Crisocola

Características generales


Datos generales


Fórmula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4·nH2O
Sistema de cristalización: Monoclínico
Lustre: Vítreo plomizo
Color: Verde a azul, a veces pardo
Dureza: 2,4
Rareza: común
Características distintivas: Lack of crystals, colour, fracture, low density and softness.
La crisocola es en gran parte una mezcla amorfa de varios silicatos de cobre y sílice hidratada, que contiene diversas impurezas como la alumina, óxidos de cobre y óxidos limoníticos; por este motivo el color del mineral típicamente azulado o verdoso puede oscurecerse hasta adquirir tonos pardos. Se presenta en concreciones compactas, alguna vez en masas criptocristalinas con estructura finamente radiada o globosa, o bien en cristales aciculares microscópicos, rómbicos o monoclínicos, a menudo asociados a azurita o malaquita.


Fotografías

Puedes ver 2 fotografías de Crisocola en su galería de fotografías.

Clasificación

Estado IMA: Válido. Descrito con antelación a 1959 (pre-IMA), se considera un mineral clásico o histórico (grandfathered)

Nickel-Strunz : 09.ED.20
  • 9: Silicatos
  • 09.E: Filosilicatos
  • 09.ED: Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers

Dana 8th ed. : 74.3.2.1

Etimología:

Su nombre deriva de los términos griegos hrusos (oro) y kolla, cola, a causa de su semejanza con varios materiales utilizados en la antiguedad para soldar el oro.



Formación y ambiente

La crisocola es una mineral de formación secundaria, se forma en la parte superior de los yacimientos de cobre, la llamada zona de oxidación, por lo que es fácil encontrar la crisocola asociada a otros minerales del cobre como son la cuprita, azurita, malaquita y otros muchos minerales secundarios del cobre, como la limonita. Esta característica hizo que fuera usada por los mineros de la antigüedad como indicador en la superficie de yacimientos de cobre.

Secundario

Propiedades fisicas

Hábito: Aparece en masas arriñonadas, botroidales, estalactíticas y en costras. Rara vez en eflorescencias terrosas.

Lustre: Vítreo plomizo

Transparencia: Translúcido, Opaco

Color: Verde a azul, a veces pardo

Color en sección fina: Incolora

Raya: Verde clara

Dureza (Mohs): 2,4

Tenacidad: Frágil, séctil

Fractura: Concoidal-Irregular

Densidad: 2-2,4 g/cm3 (medida)

Cristalografía

Sistema cristalino: Monoclínico

Clase (H-M): 0m (2/m) - Prismática

Parámetros de la celda: a=5,7Å b=8,85Å c=6,7Å

Volumen de unidad de celda: V 836,24Å

Z: 4

Difracción de Rayos X:
Difracción de Rayos X
D(hkl)Intensidad
1,494100
2,9280
8,360

Propiedades ópticas

Tipo: Uniaxial (+)

Valores RI: nα= 1,46; nγ= 1,57

2V: medida: 5º

Máxima birrefringencia: δ = 0,175

Dispersión: Ninguna

Pleocroismo: Dichroic

X: Incoloro
Y: Pale blue green



Propiedades químicas

Fórmula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4·nH2O

Elementos químicos: Cu, Al, H, Si, O

Composición química: H: 1,26%, Al: 1,47%, Cu: 24,17%, Si: 24,42%, H2O: 3,91%, O: 48,69%,

Tests químicos

Reacción a los ácidos: Partially decomposes in hydrochloric acid.
Color de la llama: Emerald Green
Formación de sublimados: Metallic globule with soda.



Relaciones con otros minerales

Minerales acompañantes:

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
AzuritaAzurita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
CupritaCuprita4. Óxidos
04.A: Metal:Oxígeno = 2.1 y 1:1

Cu2O
GoethitaGoethita4. Óxidos
04.F: Hidróxidos (sin V ni U)

α-Fe3+O(OH)
LimonitaLimonita4. Óxidos
04.F: Hidróxidos (sin V ni U)

FeO(OH)·nH2O
MalaquitaMalaquita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Ópalo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

SiO2·nH2O
CuarzoCuarzo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

SiO2
TenoritaTenorita4. Óxidos
04.A: Metal:Oxígeno = 2.1 y 1:1

CuO




Yacimientos y localidades de interés

Yacimientos:

Entre los lugares con mayores depósitos de Crisocola localizados se encuentran Israel, República Democrática del Congo, Chile, Cornualles en Inglaterra, y Arizona, Utah, Idaho, Nuevo México y Pensilvania en los Estados Unidos. En España aparece en Pardos (Guadalajara), en los granitos de Hoyo de Manzanares y Torrelodones (Madrid), en el cinturón piritífero de Huelva,...

Localidades

  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Mt Glorious mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Mount Glorious mine, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia
  • Morass Creek, Benambra, Victoria, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Mount Glorious mine, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia
  • Morass Creek, Benambra, Victoria, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Glorious mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Glorious mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Mount Glorious mine, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia
  • Morass Creek, Benambra, Victoria, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mount Glorious mine, Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia
  • Morass Creek, Benambra, Victoria, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Glorious mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Siglo Veinte (XX) mine, Llallagua, Bustillo, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Boqueirãozinho pegmatite, Parelhas, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
  • Evans-Lou pegmatite, near St-Pierre-de-Wakefield, Portland Twp., Papineau Co., Québec, Canada
  • Mina Farola, Copiapó, Atacama, Chile
  • Manto Tres Gracias Mine, Diego de Almagro, Atacama, Chile
  • Alexander Gallery, Vrancice, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Moldava, Teplice, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Doubravice, Jicin, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Horni Hostice, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Zálesí deposit, Javorník, Moravia, Czech Republic
  • Studenec, Jilemnice, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Borovec, Zdar nad Sazavou, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Longlands Fell Mine, Uldale, Cumbria, England
  • Millrigg Mine, Staveley, Cumbria, England
  • Old Gunnislake mine, Calstock, Cornwall, England
  • Old Potts Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Old Sandbeds Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • Potts Gill Copper Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Goldscope Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Great Sled Dale, Swaledale, Yorkshire, England
  • New Cliffe Hill quarry, Markfield, Leicestershire, England
  • Craddock Moor mine, St. Cleer, Cornwall, England
  • Ghostcroft mine, Mullion, The Lizard, Cornwall, England
  • Driggith Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dry Smale Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Engine Vein, Alderley Edge, Shropshire, England
  • Brandy Gill Lead mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Buckbarrow Beck Veins, Waberthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Carrock End mine (Queen mine), Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Carrock mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dale Head Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Coniston Copper Mines, Coniston, Cumbria, England
  • Hay Gill Copper mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Balliway Rig, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwinear, Cornwall, England
  • Williams Stone Quarry, Goonhilly Downs, Lizard, Cornwall, England
  • Wood mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Wheal Gorland, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Red Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Roughton Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Shap Blue Quarry, Shap, Cumbria, England
  • Sharptor mine, Linkinhorne, Cornwall, England
  • Silver Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Stoneycroft smelter, Braithwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Stormy point, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Wheal Phoenix, Linkinhorne, Cornwall, England
  • Black Scar Workings, Levers Water, Cumbria, England
  • Brae Fell mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Brandholme Mine, Glenderaterra Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Thief Gills, Roughtongill, Cumbria, England
  • Ting-Tang mine, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Waterbank mine, Ecton, Staffordshire, England
  • West Caradon mine, St. Cleer, Cornwall, England
  • West Mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Wheal Edward, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Bousiéyas, Alpes-Maritimes, France
  • Chessy-les-Mines, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Tistoulet mine, Padern, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • La Pacaudière, Le Crozet, Loire, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Monsols, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Falgayrolles, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Rabéjac quarry, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Glücksrad mine, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Kafersteige mine, Pforzheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Königswart, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Floßberg mine, Bad Lauterberg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Rammelsberg mine, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Silberbrünnle mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • St. Andreasberg, Hartz Mts, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Glückauf mine, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Ferdinand mine, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Johann mine, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Bärensteinbruch quarry, Radautal, Bad Harzburg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Clara mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Artenberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Daniel mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Anton mine, Heubachtal, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hechtsberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilfe Gottes mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Hilarion adit, Agios Konstandinos, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Ilimaussaq, West Greenland
  • King Solomon mine, Israel
  • Baveno, Lago Maggiore, Piedmont, Italy
  • Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Sa Duchessa mine, Oridda, Sardinia, Italy
  • Khaidarkan deposit, Kyrgyzstan
  • Chaidarkan, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Chauvay, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • El Cobre Mine, Concepcion del Oro, Zacatecas, Mexico
  • Boleo, Santa Rosalia, Baja California, Mexico
  • Kombat mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Omawe, Kaokoveld, Namibia
  • Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kaokoveld mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Finsterbergen Prospect, Otavi, Namibia
  • Naesmark Gruve, Amdals Verk, Tokke, Telemark, Norway
  • La Farola Mine, Cerro Pintada, Province, Peru
  • Miguel Vacas mine, Pardais, Évora, Portugal
  • Aldan Shield, Yakutiya, Siberia, Russia
  • Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Mutnovskoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Ekaterinberg, Sverdlovsk, Ural Mts., Russia
  • Dodo mine, Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Puiva, Saranpual, Polar Urals, Russia
  • Rodnikovoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Loanhead quarry, near Beith, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Strathclyde/Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Hartfield Moss, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Boyleston Quarry, Barrhead, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Blairelogie mine, Clackmannanshire, Scotland
  • Glencrieff Mine, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Waygate Shaft, Straitstep Vein, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Sligachan quarry, Sligachan, Isle of Skye, Scotland
  • Salen, Isle of Mull, Scotland
  • Whyte's Cleuch, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Mürtschenalp, Glarus, Switzerland
  • Interstate 295 roadcut, Cranston, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Mex-Tex mine, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Memphis Mine, Organ district, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • McLear Quarry, DeKalk Township, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Manton, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Mammoth-St. Anthony mine, Tiger, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Hill Top Mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Hilltop mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Hunting Hill quarry, Rockville, Montgomery Co., Maryland, USA
  • Laurel Hill (Snake Hill), Secaucus/Bergen Hill Area, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Hawthorne, Mineral Co., Nevada, USA
  • Iron Blossom Mine, Tintic District, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Josephine Creek, Galice District, Josephine Co., Oregon, USA
  • Anaconda Area, Deer Lodge Co., Montana, USA
  • Majuba Hill mine, Pershing Co., Nevada, USA
  • Magma Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Fat Jack mine, Lane Mt., Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Fernando Mine/etc, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Rusk Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Franciscan Formation, Panoche Valley, California, USA
  • Encampment copper district, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Mackay, Custer Co., Idaho, USA
  • Hartville, Platte Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Lavender Open Pit Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Liberty Bell and Washington Pass, Okanogan Co., Washington, USA
  • Liberty Copper/Dolly Hyde Copper Mines, Libertytown, Fredrick Co., Maryland, USA
  • Live Oak Mine, Inspiration, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Lusk, Wyoming, USA
  • Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Evergreen mine, near Apex, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Apache Mine, near Globe, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Arlington Copper Mine, North Arlington, Bergen Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Copper Mt pegmatite district, Fremont Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Copper Prince mine, Crook Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Cornwall, Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Courtland-Gleeson District, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Crestmore Quarry, Crestmore, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Crystal Pass, Ray, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Blue Bell Mine, Baker, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Bunker Hill mine, Kellogg, Shoshone Co., Idaho, USA
  • Burro Mountain Area, Central District, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Butte General Area, Montana, USA
  • C & B Vanadium Mine, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Callahan mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Copper Knob Mine, Ashenty, North Carolina, USA
  • Clegg Mine, Bennett, Chatam Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Asbestos Peak, Globe, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Bagdad Copper mine, 7-U-7 Ranch, Hillside, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Benitoite/Dallas/Victor/New Idria Mines, New Idria Mining District, San Benito & Fresno Counties, California, USA
  • Betty Baker Mine, Hillsville, Virginia, USA
  • Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Black Pine Mine, Phillipsburg, Granite Co., Montana, USA
  • American Copper Mine, Bridgewater, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • 79 Mine, Banner District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Conklin quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Blanchard Mine, Bingham, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Chloride mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Christmas Mine, Hayden, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Clay Mine, Morenci, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Centennial Eureka mine, Tintic distr., Juab Co, Utah, USA
  • Waldo District, Josephine Co., Oregon, USA
  • Montclair Quarry, Montclair, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Okimah, Okfuskee Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Morenci-Metcalf, Clifton, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • New Water Mountains, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Myers Quarry, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Shattuck mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Stephenson-Bennett mine, Organ District, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Stewart mine, Pala, San Diego Co., California, USA
  • San Manuel mine, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Strong copper mine, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Sunday Morning prospect, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Torpedo Mine, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Mohawk mine, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Mistake Mine, Wickenburg, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Watchung Mountain Quarries, Mountainside, Union Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Zinc Hill Mine, Darwin Area, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Twin Buttes, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Old Dominium, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Old Guard Mine, Tombstone, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Old Yuma Mine, Tuscon Area, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Orogrande, Otero Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Osceola/Mohawk/Iroquois/Clark/Delaware Mine etc, Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
  • New Rambler copper-gold-platinum district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Paoli Area, Garvin Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Park City, Summit Co., Utah, USA
  • Phelps Dodge Morenci Mine, Morenci, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Pine Creek Mine, Bishop, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Sterling Hill and Franklin Furnace, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Tyrone Mine, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Galena/Baxter Springs/Lawton, Cherokee Co., Kansas, USA
  • Gold Quarry mine, Carlin Trend, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Granite Creek, Lolo Hot Springs Area (MIssoula arae), Granite Co., Montana, USA
  • French Creek Mines, Knauertown, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Grants Mills, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Great Notch Quarry, Little Falls, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Harding Mine, Dixon, Taos Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Hartville iron-copper district, Platte Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Hartville Uplift Copper district, Goshen Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Grand Reef mine, Laurel Canyon, Aravaipa mining distr., Graham Co., Arizona, USA
  • Denny Mountain Area, King Co., Washington, USA
  • Diamond Hill/Sneech Pond Copper Mines, Cumberland, Rhode Island, USA
  • Durango, La Plata Co., Colorado, USA
  • General Area, Franklin, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Gold Hill mine, Tooele Co., Utah, USA
  • General Area, Picher/Commerce/Quapaw/Miami/Peoria, Ottowa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Quarry, Rocky Hill, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Quick Silver Mine etc, Organ Mts. Area, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Ray Mine, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Red Cloud Mines, Gallinas Mts., Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Sedalia Copper Mine, Sedalia, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Red Mountain District, Mendocino Co., California, USA
  • Rose mine, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Royal Gorge Area, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • General Area, Jasper & Newton counties, Missouri, USA
  • Granite Gap, Hidalgo Co., New Mexico, USA
  • mica Lode/Meyers/School Section Mines/etc, Royal Gorge Area, El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Saginaw Hill, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Sacramento pit, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Ruth/Consolidated/Pit/Betty Joe Mines, Ely, White Pine Co., Nevada, USA
  • Frongoch Mine, Pontrhydygroes, Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgairfraith Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgair Hir mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Mynydd Gorddu Mine, Bontgoch, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Nant-y-Cagel mine (Eagle Brook), Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Lodge Park Trial, Tre'r-ddol,Dyfed, Wales
  • Llechwedd Helyg mine, Tir-y-Mynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Glogfawr Mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Dyfed, Wales
  • Gwaith Yr Afon mine, Penbontrhydybeddau, Trefeirig, Dyfed, Wales
  • Castell Carn Dochan, Llanuwchilyn, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Bontddu trial level, Bontddu, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Llettyhen Mine (Vaughan), Bontgoch, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Dylife Mine, Dylife, Machynlleth, Powys, Wales
  • Shagulowe Mine, Katanga (Shaba), Zaire
  • Kipushi mine, Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Kolwezi mine, Kolwezi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Mashamba West mine, Shaba, Zaire
  • Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Musonoi mine, Kolwezi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Katanga, Shaba, Zaire
  • Broken Hill mine, Kabwe, Zambia


Usos

Se utiliza como mena menor de cobre y en gemología para la elaboración de joyas.

Bibliografía y más información

American Mineralogist, vol. 54, p.993-994, (1969)
American Mineralogist, vol. 48, p.649, (1963)

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