Malaquita

Características generales


Datos generales


Fórmula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Sistema de cristalización: Monoclínico
Lustre: Vítreo, sedoso
Color: Verde
Dureza: 3,5-4
Rareza: común
Características distintivas: Color, dureza, asociaciones y reacción al ácido.
La malaquita es un carbonato hidratado de cobre que cristaliza en el sistema monoclínico. Aparte de ser el mineral secundario de cobre más común, es sin duda es uno de los materiales ornamentales más importantes. Basta recordar las espléndidas columnas que hay en la iglesia de San Isaac en San Petersburgo o las que pertenecieron al templo de Diana de Éfeso, que en la actualidad se encuentran en Santa Sofía de Estambul. En 1835, cerca de Nizni Tagli, en los Urales septentrionales, se encontró un bloque de malaquita de un peso estimado entre 25 y 30 toneladas, utilizado posteriormente por los lapidarios del zar. Ha sido encontrada en numerosos yacimientos arqueológicos asiáticos y europeos en forma de fragmentos pulidos y perforados, de hace unos 8000 años.


Fotografías

Puedes ver 8 fotografías de Malaquita en su galería de fotografías.

Clasificación

Estado IMA: Válido. Descrito con antelación a 1959 (pre-IMA), se considera un mineral clásico o histórico (grandfathered)

Nickel-Strunz : 05.BA.10
  • 5: Carbonatos (nitratos)
  • 05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O
  • 05.BA: Con Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Mg, Mn

Dana 8th ed. : 16a.3.2.1

Etimología:

Deriva de la palabra griega malache que significa malva, por alusión a su color verde.



Formación y ambiente

La malaquita se forma predominantemente en la zona de alteración superficial de los yacimientos de cobre debido a la precipitación del compuesto a partir de aguas ricas en carbonato de calcio e iones de cobre, estos últimos derivados de la alteración y disolución de sulfuros y óxido de cobre.

Gossans, secundario

Propiedades fisicas

Hábito: La malaquita se presenta normalmente en masas botroidales y estalactíticas o en costras; suelen presentar una estructura en bandas con disposición fibrosa radiada, zonada o concéntrico, en masas de espesores variados desde pocos milímetros hasta algunos decímetros. Raramente aparece en cristales.

Lustre: Vítreo, sedoso

Transparencia: Translúcido, Opaco

Color: Verde

Color en sección fina: Incolora

Raya: Verde clara

Dureza (Mohs): 3,5-4

Tenacidad: Frágil

Exfoliación::
  • Primera exfoliación: Perfecta en [201]
  • Segunda exfoliación: Perfecta en [010]
  • Tercera exfoliación: Perfecta


Fractura: Desigual

Densidad: 3,6-4 g/cm3 (medida) | 4,03 g/cm3 (calculada)

Cristalografía

Sistema cristalino: Monoclínico

Clase (H-M): 2m (2/m) - Prismática

Grupo espacial: P2(1)/a

Parámetros de la celda: a=9,502Å b=11,974Å c=3,24Å

Estructura del cristal: β=98,75º

Volumen de unidad de celda: V 364,35Å

Z: 4

Difracción de Rayos X:
Difracción de Rayos X
D(hkl)Intensidad
2,857100
3,69385
5,05575

Propiedades ópticas

Tipo: Biaxial (-)

Valores RI: nα= 1,655; nβ= 1,875; nγ= 1,909

2V: medida: 43º

Máxima birrefringencia: δ = 0,254

Dispersión: Moderada, r<v

Pleocroismo: Pleiocroico

X: Casi incoloro
Y: Verde amarillento
Z: Verde oscuro



Reflectancia:
Reflectancia
D(hkl)Intensidad
470.06,45
546.06,3
589.06,15
650.05,9


Propiedades químicas

Fórmula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2

Elementos químicos: Cu, C, O, H

Composición química: H: 0,91%, CO3: 27,13%, O: 36,18%, C: 5,43%, Cu: 57,48%,

Tests químicos

Fusibilidad: 2; Mineral tipo: Natrolita; Punto de fusión: 800ºC; Funde con mechero de gas
Reacción a los ácidos: Se disuelve con efervescencia en ácido clorhídrico.
Color de la llama: Verde
Formación de sublimados: Se funde en glóbulos metálicos



Relaciones con otros minerales

Minerales acompañantes:

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
Antlerita7. Sulfatos
07.B: Sulfatos (selenatos, etc.) con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
AtacamitaAtacamita3. Haluros
03.D: Oxihaluros, hidroxihaluros y haluros con doble enlace

Cu2(OH)3Cl
AuricalcitaAuricalcita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AzuritaAzurita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
BornitaBornita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.B: Sulfuros con metal, M:S > 1:1 (principalmente 2:1)

Cu5FeS4
BrochantitaBrochantita7. Sulfatos
07.B: Sulfatos (selenatos, etc.) con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
CalcitaCalcita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaCO3
ChalcophyllitaChalcophyllita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.D: Fosfatos, etc

Cu18Al2(SO4)3(AsO4)3(OH)24·36H2O
CalcopiritaCalcopirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

CuFeS2
Chalcosiderita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.D: Fosfatos, etc

Cu(Fe3+,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O
CrisocolaCrisocola9. Silicatos
09.E: Filosilicatos

Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4·nH2O
ClinoclasaClinoclasa8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.B: Fosfatos, etc. con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Conichalcita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.B: Fosfatos, etc. con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
CobreCobre1. Elementos nativos
01.A: Metales y Aleaciones de metales

Cu
Cornetita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.B: Fosfatos, etc. con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
CupritaCuprita4. Óxidos
04.A: Metal:Oxígeno = 2.1 y 1:1

Cu2O
DuftitaDuftita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.B: Fosfatos, etc. con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
GoethitaGoethita4. Óxidos
04.F: Hidróxidos (sin V ni U)

α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graemita4. Óxidos
04.J: Arsenitos, Antimonitos, Bismutitos, Sulfitos

Cu[TeO3]·H2O
Kolwezita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
LibethenitaLibethenita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.B: Fosfatos, etc. con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

Cu2(PO4)(OH)
LimonitaLimonita4. Óxidos
04.F: Hidróxidos (sin V ni U)

FeO(OH)·nH2O
Liroconita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.D: Fosfatos, etc

Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4·4H2O
MixitaMixita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.D: Fosfatos, etc

BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6·3H2O
Mottramita8. Fosfatos, arsenatos y vanadatos
08.B: Fosfatos, etc. con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

PbCu(VO4)(OH)
CuarzoCuarzo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

SiO2
RosasitaRosasita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.B: Carbonatos con aniones adicionales, sin H2O

(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
ShattuckitaShattuckita9. Silicatos
09.D: Inosilicatos

Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Sphaerocobaltita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CoCO3




Yacimientos y localidades de interés

Yacimientos:

En otros tiempos la malaquita fue explotada en los Montes Urales y en Egipto. En la actualidad procede de Australi, Zaire, Arizona, Francia y Alemania. En España Aparece con pirita en los Montes de Picón en Pino (La Coruña), Monforte (Lugo) y Villarín (Orense), en Onís, la Sierra del Aramo, Cabrales e Inflesto en Asturias; importantes yacimientos de malaquita acompañan a minerales de zinc en Soto y Reinosa (Cantabria); en masas concrecionadas de hermosos cristales radiados en Villamanín (León), importantes son las minas de Estalaya y Baños de Cerrato, en Palencia. Excelentes ejemplares se han extraído en Linares. De forma fibrosa en Hinojosa del Duque y Torrecampo (Córdoba), Aznalcollar, Guillena y Peñaflor (Sevilla), Ríotinto y Tharsis (Huelva), Motril y Molvizar (Granada) y Fondón (Almería), en donde se halla en cristales tabulares formando drusas. Con cinabrio en Notaez (Granada) y cerca de Maro (Málaga). En sierra de Almagrera en el Barranco del Jaroso, Cerro Minado, en Huércal Overa, Sierra Enmedio, Gran Bacares y Sierra de los Filabres (Almería) se han encontrado masas fibrosas de este mineral acompañando a las menas de cobre allí existentes.

Localidades

  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Wallaroo mines, South Australia, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Mineral Hill, Condobalin, New South Wales, Australia
  • Lake Boga quarry, Victoria, Australia
  • Kara mine, Hampshire, Tasmania, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Browns Claim, Rum Jungle, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Mt Bischoff, Waratah, Tasmania, Australia
  • Morass Creek, Benambra, Victoria, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Wallaroo mines, South Australia, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Bischoff, Waratah, Tasmania, Australia
  • Morass Creek, Benambra, Victoria, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Browns Claim, Rum Jungle, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Kara mine, Hampshire, Tasmania, Australia
  • Lake Boga quarry, Victoria, Australia
  • Mineral Hill, Condobalin, New South Wales, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Browns Claim, Rum Jungle, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Browns Claim, Rum Jungle, Northern Territory, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Kara mine, Hampshire, Tasmania, Australia
  • Lake Boga quarry, Victoria, Australia
  • Mineral Hill, Condobalin, New South Wales, Australia
  • Morass Creek, Benambra, Victoria, Australia
  • Mt Bischoff, Waratah, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Wallaroo mines, South Australia, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Bischoff, Waratah, Tasmania, Australia
  • Whim Creek, Pilbara region, Western Australia, Australia
  • Wallaroo mines, South Australia, Australia
  • Great Australia mine, Cloncurry, Mt Isa/Cloncurry region, Queensland, Australia
  • Morass Creek, Benambra, Victoria, Australia
  • Mineral Hill, Condobalin, New South Wales, Australia
  • Lake Boga quarry, Victoria, Australia
  • Kara mine, Hampshire, Tasmania, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Cobalt, Queensland, Australia
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Obergreuth, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Obergreuth, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Obergreuth, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Obergreuth, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Argenteau, Liege, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • Corocoro, Pacajes, La Paz, Bolivia
  • El Dragón mine, Quijarro, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Seabra, Bahia, Brazil
  • Boqueirãozinho pegmatite, Parelhas, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
  • Evans-Lou pegmatite, near St-Pierre-de-Wakefield, Portland Twp., Papineau Co., Québec, Canada
  • Lac Nicolet mine, Ham Sud, Wolfe Co., Québec, Canada
  • Port Radium, Northwest Territories, Canada
  • Guangdong, Sichuan Province, China
  • Hütte, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Horni Slavkov, Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • Litce nad Orlici, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Krasna Hora nad Vltavou, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Krupka, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Borovec, Zdar nad Sazavou, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Doubravice, Jicin, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Alexander Gallery, Vrancice, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Moldava, Teplice, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Zálesí deposit, Javorník, Moravia, Czech Republic
  • Studenec, Jilemnice, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Geevor mine, Trewellard, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Force Crag Mine, Keswick, Cumbria, England
  • Goldscope Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Glenderaterra Mine, Threlkeld, Cumbria, England
  • Engine Vein, Alderley Edge, Shropshire, England
  • Gipsy Lane Brickpit, Leicestershire, England
  • Tynebottom mine, Garrigill, Cumbria, England
  • Seathwaite Mine, Seathwaite Tarn. Conist, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Drea, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Todd Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Cock, Botallack, St. Just., Cornwall, England
  • Smittergill Head Mine, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Buller, Redruth, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Ecton Hill,Clayton Adi, Ecton Hill, Staffordshire, England
  • Anty Cross Mine, Dalton in Furness, Cumbria, England
  • Higher Roughton Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dry Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Great Sled Dale, Swaledale, Yorkshire, England
  • Greystones quarry, Lezant, Cornwall, England
  • Hope's Nose, Tor Bay, Torquay, Devon, England
  • Gunheath China Clay Pit, Stenalees, St.Austell, Cornwall, England
  • Gunheath pit, Bugle, Hensbarrow Moor, Cornwall, England
  • Judkins quarry, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, England
  • Ladywell mine, Shelve, Shropshire, England
  • Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Graphite Mine, Seathwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Eskett mine, Cumbria, England
  • Eagle Crag Mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Trevinnick mine, St. Kew, Cornwall, England
  • Wood mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Tilberthwaite Gill, Tilberthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Stoneycroft smelter, Braithwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Slayley Quarry, Bonsal, Derbyshire, England
  • Wheal Gorland, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwinear, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Phoenix, Linkinhorne, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Friendship, Mary Tavy, Devon, England
  • Smallcleugh mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Silver Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Jewel, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Ting-Tang mine, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Stormy point, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Yewthwaite Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Thief Gills, Roughtongill, Cumbria, England
  • Waterbank mine, Ecton, Staffordshire, England
  • Wetgrooves Mine, Aysgarth, Yorkshire, England
  • Wet Smale Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Vale Road Quarry, Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire, England
  • West Pastures Mine, Stanhope, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • West Mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Shap Blue Quarry, Shap, Cumbria, England
  • West Caradon mine, St. Cleer, Cornwall, England
  • Shap Pink Quarry, Shap, Cumbria, England
  • Sea Wood Mine, Bardsea, Ulverstone, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Bassett, Redruth, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • South Caradon mine, St. Cleer, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Higher Pitts mine, Priddy, Mendip Hills, Somerset, England
  • Mexico mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Isolation Mine, Snelstone Nr Ashbourne, Derbyshire, England
  • Mottram St.Andrew, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Millrigg Mine, Staveley, Cumbria, England
  • Lanterdan quarry, Treknow, Tintagel, Cornwall, England
  • New Cliffe Hill quarry, Markfield, Leicestershire, England
  • New East Wheal Russel, near Tavistock, Devon, England
  • New Venture Level, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Newdigate Colliery, Nr. Bedworth, Warwickshire, England
  • Middleton Common, Middleton-by-Youlgreave, Derbyshire, England
  • Myers Head Mine, Hartsop, Cumbria, England
  • Colemans Quarry, Holwell, Nr. Frome, Somerset, England
  • Bannerdale Graphite Mine, Mungrisdale, Cumbria, England
  • Polzeath Consols, St. Minver, Cornwall, England
  • Potts Gill Copper Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Roughton Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Loe Warren zawn, Botallack, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Low Pike Vein, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Low Pike north slopes, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Levers Water, Coniston, Cumbria, England
  • Paddy End Mine, Coniston, Cumbria, England
  • Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • Penhale mine, St. Cleer, Cornwall, England
  • Penhale mine, Wadebridge, Cornwall, England
  • Old Gunnislake mine, Calstock, Cornwall, England
  • Open cast Mine, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Old Sandbeds Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Old Potts Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Bampfylde Mine, Heasley Mill, Devon, England
  • Clevedon Beach, Somerset, England
  • Bonsall Moor Quarry, Winster, Derbyshire, England
  • Brandy Gill Lead mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Brae Fell mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Batts Coombe Quarry, Cheddar, Somerset, England
  • Carrock End mine (Queen mine), Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Carn Brea, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Bin Combe, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Carrock mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Cannington Park Quarry, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Carharrack mine, St Day, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Hilton mine, Scordale, Cumbria, England
  • Hay Gill Copper mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Herodsfoot mine, Lanreath, Cornwall, England
  • Black Scar Workings, Levers Water, Cumbria, England
  • Brandelhow Mine, Brandlehow, Cumbria, England
  • Barden Hill Quarry, Coalville, Leicestershire, England
  • Dodington mine, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Dolcoath mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Doc Mine, Stormy Point, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Driggith Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Coniston Copper Mines, Coniston, Cumbria, England
  • Bamfylde mine, Devon, England
  • Ball Eye quarry, Bosnal, Derbyshire, England
  • Crossgill Mine, Frizington, Cumbria, England
  • Dale Head Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Brownley Hill Pb-Zn mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Buckbarrow Beck Veins, Waberthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Brandholme Mine, Glenderaterra Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Monsols, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Rabéjac quarry, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Cap Garonne, Le Pradet, Var, France
  • Mas d'Alary, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Huelgoat, Poullaouen, Brittany, France
  • Bousiéyas, Alpes-Maritimes, France
  • Le Vialas, Lozère, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Roua mine, Guillaumes, Alpes-Maritimes, France
  • Tistoulet mine, Padern, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Trimouns Talc mine, Ariège, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Falgayrolles, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Chessy-les-Mines, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • La Pacaudière, Le Crozet, Loire, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Stahlberg mine, Kohlberg, Trusetal, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Ochsenhütte, Granestausee, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • St. Andreasberg, Hartz Mts, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Daniel mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Anna mine, Oberharmersbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Anton mine, Heubachtal, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Eberhard mine, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Nesselgrund quarry, Schnellbach, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Artenberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Wenzel mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Friedenstein mine, Ruhla, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Gangzug Prinzbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Floßberg mine, Bad Lauterberg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Uranlagerstatte Mullenbach, Baden-Baden, Germany
  • Alte Gabe Gottes, Reinerzau, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Ferdinand mine, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Amalienstollen mine, Nordrachtal, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Geigeshalde / Falkenstein, Schramberg, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Glücksrad mine, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Glückauf mine, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Waldstadion, Schramberg, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kirchheimerstollen, Müllenbach, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Königswart, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Winterberg quarry, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Silberbrünnle mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Christophstal, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Clara mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Otto mine, Schottenhöfen, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Schweina-Glücksbrunn, Bad Liebenstein, Eisenach, Thüringen, Germany
  • Rammelsberg mine, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Rötenbach quarry, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Biseschacht am Iberg, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Bärensteinbruch quarry, Radautal, Bad Harzburg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Herzog-Julius-Hütte, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Michelsberg mine, Gutachtal, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilfe Gottes mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Kochenfeld mine, Trusetal, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Kafersteige mine, Pforzheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Lautenthaler Hütte, Langelsheim, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Johannis Segen mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hallwangen, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hennenloch mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hühn mine, Trusetal, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Hechtsberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Johann mine, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Beach mine, Sounion, Attica, Greece
  • Kamaréza Central mine, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Hilarion adit, Agios Konstandinos, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Chondro Vuono, Milos, Kikladhes, Southern Aegean, Greece
  • Ivigtut, Arsuk Fjord, Greenland
  • Winterswijk, Gelderland, Holland
  • Rudabanya, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Hungary
  • Killiney, Co. Dublin, Ireland
  • Ross Island, Lough Leane, Co. Kerry, Ireland
  • Dhurode, Co. Cork, Ireland
  • Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Cappagh mine, Ballydehob, Co. Cork, Ireland
  • Coosheen mine, Ballydehob, Co. Cork, Ireland
  • Tynagh mine, Co. Galway, Ireland
  • South Bradda Mine, Port Erin, Bradda Head, Isle of Man
  • Ballacorkish Mine, Colby, Bradda, Isle of Man
  • North Bradda Mine, Port Erin, Bradda Head, Isle of Man
  • Seravezza, Tuscany, Italy
  • Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Is Murvonis Mine, Domusnovas, Iglesias district, Sardinia, Italy
  • Mount Vesuvius, Naples, Campania, Italy
  • Monte Copello-Reppia Prospect, Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Carrara, Tuscany, Italy
  • Taehwa mine, Neungam-ri, Angseong-myeon, Chungju, Chungcheongbukdo, South Korea
  • Khaidarkan deposit, Kyrgyzstan
  • Chaidarkan, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Chauvay, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Concepcion de Oro, Zacatecas, Mexico
  • Matehuala, San Luis Potosi, Mexico
  • Mina Ojuela, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico
  • Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico
  • Hidalgo de Parral, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Batopilas district, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Boleo, Santa Rosalia, Baja California, Mexico
  • Bou Skour mine, Jebel Sarhro, Ouarzazate, Morocco
  • Touissit, Oujda, Morocco
  • Sidi Ayed, Mid Atlas Mts., Morocco
  • Nosib mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kombat mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Guchab-Rodgerberg area, Otavi, Namibia
  • Abaneb West mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Finsterbergen Prospect, Otavi, Namibia
  • Emke mine, Ongonja, Namibia
  • Berg Aukas, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb, Namibia
  • Tsumeb West Vanadium mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tschudi mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway
  • Naesmark Gruve, Amdals Verk, Tokke, Telemark, Norway
  • Buö, Arendal, Froland, Aust-Agder, Norway
  • Evje-Ivedal, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway
  • Mutnovskoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Dodo mine, Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Puiva, Saranpual, Polar Urals, Russia
  • Rodnikovoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Kilmartin Copper Mine, Argyll & Bute, Scotland
  • Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Strathclyde/Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Loanhead quarry, near Beith, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Carsaig Bay, Carsaig, Isle of Mull, Scotland
  • Caulkerbush, Dalbeattie, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Wha Taing, Burray Isle, Orkney, Scotland
  • Coire Buidhe, Glen Creran, Argyll & Bute, Scotland
  • Kilchrist Marble Quarries, near Broadford, Isle of Skye, Scotland
  • Colvend Mine, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Sligachan quarry, Sligachan, Isle of Skye, Scotland
  • Meadowfoot Smelter, Wanlockhead, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Auchencat Burn, Nr. Moffat, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Horners vein, Leadhills, Scotland
  • Hartfield Moss, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Waygate Shaft, Straitstep Vein, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Rhuba a'Mhill, Isle of Islay, Scotland
  • Iron/copper trial, Kilchrist, Broadford, Isle of Skye, Scotland
  • Boyleston Quarry, Barrhead, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Dollar Mine, Central Scotland, Scotland
  • Mannoch Hill Mine, Lesmahgow, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • Pezinok Mine, Malé Karpaty Mts, Slovakia
  • N'Chwaning II mine, Kalahari, Cape Province, South Africa
  • Messina, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Horcajo mines, Ciudad Real, Spain
  • Rio Tinto mines, Huelva, Spain
  • Sierra del Cadi, Lerida, Spain
  • Mt Cherbadung, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland
  • Mürtschenalp, Glarus, Switzerland
  • Lengenbach quarry, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland
  • Cavradi-Schlucht, Graubünden, Switzerland
  • Clay Mine, Morenci, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Callahan mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Campbell shaft, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Carpenter Mine, New Albany, Bradford Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Centennial Eureka mine, Tintic distr., Juab Co, Utah, USA
  • Centennial Mine, Calumet, Houghton Co., Michigan, USA
  • Chalk Mountain Mine, Spruce Pine, Mitchell Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Chester Emery mine, Chester, Hampden Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Chino ore body, Central Mining District, Grant Co., Nevada, USA
  • Copper Hill Area mines, Ducktown, Polk Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Christmas Mine, Hayden, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Denny Mountain Area, King Co., Washington, USA
  • Cornwall, Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Crystal Pass, Ray, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mohawk mine, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Monte Cristo District, Snohomish Co., Washington, USA
  • Monumemt Valley #1 Mine, Monument Valley Area, Coconino Co., Arizona, USA
  • Morenci, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Copper Knob Mine, Ashenty, North Carolina, USA
  • Copper Mt pegmatite district, Fremont Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Copper Prince mine, Crook Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Copper Rock/Ward District, Nederland, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Courtland-Gleeson District, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Crestmore Quarry, Crestmore, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Crisman, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Clegg Mine, Bennett, Chatam Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Cliff mine, near Eagle Harbor, Keweenaw Co., Michigan, USA
  • General Area, Jasper & Newton counties, Missouri, USA
  • Grandview mine, Grand Canyon, Coconino Co., Arizona, USA
  • Galena/Baxter Springs/Lawton, Cherokee Co., Kansas, USA
  • Hanover #2 mine, Hanover-Fierro district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Hartville iron-copper district, Platte Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Hartville Uplift Copper district, Goshen Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Hilltop mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Osceola/Mohawk/Iroquois/Clark/Delaware Mine etc, Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA
  • Esterbrook copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Iron Blossom Mine, Tintic District, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Dexter quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Grand Reef mine, Laurel Canyon, Aravaipa mining distr., Graham Co., Arizona, USA
  • Grand Deposit mine, White Pine Co., Nevada, USA
  • Goshen, Lane Co., Oregon, USA
  • Clifton, Arizona, USA
  • Clifton, Tooele Co., Utah, USA
  • Clip mine, Yuma, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Cole shaft, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Colorado Mine, Morenci District, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Conklin quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Chloride mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Granite Creek, Lolo Hot Springs Area (MIssoula arae), Granite Co., Montana, USA
  • Globe, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Gold Hill District, Gold Hill, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Gold Hill mine, Tooele Co., Utah, USA
  • Diamond Hill/Sneech Pond Copper Mines, Cumberland, Rhode Island, USA
  • Mineral, Mineral Co., Virginia, USA
  • West York, York Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Majuba Hill mine, Pershing Co., Nevada, USA
  • Mammoth-St. Anthony mine, Tiger, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Manhan Lead Silver Mine, Southampton, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Lubec Lead mine, Lubec, Washington Co., Maine, USA
  • Italian Mt. Area, Aspen, Gunnison Co., Colorado, USA
  • Jarilla Mountains, Orogrande District, Otero Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Jay Gould Mine Wood River District, Bellevue, Blaine Co., Idaho, USA
  • Jelm Mt copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Jensen Quarry, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Jomac Uranium mine, San Juan Co., Utah, USA
  • Jones Mine, Caernarvon Township, Berks Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Magruder mica Mine, Washington, Wilkes Co., Georgia, USA
  • Magma Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • White Camp Area, Utah, USA
  • Mackay, Custer Co., Idaho, USA
  • Orogrande, Otero Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Liberty Copper/Dolly Hyde Copper Mines, Libertytown, Fredrick Co., Maryland, USA
  • Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Live Oak Mine, Inspiration, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Loon Lake, Stevens Co., Washington, USA
  • Loudville Lead Mine, Loudville, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Lexington, Davidson Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Lusk, Wyoming, USA
  • Lewis/Adams/Washington/NezPerce/Idaho Counties, Seven Devils Mining District, Idaho, USA
  • Josephine Creek, Galice District, Josephine Co., Oregon, USA
  • Liberty Bell and Washington Pass, Okanogan Co., Washington, USA
  • Old Dominium, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Old Wheatley Mine, Phoenixville, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Old Yuma Mine, Tuscon Area, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Omega Mine, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mex-Tex mine, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Holmes, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Mascot Mine, Gorham, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • McLaughlin's Ledge, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Memphis Mine, Organ district, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Marion, Smyth Co., Virginia, USA
  • mica Lode/Meyers/School Section Mines/etc, Royal Gorge Area, El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Okimah, Okfuskee Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • New Rambler copper-gold-platinum district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Marion/Salem/Princeton, Crittendon Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Keystone-Douglas Creek gold-copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Kirwin copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • La Motte/Missouri Cobalt Mine, Fredrick, Madison Co., Missouri, USA
  • La Sal, San Jean Co., Utah, USA
  • Laurel Hill (Snake Hill), Secaucus/Bergen Hill Area, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Lavender Open Pit Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Nacimiento Mine, Sandoval Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Manton, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Mountain City Copper Mine, Elko Co., Nevada, USA
  • Morenci-Metcalf, Clifton, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mineral Mts. Area, Milford, Beaver Co., Utah, USA
  • Victory Mine, Cave-in-Rock, Hardin Co., Illinois, USA
  • Sneech Pond Copper mine, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Snow/Sackett/Marcia/Old/Melvin/Wright Mines etc, Chester, Hampden Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Torpedo Mine, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Tilly Foster Mine, Brewster, Putnam Co., New York, USA
  • South Juanita Mine, Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Southwest mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Sterling Hill and Franklin Furnace, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Stinkingwater copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Strong copper mine, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Butte General Area, Montana, USA
  • Caballos Mts., Caballo, Sierra Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Silver Hill, Davidson Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Silver Hill Mine, Tuescon arera, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Crown copper district, Laramie Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Waldo District, Josephine Co., Oregon, USA
  • Shirley Ann claim, Big Dodd Spring, Ubehebe distr., Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Sunburst Mine, Surry, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Wilson's Quarry, Plainfield, Union Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Wood Copper Mine, micaville, Cleburne Co., Alabama, USA
  • Zaca Mine, Monitor-Mogal District, Alpine Co., California, USA
  • Zinc Hill Mine, Darwin Area, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Westmorelan, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Silver Cliff mine, Niobrara Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Silver Coin Mine, Humboldt Co., Nevada, USA
  • American Copper Mine, Bridgewater, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Bound Brook Quarry, Bridgewater, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Apache Mine, near Globe, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Arlington Quarry etc, Leesburg, Loudoun Co., Virginia, USA
  • Asbestos Peak, Globe, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Bachelor Mine, Creede, Mineral Co., Colorado, USA
  • Bagley Ledge/Galand/Larrabec/Luchance Mines, Brunswick Township, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Alaska mine, Seven Devils district, Adams Co., Idaho, USA
  • Beacon Pole Hill/Iron Mine Hill/Diamond Hill etc, Cumberland Area, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Benson Mines, Newton Falls/Star Lake, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Bigger Pegmatite/Malachite Mines, Morrison, Jefferson Co., Colorado, USA
  • Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Black Pine Mine, Phillipsburg, Granite Co., Montana, USA
  • Andover Iron Mines, Andover, Morris Co., New York, USA
  • Amethyst lode, Creede, Mineral Co., Colorado, USA
  • Bayer-Mingolla Quarry, Ashland, Norfolk Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • 79 Mine, Banner District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Blanchard Mine, Bingham, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Blue Bell Mine, Baker, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Blue Berry Mt., Woburn, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Blue Mountain, Virginia, USA
  • Blueball mine, near Globe, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Bob Montgomery Mine, Hidalgo Co., New Mexico
  • Bridgeport Dolomite Quarry, Bridgeport, Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Bristol Copper Mine, Bristol, Hartford Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Bristol Silver Mine, Pioche, Lincoln Co., Nevada, USA
  • Burro Mountain Area, Central District, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Bare Hills, Baltimore, Baltimore Co., Maryland, USA
  • Unionville, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Dome Rock Mts. Area, La Paz, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Ore Knob Copper Mine, Ashe, Ashe Co., North Carolina, USA
  • San Manuel mine, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Bell mine, Gleeson, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Ruby Hill Area, Eureka, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Rush, Marion Co., Arkansas, USA
  • Ross Hannibal mine, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Saginaw Hill, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Rose mine, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • San Pedro Mine, Hiriart Hill, San Diego Co., California, USA
  • Santa Rita mine, Silver City, New Mexico, USA
  • Santa Rita Pit, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Elk Knob, Boone, Watauga Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Galena King Mine, Tijeras Canyon district, Bernalillo Co., New Mexico, USA
  • French Creek Mines, Knauertown, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Durango, La Plata Co., Colorado, USA
  • East Tintic Mine, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Eberle Mine, Cobb, Iowa Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • General Area, Picher/Commerce/Quapaw/Miami/Peoria, Ottowa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Encampment copper district, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Czar shaft, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Evergreen mine, near Apex, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Fat Jack mine, Lane Mt., Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Fernando Mine/etc, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Rusk Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Franciscan Formation, Panoche Valley, California, USA
  • Scotty Mine, Newry Township, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Union Copper/Pioneers/Cosley's/McMalzin's etc, Area mines, Cabarrus Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Ray mine, Pina Co., Arizona, USA
  • Red Cloud Mine, Trego Mts., La Paz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Red Mountain District, Mendocino Co., California, USA
  • Redmond Prospect, Haywood Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Reed/Bechtel/Snively/Russel/Bingham, Adams Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Renfro Valley, Rockcastle Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Reymert Mine, Near Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Providence, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • White Mt. Silver & Lead mine, Shelburne, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Trail Creek mine area, Converse Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Twin Buttes, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Bill mine, Gleeson, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Quarry, Rocky Hill, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Royal Gorge Area, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Sedalia Copper Mine, Sedalia, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Shattuck mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Sheep Mt mine, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Sherman Mine, Leadville, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Sacramento pit, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Rawley Mine, Thebna, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Paoli Area, Garvin Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Parrot Jasper Mine, Milton, Chittenden Co., Vermont, USA
  • Payson, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Peach Bottom Mine, Stratford, Alleghany Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Perry Trapprock locality, Perry, Washington Co., Maine, USA
  • Phelps Dodge Morenci Mine, Morenci, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
  • Frongoch, ??
  • Great Ormes Head Mine, Llandudno, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Great Ormes Head Mine, Llandudno, Wales
  • Gwaith Yr Afon mine, Penbontrhydybeddau, Trefeirig, Dyfed, Wales
  • Hafan Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Hendre Felen Mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Dyfed, Wales
  • Henfwlch Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgairfraith Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgair Mwyn Mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Upper Gwnnws,Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgair Hir mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Dylife Mine, Dylife, Machynlleth, Powys, Wales
  • Geufron Mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Machen Quarry, Machen, Mid Glamorgan, Wales
  • Lodge Park Trial, Tre'r-ddol,Dyfed, Wales
  • Llettyhen Mine (Vaughan), Bontgoch, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Llangynog Mine, Llangynog, Powys, Wales
  • Llechwedd Helyg mine, Tir-y-Mynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Frongoch Mine, Pontrhydygroes, Dyfed, Wales
  • Ystrad Einion Mine, Furnace, Ysgubor-y-coed, Dyfed, Wales
  • Dolyhir Quarry, Powys, Wales
  • Bwlchrehennaid Mine (Level Newydd), Goginan, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Bwlch Glas Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Bute Quarry, South Glamorgan, Wales
  • Britannia mine, Snowdonia, Wales
  • Bontddu trial level, Bontddu, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Castell Mine, Ponterwyd, Dyfed, Wales
  • Drws-y-Coed mine, Llandwrog, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Penrhiw mine, Ystumtuen, Dyfed, Wales
  • Parys Mountain mine, Anglesey, Wales
  • Snowbrook Mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Darren Mine, Penbontrhydybeddau, Parcel Canol, Dyfed, Wales
  • Mynach Vale Mine,Devil's Bridge,Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn,Dyfed, Wales
  • Mynydd Gorddu Mine, Bontgoch, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Nant-y-Cagel mine (Eagle Brook), Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Nant-y-Car Mine, Rhayader, Powys, Wales
  • Pant-y-Gaseg Mine, Anglesey, Wales
  • Kambowe, Shaba, Zaire
  • Kamoto East mine, Kolwezi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Kamoya mine, Shaba, Zaire
  • Katanga, Shaba, Zaire
  • Kipushi mine, Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Kolwezi mine, Kolwezi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Musonoi mine, Kolwezi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Shagulowe Mine, Katanga (Shaba), Zaire
  • Tantara, Shaba, Zaire
  • Mashamba West mine, Shaba, Zaire
  • Mindouli, Congo, Zaire
  • Fitula mine, Zambia
  • Bwana M'Kubwa, Ndola, Zambia
  • Bwana M'Kubina mine, Ndola, Zambia
  • Mufulira mine, Zambia
  • Broken Hill mine, Kabwe, Zambia


Usos

Se emplea como mena de cobre, pero también ciertas variedades han sido empleadas como material ornamental y mineral gema. Es empleada como piedra ornamental para la obtención de objetos diversos, como cajas, perfumeros, mangos de cubiertos, candeleros,... En joyería se utiliza en forma redondeada o bien ovalada, con talla en cabujón o en botón.

Bibliografía y más información

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, vol. 145, p.412, (1977)

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