Azurita

Características generales


Datos generales


Fórmula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Sistema de cristalización: Monoclínico
Lustre: Vítreo
Color: Azul claro, azul oscuro, azul.
Dureza: 3,5-4
Rareza: común
Características distintivas: Color, dureza, hábito cristalino y asociación con otros minerales.
La azurita es un carbonato de cobre que, como indica su nombre, es de un intenso color azul. Es un mineral conocido desde la antigüedad; una vez pulverizado, se obtenía un pigmento azul que era muy empleado por los pintores; este color, sin embargo, es inestable, dado que la azurita, con el tiempo, se transforma en malaquita, de color verde. Por este motivo muchos frescos de Giotto, en lugar de su originario color azul, presentan en la actualidad tonos verdes. Los indios de América utilizaban la azurita para elaborar joyas.


Fotografías

Puedes ver 6 fotografías de Azurita en su galería de fotografías.

Clasificación

Estado IMA: Válido. Descrito con antelación a 1959 (pre-IMA), se considera un mineral clásico o histórico (grandfathered)

Nickel-Strunz : 05.BA.05
  • 5: Carbonatos (nitratos)
  • 05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O
  • 05.BA: Con Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Mg, Mn

Dana 8th ed. : 16a.2.1.1

Etimología:

El nombre azurita hace alusión al vivo color azul del mineral. Dicho nombre proviene de la palabra árabe azur, que a su vez viene de la palabra persa lazhward, que significa azul. Su otro nombre, chesilita, hace referencia a la localidad de Chessy-les-Mines, cerca de Lyon, en Francia, donde en 1824 se encontraron magníficos ejemplares.



Formación y ambiente

Es un mineral secundario en la zona de oxidación de depósitos de minerales de cobre.

La azurita es un mineral de neoformación derivado de la alteración de sulfuros de cobre en ambientes carbonáticos, donde se puede encontrar asociada a otro carbonato de cobre, la malaquita, que a menudo la sustituye pseudomórficamente. También se encuentra como impregnaciones en rocas sedimentarias, como areniscas, de aguas carbonáticas ricas en sulfatos de cobre.

Propiedades fisicas

Hábito: La azurita cristaliza en el sistema monoclínico, en cristales prismáticos alargados o tabulares, estriados, ricos en caras, raramente aislados, a menudo concrecionados reunidos en agregados con estructura radiada, con buena exfoliación. Son también frecuentes pátinas o pequeñas masas reniformes terrosas más o menos masivas o columnares.

Lustre: Vítreo

Transparencia: Transparente, Subtranslúcido

Color: Azul claro, azul oscuro, azul.

Color en sección fina: Incolora

Raya: Azul clara

Dureza (Mohs): 3,5-4

Tenacidad: Frágil

Exfoliación::
  • Primera exfoliación: Perfecta en [011]
  • Segunda exfoliación: Perfecta en [100]
  • Tercera exfoliación: Perfecta


Fractura: Concoidal

Densidad: 3,8-3,9 g/cm3 (medida) | 3,79 g/cm3 (calculada)

Cristalografía

Sistema cristalino: Monoclínico

Clase (H-M): 2m (2/m) - Prismática

Grupo espacial: P2(1)/a

Parámetros de la celda: a=5,008Å b=5,844Å c=10,336Å

Estructura del cristal: β=92,33º

Volumen de unidad de celda: V 302,25Å

Z: 2

Difracción de Rayos X:
Difracción de Rayos X
D(hkl)Intensidad
3,516100
2,22470
5,1555

Propiedades ópticas

Tipo: Biaxial (+)

Valores RI: nα= 1,73; nβ= 1,758; nγ= 1,838

2V: medida: 68º

Máxima birrefringencia: δ = 0,108

Dispersión: Distinta, r>v

Pleocroismo: Pleiocroico

X: Azul claro
Y: Azul claro
Z: Púrpura oscuro



Reflectancia:
Reflectancia
D(hkl)Intensidad
470.09,75
546.08,8
589.08,45
650.08,3


Propiedades químicas

Fórmula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2

Elementos químicos: Cu, C, O, H

Composición química: H: 0,58%, CO3: 34,81%, O: 37,14%, Cu: 55,31%, C: 6,97%,

Tests químicos

Fusibilidad: 2; Mineral tipo: Natrolita; Punto de fusión: 800ºC; Funde con mechero de gas
Reacción a los ácidos: Se disuelve con efervescencia en ácido clorhídrico.
Color de la llama: Verde
Formación de sublimados: Se funde en glóbulos metálicos



Relaciones con otros minerales

Minerales acompañantes:

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
AuricalcitaAuricalcita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
CalcitaCalcita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaCO3
CerusitaCerusita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

PbCO3
CalcosinaCalcosina2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.B: Sulfuros con metal, M:S > 1:1 (principalmente 2:1)

Cu2S
CalcopiritaCalcopirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

CuFeS2
CrisocolaCrisocola9. Silicatos
09.E: Filosilicatos

Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4·nH2O
ConnellitaConnellita3. Haluros
03.D: Oxihaluros, hidroxihaluros y haluros con doble enlace

Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4·3H2O
CobreCobre1. Elementos nativos
01.A: Metales y Aleaciones de metales

Cu
CupritaCuprita4. Óxidos
04.A: Metal:Oxígeno = 2.1 y 1:1

Cu2O
Cyanotrichita7. Sulfatos
07.D: Sulfatos (selenatos, etc.) con aniones adicionales, con H2O

Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12·2H2O
LimonitaLimonita4. Óxidos
04.F: Hidróxidos (sin V ni U)

FeO(OH)·nH2O
Liroconita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.D: Fosfatos, etc

Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4·4H2O
MalaquitaMalaquita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
CuarzoCuarzo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

SiO2
ShattuckitaShattuckita9. Silicatos
09.D: Inosilicatos

Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2




Yacimientos y localidades de interés

Localidades

  • Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Gad's Hill, Tasmania, Australia
  • Grofla mine, Chillagoe, Queensland, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Muldiva, Queensland, Australia
  • Mineral Hill, Condobalin, New South Wales, Australia
  • Moonta mines, South Australia, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Pinnacles mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Elliott mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Gad's Hill, Tasmania, Australia
  • Grofla mine, Chillagoe, Queensland, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Muldiva, Queensland, Australia
  • Mineral Hill, Condobalin, New South Wales, Australia
  • Moonta mines, South Australia, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Pinnacles mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Elliott mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Gad's Hill, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Elliott mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Elliott mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Pinnacles mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Moonta mines, South Australia, Australia
  • Grofla mine, Chillagoe, Queensland, Australia
  • Mineral Hill, Condobalin, New South Wales, Australia
  • Muldiva, Queensland, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Gad's Hill, Tasmania, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Pinnacles mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Grofla mine, Chillagoe, Queensland, Australia
  • Muldiva, Queensland, Australia
  • Mineral Hill, Condobalin, New South Wales, Australia
  • Moonta mines, South Australia, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Falkenstein, Tyrol, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Obergreuth, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Breitenau am Hochlantsch Mine, Styria, Austria
  • Falkenstein, Tyrol, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Falkenstein, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Falkenstein, Tyrol, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Obergreuth, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Breitenau am Hochlantsch Mine, Styria, Austria
  • Obergreuth, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Obergreuth, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Breitenau am Hochlantsch Mine, Styria, Austria
  • Breitenau am Hochlantsch Mine, Styria, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Vise, Liege, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • Corocoro, Pacajes, La Paz, Bolivia
  • Seabra, Bahia, Brazil
  • Evans-Lou pegmatite, near St-Pierre-de-Wakefield, Portland Twp., Papineau Co., Québec, Canada
  • Port Radium, Northwest Territories, Canada
  • Krupka, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Horni Slavkov, Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • Borovec, Zdar nad Sazavou, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Alexander Gallery, Vrancice, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Doubravice, Jicin, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Moldava, Teplice, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Sykes Mine, Bowland, Lancashire, England
  • Thief Gills, Roughtongill, Cumbria, England
  • Ting-Tang mine, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • West Caradon mine, St. Cleer, Cornwall, England
  • West Mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Wheal Bassett, Redruth, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Buller, Redruth, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Gorland, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Phoenix, Linkinhorne, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Driggith Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dry Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Eagle Crag Mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • Stormy point, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • South Caradon mine, St. Cleer, Cornwall, England
  • Bin Combe, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Black Scar Workings, Levers Water, Cumbria, England
  • Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Cannington Park Quarry, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Carharrack mine, St Day, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Carrock mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Barden Hill Quarry, Coalville, Leicestershire, England
  • Ball Eye quarry, Bosnal, Derbyshire, England
  • Bamfylde mine, Devon, England
  • Wheal Virgin, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wood mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Yewthwaite Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwinear, Cornwall, England
  • Ecton Hill,Clayton Adi, Ecton Hill, Staffordshire, England
  • Engine Vein, Alderley Edge, Shropshire, England
  • Glenderaterra Mine, Threlkeld, Cumbria, England
  • Old Sandbeds Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Open cast Mine, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • New Cliffe Hill quarry, Markfield, Leicestershire, England
  • Roughton Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Sea Wood Mine, Bardsea, Ulverstone, Cumbria, England
  • Isolation Mine, Snelstone Nr Ashbourne, Derbyshire, England
  • Judkins quarry, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, England
  • Levers Water, Coniston, Cumbria, England
  • New Venture Level, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Mottram St.Andrew, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Myers Head Mine, Hartsop, Cumbria, England
  • Higher Pitts mine, Priddy, Mendip Hills, Somerset, England
  • Old Potts Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Old Gunnislake mine, Calstock, Cornwall, England
  • Goldscope Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Graphite Mine, Seathwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Great Sled Dale, Swaledale, Yorkshire, England
  • Gunheath China Clay Pit, Stenalees, St.Austell, Cornwall, England
  • Gunheath pit, Bugle, Hensbarrow Moor, Cornwall, England
  • Clevedon Beach, Somerset, England
  • Coniston Copper Mines, Coniston, Cumbria, England
  • Corn Rigg vein, Cross Fell, Cumbria, England
  • Deep Ecton Pipe, Ecton, Staffordshire, England
  • Dale Head Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Cumpston Hill, Mallerstang, Cumbria, England
  • Doc Mine, Stormy Point, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Dodington mine, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Bousiéyas, Alpes-Maritimes, France
  • Chessy, near Lyon, Rhône, France
  • Cap Garonne, Le Pradet, Var, France
  • Falgayrolles, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Chessy-les-Mines, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Mas d'Alary, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Rabéjac quarry, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Huelgoat, Poullaouen, Brittany, France
  • Monsols, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Tistoulet mine, Padern, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Gangzug Prinzbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilfe Gottes mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • St. Andreasberg, Hartz Mts, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Silberbrünnle mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Glücksrad mine, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Glückauf mine, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Königswart, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kochenfeld mine, Trusetal, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Kafersteige mine, Pforzheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Johann mine, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hühn mine, Trusetal, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Stahlberg mine, Kohlberg, Trusetal, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Winterberg quarry, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Christophstal, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Clara mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Floßberg mine, Bad Lauterberg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Daniel mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Artenberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Anton mine, Heubachtal, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Amalienstollen mine, Nordrachtal, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Rammelsberg mine, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Rötenbach quarry, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Schweina-Glücksbrunn, Bad Liebenstein, Eisenach, Thüringen, Germany
  • Nesselgrund quarry, Schnellbach, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Kamaréza Central mine, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Hilarion adit, Agios Konstandinos, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Gortdrum mine, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Coosheen mine, Ballydehob, Co. Cork, Ireland
  • Cappagh mine, Ballydehob, Co. Cork, Ireland
  • Tynagh mine, Co. Galway, Ireland
  • Ross Island, Lough Leane, Co. Kerry, Ireland
  • Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Seravezza, Tuscany, Italy
  • Mount Vesuvius, Naples, Campania, Italy
  • Is Murvonis Mine, Domusnovas, Iglesias district, Sardinia, Italy
  • Carrara, Tuscany, Italy
  • Baccu Locci mine, Villaputzu, Sardinia, Italy
  • Chaidarkan, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Chauvay, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Matehuala, San Luis Potosi, Mexico
  • Mina Ojuela, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico
  • Navajoa, Sonora, Mexico
  • Hidalgo de Parral, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico
  • Concepcion de Oro, Zacatecas, Mexico
  • El Cobre Mine, Concepcion del Oro, Zacatecas, Mexico
  • Boleo, Santa Rosalia, Baja California, Mexico
  • San Carlos mine, Mazapil, Zacatecas, Mexico
  • Batopilas district, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Sidi Ayed, Mid Atlas Mts., Morocco
  • Bou Skour mine, Jebel Sarhro, Ouarzazate, Morocco
  • Touissit, Oujda, Morocco
  • Easter Pocket, Tsumeb, Namibia
  • Kombat mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Nosib mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tschudi mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Buö, Arendal, Froland, Aust-Agder, Norway
  • Aldan Shield, Yakutiya, Siberia, Russia
  • Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Dodo mine, Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Creetown Quarry, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Coire Buidhe, Glen Creran, Argyll & Bute, Scotland
  • Mannoch Hill Mine, Lesmahgow, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Strathclyde/Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Kilchrist Marble Quarries, near Broadford, Isle of Skye, Scotland
  • Wha Taing, Burray Isle, Orkney, Scotland
  • Messina, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Willows mine, Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Stavoren, near Marble Hall, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Rio Tinto mines, Huelva, Spain
  • Cavradi-Schlucht, Graubünden, Switzerland
  • Mt Cherbadung, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland
  • Mürtschenalp, Glarus, Switzerland
  • Ross Hannibal mine, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Rose mine, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Reed/Bechtel/Snively/Russel/Bingham, Adams Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Redmond Prospect, Haywood Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Red Mountain District, Mendocino Co., California, USA
  • Ray mine, Pina Co., Arizona, USA
  • Pine Creek Mine, Bishop, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Phelps Dodge Morenci Mine, Morenci, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Royal Gorge Area, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Ruby Hill Area, Eureka, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Loon Lake, Stevens Co., Washington, USA
  • Live Oak Mine, Inspiration, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Lewis/Adams/Washington/NezPerce/Idaho Counties, Seven Devils Mining District, Idaho, USA
  • La Sal, San Jean Co., Utah, USA
  • La Motte/Missouri Cobalt Mine, Fredrick, Madison Co., Missouri, USA
  • Majuba Hill mine, Pershing Co., Nevada, USA
  • Park City, Summit Co., Utah, USA
  • Sacramento pit, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Morenci-Metcalf, Clifton, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Parrot Jasper Mine, Milton, Chittenden Co., Vermont, USA
  • Kirwin copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Hartville, Platte Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Elk Knob, Boone, Watauga Co., North Carolina, USA
  • General Area, Jasper & Newton counties, Missouri, USA
  • General Area, Franklin, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Gabbs District, Nye Co., Nevada, USA
  • Fritz Island Mine, Reading, Berks Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • French Creek Mines, Knauertown, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Hartville iron-copper district, Platte Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Nacimiento Mine, Sandoval Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Ouray District, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Omega Mine, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Old Guard Mine, Tombstone, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Okimah, Okfuskee Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • O.K. Mine, Beaver Co., Utah, USA
  • New Water Mountains, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • New Rambler copper-gold-platinum district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Lordsburg, Hildago Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Lusk, Wyoming, USA
  • Mackay, Custer Co., Idaho, USA
  • Silver Bill mine, Gleeson, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Cliff mine, Niobrara Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Silver Crown copper district, Laramie Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Silver Hill Mine, Tuescon arera, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver King Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silverton District, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Sneech Pond Copper mine, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • South Juanita Mine, Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Stinkingwater copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Sedalia Copper Mine, Sedalia, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Trail Creek mine area, Converse Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Trap rock Quarry, Chesire, New Haven Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Waldo District, Josephine Co., Oregon, USA
  • West York, York Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • White Camp Area, Utah, USA
  • White Caps/Outlaw Mines etc, Manhattan, Nye Co., Nevada, USA
  • Zinc Hill Mine, Darwin Area, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Shattuck mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Strong copper mine, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • San Manuel mine, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Magma Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Maid of Sunshine mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mountain City Copper Mine, Elko Co., Nevada, USA
  • Mammoth-St. Anthony mine, Tiger, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Manhan Lead Silver Mine, Southampton, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Manton, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Memphis Mine, Organ district, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Mex-Tex mine, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • mica Lode/Meyers/School Section Mines/etc, Royal Gorge Area, El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Mineral Mts. Area, Milford, Beaver Co., Utah, USA
  • Mohawk mine, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Monte Cristo District, Snohomish Co., Washington, USA
  • Monumemt Valley #1 Mine, Monument Valley Area, Coconino Co., Arizona, USA
  • Morenci, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Senorita mine, Ouray district, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Magruder mica Mine, Washington, Wilkes Co., Georgia, USA
  • Southwest mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Keystone-Douglas Creek gold-copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Bechtel/Snively Mines, Mount Hope, York Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • 79 Mine, Banner District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Alaska mine, Seven Devils district, Adams Co., Idaho, USA
  • Anaconda Area, Deer Lodge Co., Montana, USA
  • Arlington Copper Mine, North Arlington, Bergen Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Beaver Lake Area, Porter Township, Lycoming Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Butte General Area, Montana, USA
  • Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Black Hawk district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Black Pine Mine, Phillipsburg, Granite Co., Montana, USA
  • Blue Ball Mine, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Blueball mine, near Globe, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Boston Mining Co., Enosburg Falls, Franklin Co., Vermont, USA
  • Bristol Copper Mine, Bristol, Hartford Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Bristol Silver Mine, Pioche, Lincoln Co., Nevada, USA
  • Bunker Hill mine, Kellogg, Shoshone Co., Idaho, USA
  • Crestmore Quarry, Crestmore, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Cole shaft, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Copperopolis, Calaveras Co., California, USA
  • Copper Rock/Ward District, Nederland, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Conklin quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Caballos Mts., Caballo, Sierra Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Callahan mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Campbell shaft, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Carpenter Mine, New Albany, Bradford Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Centennial Eureka mine, Tintic distr., Juab Co, Utah, USA
  • Christmas Mine, Hayden, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Clay Mine, Morenci, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Clegg Mine, Bennett, Chatam Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Clifton, Arizona, USA
  • Clifton, Tooele Co., Utah, USA
  • Courtland-Gleeson District, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Colorado Mine, Morenci District, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Burro Mountain Area, Central District, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Copper Hill Area mines, Ducktown, Polk Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Copper Mt pegmatite district, Fremont Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Beacon Pole Hill/Iron Mine Hill/Diamond Hill etc, Cumberland Area, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Hidden Treasure mine, Tooele Co., Utah, USA
  • Franciscan Formation, Panoche Valley, California, USA
  • Kelly Mine, Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Hartville Uplift Copper district, Goshen Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Crystal Pass, Ray, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Czar shaft, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Devils Hole mine, Devils Hole pegmatite, Texas Creek area, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Dexter quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Dixie-Apex Mine, St. George, Washington Co., Utah, USA
  • Durango, La Plata Co., Colorado, USA
  • Eight Mile Park, Eight Mile Park pegmatite district, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Gold Quarry mine, Carlin Trend, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Encampment copper district, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Gold Hill mine, Tooele Co., Utah, USA
  • Esterbrook copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Evergreen mine, near Apex, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Faber Zinc Mine, Faber, Albe Marle Co., Virginia, USA
  • Fernando Mine/etc, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Rusk Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Juanita Mine, Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Josephine Creek, Galice District, Josephine Co., Oregon, USA
  • Jomac Uranium mine, San Juan Co., Utah, USA
  • Harding Mine, Dixon, Taos Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Hanover #2 mine, Hanover-Fierro district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Graphic mine, Magdalena District, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Grants Mills, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Granite Gap, Hidalgo Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Granite Creek, Lolo Hot Springs Area (MIssoula arae), Granite Co., Montana, USA
  • Grandview mine, Grand Canyon, Coconino Co., Arizona, USA
  • Grand Reef mine, Laurel Canyon, Aravaipa mining distr., Graham Co., Arizona, USA
  • Hartford Area (Rocky Hill), Hartford Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Cornwall, Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Jensen Quarry, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Italian Mt. Area, Aspen, Gunnison Co., Colorado, USA
  • Iron Blossom Mine, Tintic District, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Hunting Hill quarry, Rockville, Montgomery Co., Maryland, USA
  • Holmes, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Hilltop mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Hill Top Mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • General Area, Picher/Commerce/Quapaw/Miami/Peoria, Ottowa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Pant-y-Gaseg Mine, Anglesey, Wales
  • Penrhiw mine, Ystumtuen, Dyfed, Wales
  • Snowbrook Mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Ty Gwyn Mine, Llandudno, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Great Ormes Head Mine, Llandudno, Wales
  • Bwlchrehennaid Mine (Level Newydd), Goginan, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Nant-y-Car Mine, Rhayader, Powys, Wales
  • Great Ormes Head Mine, Llandudno, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Llettyhen Mine (Vaughan), Bontgoch, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Cwmystwyth mine,Cwmystwyth, Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn, Dyfed, Wales
  • Darren Mine, Penbontrhydybeddau, Parcel Canol, Dyfed, Wales
  • Dolyhir Quarry, Powys, Wales
  • Dylife Mine, Dylife, Machynlleth, Powys, Wales
  • Esgairfraith Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Musonoi mine, Kolwezi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Kipushi mine, Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Fitula mine, Zambia
  • Broken Hill mine, Kabwe, Zambia


Usos

Se emplea como mena de cobre o para detectar otros minerales más ricos en este elemento. También es apreciada en decoración, joyería y coleccionismo.

Bibliografía y más información

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, vol. 135, p.416, (1972)

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