Calcosina

Características generales


Datos generales


Fórmula: Cu2S
Sistema de cristalización: Ortorrómbico
Lustre: Metálico
Color: Gris oscuro; pátina: negro mate con reflejos azules
Dureza: 2,5-3
Rareza: común
Grupo de minerales: Grupo de la Calcosina - Digenita
Serie: Chalcocite-Yarrowite Series


Fotografías

Puedes ver 5 fotografías de Calcosina en su galería de fotografías.

Clasificación

Estado IMA: Válido. Descrito con antelación a 1959 (pre-IMA), se considera un mineral clásico o histórico (grandfathered)

Nickel-Strunz : 02.BA.05a
  • 2: Sulfuros y sulfosales
  • 02.B: Sulfuros con metal, M:S > 1:1 (principalmente 2:1)
  • 02.BA: Con Cu,Ag,Au

Dana 8th ed. : 2.4.7.1

Etimología:

Deriva del griego calkos que significa cobre.



Formación y ambiente

Se formada a partir de otros minerales de cobre en lo que se llaman zonas de enriquecimiento supergénico.

Aparece como mineral secundario en o cerca de las zonas de oxidación de los yacimientos de minerales sulfuros del cobre.

Infiltración, secundario, hidrotermal.

Propiedades fisicas

Hábito: Los cristales son cortamente prismáticos [001], de gruesos a tabulares {001}, de hasta 12 cm, y prismáticos [100] de hasta 25 cm de longitud. Más común en forma masiva o compacto.

Lustre: Metálico

Transparencia: Opaco

Color: Gris oscuro; pátina: negro mate con reflejos azules

Color en sección fina: Incolora

Raya: Negro grisáceo

Dureza (Mohs): 2,5-3

Tenacidad: Séctil

Exfoliación::
  • Primera exfoliación: Imperceptible en [110]
  • Segunda exfoliación: Imperceptible
  • Tercera exfoliación: Imperceptible


Fractura: Concoidal

Densidad: 5,5-5,8 g/cm3 (medida) | 6,46 g/cm3 (calculada)

Cristalografía

Sistema cristalino: Ortorrómbico

Clase (H-M): 1m (6/m) - Dipiramidal

Grupo espacial: P2(1)/c

Parámetros de la celda: a=11,881Å b=27,323Å c=13,491Å

Estructura del cristal: β=116,26º

Volumen de unidad de celda: V 3924,48Å

Z: 96

Macla: Maclas cíclicas pseudohexagonales.

Difracción de Rayos X:
Difracción de Rayos X
D(hkl)Intensidad
1,88100
1,97570
2,40370

Propiedades ópticas

Tipo: Opaco

Dispersión: Ninguna

Anisotropismo: Débil

Reflectancia:
Reflectancia
D(hkl)Intensidad
470.036,6
546.033,2
589.031,5
650.029,7


Propiedades químicas

Fórmula: Cu2S

Elementos químicos: Cu, S

Composición química: S: 20,15%, Cu: 79,85%,

Tests químicos

Fusibilidad: 1; Mineral tipo: Antimonita; Punto de fusión: 525ºC; Funde con una cerilla
Reacción a los ácidos: Se disuelve en ácido nítrico caliente con la precipitación de azufre
Formación de sublimados: Hierve y se funde en un glóbulo metálico.



Relaciones con otros minerales

Miembro del grupo de minerales: Grupo de la Calcosina - Digenita

Minerales pertenecientes al Grupo de la Calcosina - Digenita

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
CalcosinaCalcosina2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.B: Sulfuros con metal, M:S > 1:1 (principalmente 2:1)

Cu2S
Digenita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.B: Sulfuros con metal, M:S > 1:1 (principalmente 2:1)

Cu9S5
Djurleita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.B: Sulfuros con metal, M:S > 1:1 (principalmente 2:1)

Cu31S16
Yarrowita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

Cu9S8


Minerales acompañantes:

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
AzuritaAzurita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
BornitaBornita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.B: Sulfuros con metal, M:S > 1:1 (principalmente 2:1)

Cu5FeS4
CalcopiritaCalcopirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

CuFeS2
CobreCobre1. Elementos nativos
01.A: Metales y Aleaciones de metales

Cu
Covellita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

CuS
CupritaCuprita4. Óxidos
04.A: Metal:Oxígeno = 2.1 y 1:1

Cu2O
Enargita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.K: Sulfarsenatos, Sulfantimonatos

Cu3AsS4
MalaquitaMalaquita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
PiritaPirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.E: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:2

FeS2
CuarzoCuarzo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

SiO2
Tennantita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
TetraedritaTetraedrita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13




Yacimientos y localidades de interés

Localidades

  • Mina Maria, Quebrada Puquios, Atacama, Chile - Localidad tipo.
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt. Elliott Mine, Queensland, Australia
  • Lake Boga quarry, Victoria, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt. Elliott Mine, Queensland, Australia
  • Lake Boga quarry, Victoria, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Lake Boga quarry, Victoria, Australia
  • Mt. Elliott Mine, Queensland, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt. Elliott Mine, Queensland, Australia
  • Lake Boga quarry, Victoria, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Siglo Veinte (XX) mine, Llallagua, Bustillo, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Port Radium, Northwest Territories, Canada
  • Jeffrey pit, Asbestos, Shipton Twp., Richmond Co., Québec, Canada
  • Alexander Gallery, Vrancice, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Borovec, Zdar nad Sazavou, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Krupka, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Moldava, Teplice, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Carn Brea, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Cannington Park Quarry, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Gunnislake Clitters, Gunnislake, Cornwall, England
  • Geevor mine, Trewellard, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Engine Vein, Alderley Edge, Shropshire, England
  • Driggith Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dolcoath mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Botallack, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Camborne Vean mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Botallack mine, Botallack, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Birk Fell Mine, Tilberthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Bampfylde Mine, Heasley Mill, Devon, England
  • Carrock mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dodington mine, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Black Scar Workings, Levers Water, Cumbria, England
  • Wood mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwinear, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Phoenix, Linkinhorne, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Gorland, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Edward, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Crenver, Crowan, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Cock, Botallack, St. Just., Cornwall, England
  • Dale Head Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Copper Hill mine, Redruth, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Cooks Kitchen mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Anty Cross Mine, Dalton in Furness, Cumbria, England
  • Brandy Gill Lead mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • New Cliffe Hill quarry, Markfield, Leicestershire, England
  • Loe Warren zawn, Botallack, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Levant mine, Pendeen, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Judkins quarry, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, England
  • Hingston Down quarry, Calstock, Cornwall, England
  • Roughton Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Red Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Mexico mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Pendarves mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • Old Potts Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • New East Wheal Russel, near Tavistock, Devon, England
  • St Ives Consols Mine, St.Ives, Cornwall, England
  • St. Ives Consols mine, St. Ives, Cornwall, England
  • Tincroft mine, Redruth, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • South Wheal Towan, Porthtowan, Cornwall, England
  • South Wheal Towan, Porthowan, Cornwall, England
  • South Crofty mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Higher Pitts mine, Priddy, Mendip Hills, Somerset, England
  • Seathwaite Mine, Seathwaite Tarn. Conist, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Buller, Redruth, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Bassett, Redruth, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Abraham, Crowan, Cornwall, England
  • West Caradon mine, St. Cleer, Cornwall, England
  • Spearn Moor mine, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Spearne Moor mine, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Tresavean mine, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Montebras, Soumans, Creuse, Limousin, France
  • Tistoulet mine, Padern, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Chessy-les-Mines, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • La Pacaudière, Le Crozet, Loire, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Falgayrolles, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Cap Garonne, Le Pradet, Var, France
  • Glücksrad mine, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • St. Andreasberg, Hartz Mts, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Uranlagerstatte Mullenbach, Baden-Baden, Germany
  • Nesselgrund quarry, Schnellbach, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Rammelsberg mine, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Schweina-Glücksbrunn, Bad Liebenstein, Eisenach, Thüringen, Germany
  • Silberbrünnle mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hechtsberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Clara mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Daniel mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Anton mine, Heubachtal, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilfe Gottes mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Johann mine, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kafersteige mine, Pforzheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kirchheimerstollen, Müllenbach, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Floßberg mine, Bad Lauterberg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Königswart, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilarion adit, Agios Konstandinos, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Ivigtut, Arsuk Fjord, Greenland
  • Ilimaussaq, West Greenland
  • Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Carrara, Tuscany, Italy
  • Molinello mine, Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Ashio mine, Ashio-machi, Kamitsuga, Tochigi Pref., Japan
  • Dzeshkazgan Copper Mine, Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan
  • Sarbay silver mine, Rudni, Kusteni Oblast, Kazakhstan
  • Boleo, Santa Rosalia, Baja California, Mexico
  • Tsumeb West Vanadium mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tschudi mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kombat mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Guchab-Rodgerberg area, Otavi, Namibia
  • Berg Aukas, Otavi, Namibia
  • Nosib mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Alt Bobos mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway
  • Evje-Ivedal, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
  • Panasqueira mine, Panasqueira, Beira-Beixa, Portugal
  • Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Murun massif, Davan, Torgo river basin, Aldan Shield, Yakutia, Siberia, Russia
  • Mutnovskoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Rodnikovoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Aldan Shield, Yakutiya, Siberia, Russia
  • Silver Glen, Clackmannanshire, Scotland
  • Carsaig Bay, Carsaig, Isle of Mull, Scotland
  • Loanhead quarry, near Beith, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Rhuba a'Mhill, Isle of Islay, Scotland
  • Boyleston Quarry, Barrhead, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Blairelogie mine, Clackmannanshire, Scotland
  • Messina, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Rio Tinto mines, Huelva, Spain
  • Horcajo mines, Ciudad Real, Spain
  • Långban mines, Bergslagen ore district, Värmland, Sweden
  • Mürtschenalp, Glarus, Switzerland
  • Rosalia Station, California, USA
  • Wood Copper Mine, micaville, Cleburne Co., Alabama, USA
  • White Pine mine, Ontonagan Co., Michigan, USA
  • Crystal Pass, Ray, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Crestmore Quarry, Crestmore, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Courtland-Gleeson District, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Cornwall, Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Royal Gorge Area, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Rutherford Mines, Amelia Court House, Virginia, USA
  • Saginaw Hill, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • San Manuel mine, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Santa Rita mine, Silver City, New Mexico, USA
  • Reed/Bechtel/Snively/Russel/Bingham, Adams Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Sedalia Copper Mine, Sedalia, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Shattuck mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Sheep Mt mine, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Copper Mt pegmatite district, Fremont Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Copper Knob Mine, Ashenty, North Carolina, USA
  • Eberle Mine, Cobb, Iowa Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Eight Mile Park, Eight Mile Park pegmatite district, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Encampment copper district, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Erie Mine/Enterprise Mine, Austin, Lander Co., Nevada, USA
  • Evergreen mine, near Apex, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Conklin quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Centennial Mine, Calumet, Houghton Co., Michigan, USA
  • Central York Mts., West Seward Peninsula, Alaska, USA
  • Chino ore body, Central Mining District, Grant Co., Nevada, USA
  • Christmas Mine, Hayden, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • 79 Mine, Banner District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Comstock Lode, Virginia City, Storey Co., Nevada, USA
  • Cashin/Bitter Creek/J & J Mine etc, Paradox Valley Area/La Sal Creek, Montrose Co., Colorado, USA
  • Copper Hill Area mines, Ducktown, Polk Co., Tennessee, USA
  • East Colusa Mine, Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
  • Sikver Cliff Area, Custer Co., Colorado, USA
  • Tyrone Mine, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • United Verde Copper Co., Jerome, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Warren Nickel prospect, Warren, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Twin Buttes, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Hill, Davidson Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Silver King Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silverton District, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Smuggler Vein, Smuggler Union Consolidated mine, Marshall Basin, Telluride District, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Sneech Pond Copper mine, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Trail Creek mine area, Converse Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Silver Cliff mine, Niobrara Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Sterling Hill and Franklin Furnace, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Stewart Mine, Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
  • Strong copper mine, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Tintic Standard mine, Dividend, Utah Co., Utah, USA
  • Trap rock Quarry, Chesire, New Haven Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Tramway mine, Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
  • Union Copper/Pioneers/Cosley's/McMalzin's etc, Area mines, Cabarrus Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Santa Rita Pit, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Park City, Summit Co., Utah, USA
  • New Rambler copper-gold-platinum district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Okimah, Okfuskee Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Old Guard Mine, Tombstone, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Ore Knob Copper Mine, Ashe, Ashe Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Rico Argentite mine, Rico district, Dolores Co., Colorado, USA
  • Park City & Alta, Clayton Peak, Utah, USA
  • Platteville Area, Iowa Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Questa Mine, Taos Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Rawley Mine, Thebna, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Ray mine, Pina Co., Arizona, USA
  • Ray, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Crown copper district, Laramie Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Paoli Area, Garvin Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Balmat-Edwards District, Governor, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Hunting Hill quarry, Rockville, Montgomery Co., Maryland, USA
  • Memphis Mine, Organ district, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Miami, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • mica Lode/Meyers/School Section Mines/etc, Royal Gorge Area, El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Mineral Park Mine, Ithaca Peak, Mohave Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mineral Point, Iowa Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Morenci, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Magma Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mountain City Copper Mine, Elko Co., Nevada, USA
  • Myers Quarry, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Nacimiento Mine, Sandoval Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Kirwin copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Mammoth-St. Anthony mine, Tiger, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • La Prele copper district, Converse Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Majuba Hill mine, Pershing Co., Nevada, USA
  • Leonard Mine etc, Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
  • Morenci-Metcalf, Clifton, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Gillman District, Colorado, USA
  • Keystone-Douglas Creek gold-copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Harding Mine, Dixon, Taos Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Hartville iron-copper district, Platte Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Hartville Uplift Copper district, Goshen Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Hartville, Platte Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Kennecott, Copper river district, Alaska, USA
  • Jensen Quarry, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Jumbo Copper mine, Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, USA
  • Fernando Mine/etc, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Rusk Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Galena General Area, Jo Davies Co., Illinois, USA
  • Gem mine, Gem Park complex, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • General Area, Franklin, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Guston Mine etc, Red Mountain Pass Area, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Grand Reef mine, Laurel Canyon, Aravaipa mining distr., Graham Co., Arizona, USA
  • Granite Gap, Hidalgo Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Lewis/Adams/Washington/NezPerce/Idaho Counties, Seven Devils Mining District, Idaho, USA
  • Ducktown mine, Polk Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Benson Mines, Newton Falls/Star Lake, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Balmat, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Betty Baker Mine, Hillsville, Virginia, USA
  • Bingham canyon, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA
  • Bristol Copper Mine, Bristol, Hartford Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Brandywine Quarry, Willimgton, New Castle Co., Delaware, USA
  • Arlington Quarry etc, Leesburg, Loudoun Co., Virginia, USA
  • Booth & Lane Mines, Monroe, Fairfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Arlington Copper Mine, North Arlington, Bergen Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Bound Brook Quarry, Bridgewater, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Centennial Eureka mine, Tintic distr., Juab Co, Utah, USA
  • Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • East Tintic Mine, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Dome Rock Mts. Area, La Paz, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Dubuque Area, Dubuque Co., Iowa, USA
  • Bechtel/Snively Mines, Mount Hope, York Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Beaver Valley Quarry, Shine, Jefferson Co., Washington, USA
  • Alice mine, Alice district, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • Liberty Copper/Dolly Hyde Copper Mines, Libertytown, Fredrick Co., Maryland, USA
  • Libson Valley Area, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Loudville Lead Mine, Loudville, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Fairfax Quarry, Centreville, Fairfax Co., Virginia, USA
  • Campbell shaft, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Bristol, Connecticut, USA
  • Anaconda Area, Deer Lodge Co., Montana, USA
  • Burro Mountain Area, Central District, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • American Copper Mine, Bridgewater, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Camp Bird/Dunmore/Monarch Mtn/Portland Mines et., Ouray Area, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Fat Jack mine, Lane Mt., Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Callahan mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
  • Butte General Area, Montana, USA
  • American mine, Bingham Canyon, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA
  • Nant-y-Cagel mine (Eagle Brook), Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Parys Mountain mine, Anglesey, Wales
  • Llettyhen Mine (Vaughan), Bontgoch, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Llechwedd Helyg mine, Tir-y-Mynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Frongoch Mine, Pontrhydygroes, Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgair Hir mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Bontddu trial level, Bontddu, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Great Ormes Head Mine, Llandudno, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Camdwrbach Mine, Ponterwyd, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Musonoi mine, Kolwezi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Kipushi mine, Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Mashamba West mine, Shaba, Zaire
  • Broken Hill mine, Kabwe, Zambia


Usos

Importante mena de cobre.

Bibliografía y más información

American Mineralogist, vol. 66, p.807, (1981)
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, vol. 150, p.299, (1979)
Acta Crystallographica, vol. 17, p.311, (1964)

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