Cerusita

Características generales


Datos generales


Fórmula: PbCO3
Sistema de cristalización: Ortorrómbico
Lustre: Adamantino
Color: Blanco, gris, verde, incolora o azul
Dureza: 3-3,5
Rareza: extendido
Características distintivas: Hábito cristalino, especialmente las maclas, peso, altra refracción y lustre.
Grupo de minerales: Grupo del Aragonito

Fotografías

Puedes ver 6 fotografías de Cerusita en su galería de fotografías.

Clasificación

Estado IMA: Válido. Descrito con antelación a 1959 (pre-IMA), se considera un mineral clásico o histórico (grandfathered)

Nickel-Strunz : 05.AB.15
  • 5: Carbonatos (nitratos)
  • 05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O
  • 05.AB: Carbonatos con tierras alcalinas (y otros M2+)

Dana 8th ed. : 14.1.3.4

Etimología:

Su nombre deriva del latín cerussa, que quiere decir plomo blanco.



Formación y ambiente

La cerusita es un carbonato de plomo que se encuentra frecuentemente y de forma secundaria en la zona de oxidación de depósitos de minerales de plomo.

Gossans

Propiedades fisicas

Hábito: Estalactítico, reticulado, masivo-granular, fibroso o cristalino.

Lustre: Adamantino

Transparencia: Transparente, Subtranslúcido

Color: Blanco, gris, verde, incolora o azul

Color en sección fina: Incolora

Raya: Blanco

Dureza (Mohs): 3-3,5

Tenacidad: Frágil

Exfoliación::
  • Primera exfoliación: Notable en [110]
  • Segunda exfoliación: Notable en [021]
  • Tercera exfoliación: Notable


Fractura: Concoidal

Densidad: 6,55-6,56 g/cm3 (medida) | 6,58 g/cm3 (calculada)

Cristalografía

Sistema cristalino: Ortorrómbico

Clase (H-M): 2m (6/m) - Dipiramidal

Grupo espacial: Pmcn

Parámetros de la celda: a=5,195Å b=8,436Å c=6,152Å

Volumen de unidad de celda: V 269,61Å

Z: 4

Macla: Pirámides pseudohexagonales y codos

Difracción de Rayos X:
Difracción de Rayos X
D(hkl)Intensidad
3,593100
3,49850
2,48732

Propiedades ópticas

Tipo: Biaxial (-)

Valores RI: nα= 1,803; nβ= 2,074; nγ= 2,076

2V: medida: 8º

Máxima birrefringencia: δ = 0,273

Dispersión: Fuerte, r>v

Reflectancia:
Reflectancia
D(hkl)Intensidad
470.08,55
546.08,3
589.08,3
650.08,2


Propiedades químicas

Fórmula: PbCO3

Elementos químicos: Pb, C, O

Composición química: O: 17,96%, CO3: 22,45%, C: 4,49%, Pb: 77,54%,

Tests químicos

Fusibilidad: 2; Mineral tipo: Natrolita; Punto de fusión: 800ºC; Funde con mechero de gas
Reacción a los ácidos: Se disuelve con efervescencia en ácido clorhídrico.
Color de la llama: Amarilla
Formación de sublimados: Se funde en glóbulos metálicos
Otros: Calentada con ioduro potásico y azufre en carbón forma una incrustación brillante.

Otras propiedades

Fluorescente (LW): Verde o azul
Fluorescente (SW): De rosa a violeta o naranja


Relaciones con otros minerales

Miembro del grupo de minerales: Grupo del Aragonito

Minerales pertenecientes al Grupo del Aragonito

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
AragonitoAragonito5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaCO3
CerusitaCerusita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

PbCO3
EstroncianitaEstroncianita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

SrCO3
WitheritaWitherita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

BaCO3


Minerales acompañantes:

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
AnglesitaAnglesita7. Sulfatos
07.A: Sulfatos (selenatos, etc.) sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

PbSO4
BaritaBarita7. Sulfatos
07.A: Sulfatos (selenatos, etc.) sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

BaSO4
CalcitaCalcita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaCO3
GalenaGalena2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

PbS
HemimorfitaHemimorfita9. Silicatos
09.B: Sorosilicatos

Zn4Si2O7(OH)2·H2O
PiromorfitaPiromorfita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.B: Fosfatos, etc. con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Pb5(PO4)3Cl




Yacimientos y localidades de interés

Localidades

  • Vicentin, Italy (?) - Localidad tipo.
  • Vicentin, Veneto, Italy - Localidad tipo.
  • Bou Thaleb, Algeria
  • Bou Thaleb, Algeria
  • Bou Thaleb, Algeria
  • Bou Thaleb, Algeria
  • Magnet mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Zeehan, Tasmania, Australia
  • Whyte river, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Comet mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Dundas mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Heazlewood Mine, Heazlewood, Tasmania, Australia
  • Browns Claim, Rum Jungle, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Adelaide Prop. mine, Stichtite Hill, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Heazlewood Mine, Heazlewood, Tasmania, Australia
  • Magnet mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Marulan, Talwong mine, New South Wales, Australia
  • West Comet Mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Pinnacles mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Red Lead mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Red Lead mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Pinnacles mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • West Comet Mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Whyte river, Tasmania, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Zeehan, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Comet mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Dundas mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Marulan, Talwong mine, New South Wales, Australia
  • Adelaide Prop. mine, Stichtite Hill, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Browns Claim, Rum Jungle, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Red Lead mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Adelaide Prop. mine, Stichtite Hill, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Browns Claim, Rum Jungle, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Heazlewood Mine, Heazlewood, Tasmania, Australia
  • Magnet mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Marulan, Talwong mine, New South Wales, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Dundas mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Comet mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Zeehan, Tasmania, Australia
  • Whyte river, Tasmania, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • West Comet Mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Pinnacles mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Heazlewood Mine, Heazlewood, Tasmania, Australia
  • Magnet mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Marulan, Talwong mine, New South Wales, Australia
  • Whyte river, Tasmania, Australia
  • Adelaide Prop. mine, Stichtite Hill, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Zeehan, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Comet mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Browns Claim, Rum Jungle, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Pinnacles mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Red Lead mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Dundas mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • West Comet Mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Silberleiten, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Silberleiten, Tyrol, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Silberleiten, Tyrol, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Silberleiten, Tyrol, Austria
  • Plombières, Liege, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • Rocheux, Luxembourg, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • Welkenraedt, Liege, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • Longvilly, Luxembourg, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • Bleyberg, Belgium
  • Angleur, Liege, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • Hiaco mine, Chayanta, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Tatasí, Sud Chichas, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • San José and Itos mines, Oruro Dept., Bolivia
  • Oruro City, Oruro Dept., Bolivia
  • Jacuaracu pegmatite, Lavra de Sr. Jose Pinto, Municipo de Timoteo, Jacuaracu, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Jaguaracu Pegmatite, Jaguaracu, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Port Radium, Northwest Territories, Canada
  • Van Silver mine, Brandywine Creek, British Columbia, Canada
  • Society Girl Mine, Kootenay region, British Columbia, Canada
  • Moyie, Salmo, British Columbia, Canada
  • Mt St.-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada
  • Hudson Bay zinc mine, Salmo, Nelson mining distr., West Kootenay distr., British Columbia, Canada
  • Demix-Varennes quarry, Saint-Amable sill, Varennes, Verchéres Co., Québec, Canada
  • Dundas Quarry, Wentworth Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Predborice, Stredocesky kraj, Bohemia, Czech Republic
  • Lill mine, Brezove hory (Birkenberg), Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Litce nad Orlici, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Borovec, Zdar nad Sazavou, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Bohutin, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Moldava, Teplice, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Mies, Bohemia, Czech Republic
  • Alexander Gallery, Vrancice, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Hütte, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Horni Hostice, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Roughton Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Sacheveral Farm, Winster, Derbyshire, England
  • Pike Lane Opencut, Winster Moor, Derbyshire, England
  • Short Grain, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Silver Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Slayley Quarry, Bonsal, Derbyshire, England
  • Smallcleugh mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Mottram St.Andrew, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Myers Head Mine, Hartsop, Cumbria, England
  • Nether Row Brow, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • New Venture Level, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Redburn mine, Rookhope, Co. Durham, England
  • Red Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Raper Mine, Alport, Derbyshire, England
  • Cromford, Matlock, Derbyshire, England
  • Crich Quarry, Crich, Derbyshire, England
  • Wirksworth, Rent Tor, Derbyshire, England
  • Wood mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Yewthwaite Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Yew Tree mine, Bollihope, Co. Durham, England
  • Whitfield Brow Mines, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Poddy Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Polzeath Consols, St. Minver, Cornwall, England
  • Port Quin, St. Endellion, Cornwall, England
  • Priddy, Somerset, England
  • Newporth Beach, Falmouth, Cornwall, England
  • Smittergill Head Mine, Cumbria, England
  • Stancombe Quarry, Flax Bourton, Somerset, England
  • Stoneycroft smelter, Braithwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Stormy point, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • The Gannel smelter, Newquay, Cornwall, England
  • Thief Gills, Roughtongill, Cumbria, England
  • Thornthwaite Mine, Thornthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Wesley Mine, Westbury on Trym, Somerset, England
  • Trevinnick mine, St. Kew, Cornwall, England
  • Wapping mine, Matlock Bath, Derbyshire, England
  • Waterbank mine, Ecton, Staffordshire, England
  • Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Wheal Rose, Sithney, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Rose, Newlyn, Cornwall, England
  • Old Sandbeds Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Open cast Mine, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • Pentire Glaze mine, St. Minver, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Confidence, Newquay, Cornwall, England
  • West Mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Wetgrooves Mine, Aysgarth, Yorkshire, England
  • Wheal Friendship, Mary Tavy, Devon, England
  • Wheal Gorland, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Mary Ann, Menheniot, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Penrose, Perranzabuloe, Cornwall, England
  • Threlkeld Quarry, Threlkeld, Cumbria, England
  • Frank Mills mine, Devon, England
  • Barrow Mine, Braithwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Brownley Hill Pb-Zn mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Burgham mine, Shelve, Shropshire, England
  • Brae Fell mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Brandy Gill Lead mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Brandholme Mine, Glenderaterra Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Brandy Bottle Mine, Swaledale, Yorkshire, England
  • Brandelhow Mine, Brandlehow, Cumbria, England
  • Carrock End mine (Queen mine), Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Castle Nook Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Isolation Mine, Snelstone Nr Ashbourne, Derbyshire, England
  • Brandybottle mine, Swaledale, Yorkshire, England
  • Closehouse Mine, Lunedale, Co. Durham, England
  • Colemans Quarry, Holwell, Nr. Frome, Somerset, England
  • Blackdown Hill, Mendip, Somerset, England
  • Batts Coombe Quarry, Cheddar, Somerset, England
  • Beer-Alston, Devon, England
  • Bonsall Moor Quarry, Winster, Derbyshire, England
  • Bounds Cliff, St. Endellion, Cornwall, England
  • Blencathra Mine, Glenderaterra Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Ball Eye quarry, Bosnal, Derbyshire, England
  • Bannerdale Graphite Mine, Mungrisdale, Cumbria, England
  • Backway Cove, near Trebarwith, Cornwall, England
  • Clevedon Beach, Somerset, England
  • Coldstones Quarry, Greenhow, Yorkshire, England
  • Judkins quarry, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, England
  • Force Crag Mine, Keswick, Cumbria, England
  • Millrigg Mine, Staveley, Cumbria, England
  • Loe Warren zawn, Botallack, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Goldscope Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Ecton Hill,Clayton Adi, Ecton Hill, Staffordshire, England
  • Engine Vein, Alderley Edge, Shropshire, England
  • Emerson Vein, Brandy Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Driggith Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dry Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dirtlow Rake, Castleton, Derbyshire, England
  • Eagle Crag Mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • Duchy Trerew mine, Rosecliston, Newquay, Cornwall, England
  • Masson Hill Quarry, Matlock, Derbyshire, England
  • Milltown Quarry, Ashover, Derbyshire, England
  • Mexico mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Hilton mine, Scordale, Cumbria, England
  • Higher Pitts mine, Priddy, Mendip Hills, Somerset, England
  • Hope's Nose, Tor Bay, Torquay, Devon, England
  • Ladywell mine, Shelve, Shropshire, England
  • Kinniside Mine, Cleaton Moor, Cumbria, England
  • Graphite Mine, Seathwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Glendaterra Lead mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Merehead quarry, near Cranmore, Mendips, Somerset, England
  • Grasshill Mine, Teesdale, Co. Durham, England
  • Greystones quarry, Lezant, Cornwall, England
  • Greenside mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • Glenderaterra Mine, Threlkeld, Cumbria, England
  • Monsols, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Tistoulet mine, Padern, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Les Farges mine, Corrèze, Limousin, France
  • Le Vialas, Lozère, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • La Pacaudière, Le Crozet, Loire, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Mas d'Alary, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Chessy-les-Mines, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Falgayrolles, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Huelgoat, Poullaouen, Brittany, France
  • La Croix mine, Lorraine, France
  • Cap Garonne, Le Pradet, Var, France
  • Erzengel Gabriel mine, Einbachtal, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Daniel mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Winterberg quarry, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Ochsenhütte, Granestausee, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Rammelsberg mine, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Silberbrünnle mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • St. Andreasberg, Hartz Mts, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Trogtal quarry, Lautenthal, Harz, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Kälbelberg, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Glückauf mine, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Glücksrad mine, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Lautenthaler Hütte, Langelsheim, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Christophstal, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Floßberg mine, Bad Lauterberg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Biseschacht am Iberg, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Herzog-Julius-Hütte, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Artenberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilfe Gottes mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Bärensteinbruch quarry, Radautal, Bad Harzburg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Gangzug Prinzbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Anna mine, Oberharmersbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilarion adit, Agios Konstandinos, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Ivigtut, Arsuk Fjord, Greenland
  • Ilimaussaq, West Greenland
  • Nakhlak Mine, Anarak District, Iran
  • Chah Mileh, Anarak District, Iran
  • Ballycormick, Shanagolden, Co. Limerick, Ireland
  • Sheshodonnell East mine, Co. Clare, Ireland
  • Tynagh mine, Co. Galway, Ireland
  • Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Killiney, Co. Dublin, Ireland
  • Ballyhighland mine, Co. Wexford, Ireland
  • Ballycorus mine, Dublin, Co. Dublin, Ireland
  • Ballinafunshoge mine, Glenmalur, Co. Wicklow, Ireland
  • Luganure mines, Glendasan, Co. Wicklow, Ireland
  • Ballacorkish Mine, Colby, Bradda, Isle of Man
  • Seravezza, Tuscany, Italy
  • Zorzone mine, Val Brembana, Lombardy, Italy
  • Carrara, Tuscany, Italy
  • Ahumada & Erupcion mines, Sierra de Los Lamentos, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Mibladen mine, near Midelt, Morocco
  • Uitsab mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb West Vanadium mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb, Namibia
  • Auros, Otavi, Namibia
  • Abaneb West mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kombat mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Berg Aukas, Otavi, Namibia
  • Nosib mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway
  • Uchucchacua District, Dos de mayo Prov., Huanuco Dept., Peru
  • Mutnovskoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Puiva, Saranpual, Polar Urals, Russia
  • Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Rodnikovoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Dodo mine, Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Susannah Mine, Leadhills, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Raiks vein, Broadlaw, Leadhills, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Glengonnar Shaft, Leadhills, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Glencrieff Mine, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Broadlaw Vein, Leadhills, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Horners vein, Leadhills, Scotland
  • Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Strathclyde/Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Meadowfoot Smelter, Wanlockhead, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Belton Grain vein, Wanlockhead, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Hopeful vein, Leadhills, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • High Prin Mine, Wanlock Dod, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Postenje, Serbia
  • Mezica mine, Mezica, Slovenia
  • Argent lead-silver deposit, 100km east of Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Horcajo mines, Ciudad Real, Spain
  • Jakobsberg mine, Filipstad, Nordmark, Värmland, Sweden
  • Mürtschenalp, Glarus, Switzerland
  • Lengenbach quarry, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland
  • Dejbel Ressas, Tunisia
  • Pikes Peak, Teller Co., Colorado, USA
  • Park City & Alta, Clayton Peak, Utah, USA
  • Pittsburg/McClellan Mines, Pope Co., Illinois, USA
  • Pints Quarry/Waterloo lead and zinc Mines, Dubuque, DubuqueCo., Iowa, USA
  • Wheatley mines, near Phoenixville, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • White Mt. Silver & Lead mine, Shelburne, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Uncle Sam Mine, White Signal district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Questa Mine, Taos Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Purple Passion Mine, Wickenberg, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Quick Silver Mine etc, Organ Mts. Area, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Silverton District, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Potter-Cramer claim, Wickenburg, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Old Guard Mine, Tombstone, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Murphy, Cherokee Co., North Carolina, USA
  • NJ Zinc Co./Bertha Mine, Austinville, Wythet Co., Virginia, USA
  • Organ district, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Zinc Hill Mine, Darwin Area, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Wolfton Mine, Leadville District, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Apache Mine, near Globe, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Amethyst lode, Creede, Mineral Co., Colorado, USA
  • Amelia (Gallo) mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • 79 Mine, Banner District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Black Pine Mine, Phillipsburg, Granite Co., Montana, USA
  • Blanchard Mine, Bingham, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Black Rock mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Bob Montgomery Mine, Hidalgo Co., New Mexico
  • Blue Bell Mine, Baker, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Belmont Mine, Tonopah, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Beer Cellar Mine, Granby, Newton Co., Missouri, USA
  • Bald Mt. Area mines, Lead, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Bachelor Mine, Creede, Mineral Co., Colorado, USA
  • Black Butte prospect, Crook Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Altoona, Blair Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Ora Mine, Hansonburg district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Pacific mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Roaring Spring Quarry, Canoe Creek Area, Sinking Valley, Blair Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Revelation mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Redmond Prospect, Haywood Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Rosiclaire, Hardin Co., Illinois, USA
  • Red Cloud Mine, Trego Mts., La Paz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Rawley Mine, Thebna, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Red Cloud Mines, Gallinas Mts., Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Sammy Dog Mine, Silverbell Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Rutherford Mines, Amelia Court House, Virginia, USA
  • Ruby Hill Area, Eureka, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Shirley Ann claim, Big Dodd Spring, Ubehebe distr., Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Sedalia Copper Mine, Sedalia, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Rossie lead mines, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Royal Gorge Area, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Royal Flush Mine, Hansonburg district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Summit Mine, Broadwater Co., Montana, USA
  • Telluride District, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Old Wheatley Mine, Phoenixville, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Old Yuma Mine, Tuscon Area, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Bell mine, Gleeson, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Hill, Davidson Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Silver Hill Mine, Tuescon arera, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Glance mine, Silent district, Arizona, USA
  • Silver Bill mine, Gleeson, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Crown copper district, Laramie Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Silver King Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Showalter Quarry/Blueball Stone Co., East Earle Township/Lancaster, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Tintic Standard mine, Dividend, Utah Co., Utah, USA
  • Sterling Hill and Franklin Furnace, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Stephenson-Bennett mine, Organ District, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • South Juanita Mine, Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Silver Queen Mine, Galena, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Morefield Mine, Winterham, Amelia Co., Virginia, USA
  • Lockport Quarry, Lockport, Niagara Co., New York, USA
  • Grand Reef mine, Laurel Canyon, Aravaipa mining distr., Graham Co., Arizona, USA
  • Liberty Bell and Washington Pass, Okanogan Co., Washington, USA
  • Hickey #1 Mine, Hansonburg district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Italian Mt. Area, Aspen, Gunnison Co., Colorado, USA
  • Hamburg Mine, Trigo Mts., Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Interstate 295 roadcut, Cranston, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Hilltop mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Hill Top Mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Clip mine, Yuma, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Clegg Mine, Bennett, Chatam Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Chloride mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Chino ore body, Central Mining District, Grant Co., Nevada, USA
  • Chicago Mine, Igo, Shasta Co., California, USA
  • Durant Tunnel, Aspen Mtn Area, Pitkin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Durango, La Plata Co., Colorado, USA
  • Liberty Copper/Dolly Hyde Copper Mines, Libertytown, Fredrick Co., Maryland, USA
  • Joplin, Jasper Co., Missouri, USA
  • Great Southern Mine, Wickenberg, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Granite Gap, Hidalgo Co., New Mexico, USA
  • General Area, Franklin, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Galena King Mine, Tijeras Canyon district, Bernalillo Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Galena General Area, Jo Davies Co., Illinois, USA
  • Gillman District, Colorado, USA
  • Grand Deposit mine, White Pine Co., Nevada, USA
  • Granby, Newton Co., Missouri, USA
  • Gold Quarry mine, Carlin Trend, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Gold Hill mine, Tooele Co., Utah, USA
  • General Area, Picher/Commerce/Quapaw/Miami/Peoria, Ottowa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Glove Mine, San Rita Mts., Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
  • La Motte/Missouri Cobalt Mine, Fredrick, Madison Co., Missouri, USA
  • KellyMine, Magdalena, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Kelley Mine, Magdalena District, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Courtland-Gleeson District, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Dives mine, La Paz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Lordsburg, Hildago Co., New Mexico, USA
  • May Flower Mine, Socorro Peak district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Marion/Salem/Princeton, Crittendon Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Manhan mines, Easthampton, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Mascot Mine, Gorham, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Mex-Tex mine, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Mohawk mine, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Mistake Mine, Wickenburg, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Memphis Mine, Organ district, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Mendevil mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Lubec Lead mine, Lubec, Washington Co., Maine, USA
  • Mammoth-St. Anthony mine, Tiger, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Madison Lead mine, Madison, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Lillian Mining Co., Printerboy Hill, Leadville, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Loudville Lead Mine, Loudville, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Matchless, Leadville District, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • East Tintic Mine, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Crestmore Quarry, Crestmore, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Bunker Hill mine, Kellogg, Shoshone Co., Idaho, USA
  • C & B Vanadium Mine, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Chalk Mountain Mine, Fallon Area, Churchill Co., Nevada, USA
  • Cerro Gordo Mine, Cerro Gordo, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Canoe Creek, Blair Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Callahan mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Little Three mine, Ramona district, San Diego Co., California, USA
  • Flux Mine, Harshaw District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Eight Mile Park, Eight Mile Park pegmatite district, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Eagle Mine, Bonanza mining district, Saguache Co., Colorado, USA
  • Esterbrook copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Faber Zinc Mine, Faber, Albe Marle Co., Virginia, USA
  • Fat Jack mine, Lane Mt., Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Fernando Mine/etc, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Florence mine, Pinal Co. and Pack Rat Claim, Wickenburg, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Ystrad Einion Mine, Furnace, Ysgubor-y-coed, Dyfed, Wales
  • Aberdaunant Mine, Nr. Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Llangynog Mine, Llangynog, Powys, Wales
  • Dolyhir Quarry, Powys, Wales
  • Minera (mines), Wrexham, Wales
  • Henfwlch Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Glogfawr Mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgair Mwyn Mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Upper Gwnnws,Dyfed, Wales
  • Bwlchrehennaid Mine (Level Newydd), Goginan, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Penybanc Mine, Talybont, Llangynfelyn, Dyfed, Wales
  • Penycefn Mine, Talybont,Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Penrhiw mine, Ystumtuen, Dyfed, Wales
  • Snowbrook Mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Siglenlas Mine, Llangurig, Wales
  • Penrhyn Du Mine, Nr. Abersoch, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Nantymwyn Mine, Rhandirmwyn, Llandovery, Dyfed, Wales
  • Nant-y-Car Mine, Rhayader, Powys, Wales
  • Nant-y-Cagel mine (Eagle Brook), Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Mynydd Gorddu Mine, Bontgoch, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Plynlimon Mine, Ponterwyd, Dyfed, Wales
  • Penbontbren Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Devil's Bridge, Cardiganshire, Wales
  • Darren Mine, Penbontrhydybeddau, Parcel Canol, Dyfed, Wales
  • Cyffty Mine, Betws-y-Coed, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Brynyrafr Mine, Talybont, Trefeirig, Dyfed, Wales
  • Frongoch, ??
  • Bodcoll Mine, Devil's Bridge, Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn, Dyfed, Wales
  • Florida Mine, Pontrhydfendigaid, Dyfed, Wales
  • Dylife Mine, Dylife, Machynlleth, Powys, Wales
  • Frongoch Mine, Pontrhydygroes, Dyfed, Wales
  • Machen Quarry, Machen, Mid Glamorgan, Wales
  • Dyfngwm mine, Penegoes, Powys, Wales
  • Brynarian Mine, Talybont, Llangynfelyn, Dyfed, Wales
  • Aberffrwdd Mine, Devil's Bridge, Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn, Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgair Hir mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Llettyhen Mine (Vaughan), Bontgoch, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Bwlch Glas Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Llywernog Mine, Ponterwyd, Dyfed, Wales
  • Geufron Mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Llwynmalus mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Upper Lledrod, Dyfed, Wales
  • Hafan Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Llanrwst Mine, Llanrwst, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Llechwedd Helyg mine, Tir-y-Mynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Logau-las-Lode, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Dyfed, Wales
  • East Glogfawr mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Dyfed, Wales
  • Kipushi mine, Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Mindouli, Congo, Zaire
  • Sanda mine, Mindouli Region, Congo, Zaire
  • Broken Hill mine, Kabwe, Zambia


Bibliografía y más información

Mineral Magazine, vol. 36, p.632, (1968)

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