Galena

Características generales

Datos generales


Fórmula: PbS

Sistema de cristalización: Cúbico

Lustre: Metálico

Color: Gris plomo, algo más claro si contiene plata

Dureza: 2,5-2,8

Rareza: muy común

Características distintivas: Hábito cristalino, fractura y quizás lo más importante, su densidad.

Con el nombre de galena se designaba antiguamente a los minerales de plomo pero también las escorias de plomo fundido. Plinio lo utilizaba con este último sentido. Actualmente ese término hace referencia al sulfuro de plomo, mineral de fácil distinción debido a sus característicos cristales cúbicos de color gris plomo y brillantes. De los yacimientos con concentraciones importantes de este mineral se obtiene plomo, elemento que pese a su comprobada toxicidad es muy utilizado en diversas ramas industriales.


Miembro del grupo de minerales:

Grupo de la Galena.

Clasificación

Estado IMA: Válido. Descrito con antelación a 1959 (pre-IMA), se considera un mineral clásico o histórico (grandfathered)

Nickel-Strunz : 02.CD.10
  • 2: Sulfuros y sulfosales
  • 02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)
  • 02.CD: Con Sn,Pb,Hg,etc.

Dana 8th ed. : 2.8.1.1

Etimología:

La palabra galena proviene del latín, utilizada por Plinio para todas las menas de plomo.

Formación y ambiente


West Fork Mine, Reynolds County, Missouri, Estados Unidos
© Juan Luis Menéndez
Colección de Francisco Combarro
Los yacimientos de galena casi siempre tienen un origen de tipo magmático hidrotermal, formándose por consolidación de los residuos del magma que quedan después de la formación de rocas como los granitos y las pegmatitas; en estos casos, el mineral aparece asociado a esfalerita, argentita, cuarzo y fluorita. También se puede presentar en ambientes sedimentarios; yacimientos que derivan de la concentración del mineral, originalmente diseminado en las rocas; con este tipo de génesis se relacionan los grandes yacimientos de galena que aparecen en las calizas y dolomías, en los que es típica la asociación con esfalerita (sulfuro de zinc).

Accesorio, hidrotermal (baja y media temperatura), ígneo, postmagmático, sedimentario, filones.

Propiedades fisicas


West Fork Mine, Reynolds County, Missouri, Estados Unidos
© Juan Luis Menéndez
Galena con limonita. Udías, Santander
Lustre: Metálico

Transparencia: Opaco

Color: Gris plomo, algo más claro si contiene plata

Color en sección fina: Incolora

Raya: Negro grisáceo

Dureza (Mohs): 2,5-2,8

Tenacidad: Frágil

Exfoliación::
  • Primera exfoliación: Perfecta en [001]
  • Segunda exfoliación: Perfecta en [010]
  • Tercera exfoliación: Perfecta en [100]


Fractura: Subconcoidal

Densidad: 7,2-7,6 g/cm3 (medida) | 7,6 g/cm3 (calculada)

Cristalografía


West Fork Mine, Reynolds County, Missouri, Estados Unidos
© Juan Luis Menéndez
Hábito cristalino: La galena cristaliza generalmente formando cristales cúbicos opacos de un característico color gris plomo los cuales aparecen con aristas biseladas o vértices truncados, llegando a la forma octaédrica. Más frecuentes son las masas compactas granulares muy brillantes en las superficies de fracturas frescas, pero que con el transcurso del tiempo ennegrecen.

Macla: Spinel Law twins

Sistema cristalino: Cúbico

Clase (H-M): 3m (4/m3* 2/m) - Hexoctahedral

Grupo espacial: Fm3m

Parámetros de la celda: a=5,936Å

Volumen de unidad de celda: V 209,16Å

Z: 4

Difracción de Rayos X:
Difracción de Rayos X
D(hkl)Intensidad
2,969100
3,42984
2,09957

Propiedades ópticas

Tipo: Opaco

Valores RI: nα= 1,658; nβ= 1,669; nγ= 1,669

Dispersión: Ninguna

Reflectancia:
Reflectancia
D(hkl)Intensidad
470.046,3
546.042,9
589.042,1
650.042,4


Propiedades químicas

Fórmula: PbS

Elementos químicos: Pb, S

Composición química: S: 13,40%, Pb: 86,60%,

Tests químicos

Fusibilidad: 1; Mineral tipo: Antimonita; Punto de fusión: 525ºC; Funde con una cerilla
Reacción a los ácidos: Se disuelve en ácido nítrico.
Color de la llama: Azul pálido
Formación de sublimados: Cubre el carbón con sublimados blancos y plateados.
Otros: Calentada con ioduro potásico y azufre en carbón forma un incrustación de color amarillo brillante



Relaciones con otros minerales

Miembro del grupo de minerales: Grupo de la Galena.

Minerales pertenecientes al Grupo de la Galena.

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
Alabandita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

MnS
Altaita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

PbTe
Clausthalita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

PbSe
GalenaGalena2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

PbS
Niningerita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

(Ca,Mg)S


Minerales acompañantes:

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
AnglesitaAnglesita7. Sulfatos
07.A: Sulfatos (selenatos, etc.) sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

PbSO4
BaritaBarita7. Sulfatos
07.A: Sulfatos (selenatos, etc.) sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

BaSO4
BornitaBornita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.B: Sulfuros con metal, M:S > 1:1 (principalmente 2:1)

Cu5FeS4
CalcitaCalcita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaCO3
CerusitaCerusita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

PbCO3
CalcopiritaCalcopirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

CuFeS2
DolomitaDolomita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaMg(CO3)2
FluoritaFluorita3. Haluros
03.A: Haluros simples, sin H2O

CaF2
OroOro1. Elementos nativos
01.A: Metales y Aleaciones de metales

Au
HematitesHematites4. Óxidos
04.C: Metal:Oxígeno = 2:3, 3:5, y Similar

Fe2O3
MarcasitaMarcasita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.E: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:2

FeS2
PiritaPirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.E: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:2

FeS2
CuarzoCuarzo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

SiO2
SideritaSiderita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

FeCO3
EsfaleritaEsfalerita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

ZnS




Yacimientos y localidades de interés

Yacimientos:

Los yacimientos más ricos de este mineral son los de EEUU de Missouri, Oklahoma y Kansas, cuyo centro más famoso es Joplin. Los yacimientos más importantes, por su producción y calidad, son los de Linares y La Carolina (Jaén), donde la galena aparece en casi todas sus variedades, así como los de Canto Blanco (Córdoba) y Azuaga y Monasterio (Badajoz).

Localidades

  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • West Comet Mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Henty Mine, Tyndall Valley, Tasmania, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Boddington, Mt Saddleback, Western Australia, Australia
  • Red Lead mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Trial Harbour nickel mine, Remine, Tasmania, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Boddington, Mt Saddleback, Western Australia, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Henty Mine, Tyndall Valley, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Red Lead mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Trial Harbour nickel mine, Remine, Tasmania, Australia
  • West Comet Mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Boddington, Mt Saddleback, Western Australia, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Henty Mine, Tyndall Valley, Tasmania, Australia
  • West Comet Mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Trial Harbour nickel mine, Remine, Tasmania, Australia
  • Red Lead mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Henty Mine, Tyndall Valley, Tasmania, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Boddington, Mt Saddleback, Western Australia, Australia
  • Trial Harbour nickel mine, Remine, Tasmania, Australia
  • Red Lead mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • West Comet Mine, Dundas, Tasmania, Australia
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Brandrücken, Kärnten, Austria
  • Bleiberg district, Kärnten, Austria
  • Bleiberg district, Kärnten, Austria
  • Brandrücken, Kärnten, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Bleiberg district, Kärnten, Austria
  • Brandrücken, Kärnten, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Bleiberg district, Kärnten, Austria
  • Brandrücken, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Walchen slags, Öblarn, Liezen, Steiermark, Austria
  • Rauris valley, Salzburg, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Engis, Liege, Walloon, Belgium
  • Seilles, Namur, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • Longvilly, Luxembourg, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • Pulacayo mine, Huanchaca, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Oruro City, Oruro Dept., Bolivia
  • Hiaco mine, Chayanta, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • San José and Itos mines, Oruro Dept., Bolivia
  • Cerro Rico Mt., Potosí, City, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Aliada Mine, Colquechata Mt., Chayanta, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Animas mine, Chocoya, Sud-Chicas, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Lavra do Énio pegmatite, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Chapada Diamantina, Serra de Mangabeira, Bahia, Brazil
  • Boqueirãozinho pegmatite, Parelhas, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
  • Madan, Rhodope Mtns., Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • South Petrovista Mine, Madan, Rhodope Mtns., Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Deveti Septemvri Mine, Madan, Rhodope Mtns., Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Cadesky Vein, Hi-Ho mine, Cobalt, Timiskaming district, Ontario, Canada
  • East Kemptville Tin Mine, East Kemptville, Yarmouth Co., Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Francon quarry, St-Michel distr., Montreal Island, Québec, Canada
  • Dundas Quarry, Wentworth Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Demix-Varennes quarry, Saint-Amable sill, Varennes, Verchéres Co., Québec, Canada
  • Davis Quarry, Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Van Silver mine, Brandywine Creek, British Columbia, Canada
  • Society Girl Mine, Kootenay region, British Columbia, Canada
  • Silvana mine, Sandon, British Columbia, Canada
  • Silver Islet mine, Lake Superior, Ontario, Canada
  • Beaverdell, British Columbia, Canada
  • Mount Hundere, near Watson Lake, Southern Yukon Territory, Canada
  • Lincoln Quarry, Beamsville, Ontario, Canada
  • Jeffrey pit, Asbestos, Shipton Twp., Richmond Co., Québec, Canada
  • Ice River complex, British Columbia, Canada
  • Lac Nicolet mine, Ham Sud, Wolfe Co., Québec, Canada
  • Highland Bell mine, Beaverdell, British Columbia, Canada
  • Nanisivik Mine, Baffin Island, Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Canada
  • Mt St.-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada
  • Port Radium, Northwest Territories, Canada
  • Mt Hundere, near Watson Lake, Yukon Territory, Canada
  • MacDonald mine, Monteagle Township, Bancroft, Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Kaiyang, Guizhou Province, China
  • Policany, Kutna Hora, Czech Republic
  • Kank, Kutna Hora, Stredocesky kraj, Bohemia, Czech Republic
  • Krupka, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Hurky, Stredocesky kraj, Bohemia, Czech Republic
  • Medenec (Kupferberg), Chomutov, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Horni Hostice, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Predborice, Stredocesky kraj, Bohemia, Czech Republic
  • Moldava, Teplice, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Bohutin, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Alexander Gallery, Vrancice, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Borovec, Zdar nad Sazavou, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Trebsko Deposit, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Litce nad Orlici, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Lill mine, Brezove hory (Birkenberg), Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Coldstones Quarry, Greenhow, Yorkshire, England
  • Short Grain, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dean quarry, St. Keverne, Cornwall, England
  • Shap Pink Quarry, Shap, Cumbria, England
  • Shap Blue Quarry, Shap, Cumbria, England
  • Deer Hills Baryte mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Sandbeds mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dale Head Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Closehouse Mine, Lunedale, Co. Durham, England
  • Clevedon, Avon, England
  • Clevedon Beach, Somerset, England
  • Milltown Quarry, Ashover, Derbyshire, England
  • Millrigg Mine, Staveley, Cumbria, England
  • Myers Head Mine, Hartsop, Cumbria, England
  • Le Pelley's shaft, Little Sark, Channel Islands, England
  • Snailbeach mine, Snailbeach, Shropshire, England
  • Smallcleugh mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Slayley Quarry, Bonsal, Derbyshire, England
  • Coniston Copper Mines, Coniston, Cumbria, England
  • Dirtlow Rake, Castleton, Derbyshire, England
  • Dovedale Farm., Hardwick Hall, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Poldice mine, St. Day, Cornwall, England
  • West Mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Blue Circle Cement Quarry, Eastgate, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • West Pastures Mine, Stanhope, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Carlside, Skiddaw, Cumbria, England
  • Blackdene mine, Ireshopeburn, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Carrock End mine (Queen mine), Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Carrock mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Wetgrooves Mine, Aysgarth, Yorkshire, England
  • Boltsburn mine, Rookhope, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Bonsall Moor Quarry, Winster, Derbyshire, England
  • Crich Quarry, Crich, Derbyshire, England
  • Croft Gothal mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • Croft quarry, Leicestershire, England
  • Crossgill Mine, Frizington, Cumbria, England
  • Silver Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Thief Gills, Roughtongill, Cumbria, England
  • Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Bonser Mine, Coniston copper mines, Cumbria, England
  • Whatley Quarry, Wells, Somerset, England
  • Higher Pitts mine, Priddy, Mendip Hills, Somerset, England
  • Healds Wood, Stanton Hill, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Healeyfield Mine, Consett, Co. Durham, England
  • Gregory mine, Ashover, Derbyshire, England
  • Pentire Glaze mine, St. Minver, Cornwall, England
  • Greystones quarry, Lezant, Cornwall, England
  • Hellens Mine, Tilberthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Old Wham Vein, Castleton, Derbyshire, England
  • Old Sandbeds Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Hartsop Hall Mine, Brothers Water, Cumbria, England
  • Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • Nether Row Brow, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Isolation Mine, Snelstone Nr Ashbourne, Derbyshire, England
  • Hilton mine, Scordale, Cumbria, England
  • Newdigate Colliery, Nr. Bedworth, Warwickshire, England
  • Ingray Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • New Venture Level, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Hampstead Farm quarry, Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire, England
  • Penlee quarry, Newlyn, Cornwall, England
  • Helvellyn Mine, Thirlmere, Cumbria, England
  • Old Potts Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Old Millclose Mine, Matlock, Derbyshire, England
  • Manesty Vein, Grange, Borrowdale, Cumbria, England
  • Loweswater Mine, Loweswater, Cumbria, England
  • Meldon BR Quarry, Okehampton, Devon, England
  • Meden Bank, Stanton Hill, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Matlock, Derbyshire, England
  • Kinniside Mine, Cleaton Moor, Cumbria, England
  • Mottram St.Andrew, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Ladywell mine, Shelve, Shropshire, England
  • Millclose mine, Wensley, Derbyshire, England
  • Merehead quarry, near Cranmore, Mendips, Somerset, England
  • Herodsfoot mine, Lanreath, Cornwall, England
  • Herrods Hill, Huthwaite, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Open cast Mine, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Heights Quarry, Westgate, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Heights mine, Eastgate, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Longlands Fell Mine, Uldale, Cumbria, England
  • Mexico mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Low Wax Knott, Buttermere, Cumbria, England
  • Judkins quarry, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, England
  • Bannerdale Graphite Mine, Mungrisdale, Cumbria, England
  • Force Crag Mine, Keswick, Cumbria, England
  • Frazer's Hush mine, Rookhope, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Rampgill Mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Pike Lane Opencut, Winster Moor, Derbyshire, England
  • Golestones quarry, Yorkshire, England
  • Poddy Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Graphite Mine, Seathwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Grasshill Mine, Teesdale, Co. Durham, England
  • Flory Island, Watergate Bay, Cornwall, England
  • Fleetwith Pike, Buttermere Fell, Cumbria, England
  • Wirksworth, Rent Tor, Derbyshire, England
  • Whiteoak Beck, High Nook, Loweswater, Cumbria, England
  • Windy Brow Vein, Tynehead, Cumbria, England
  • Windy Knoll Quarry, Castleton, Derbyshire, England
  • Ball Eye quarry, Bosnal, Derbyshire, England
  • Castle Nook Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Sacheveral Farm, Winster, Derbyshire, England
  • Gate Gill Mine, Threlkeld, Cumbria, England
  • Greenside mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • Glendaterra Lead mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Fast Tamar mine, Devon, England
  • Dry Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Red Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Fall Gate quarry, near Ashover, Derbyshire, England
  • Fallowfield Mine, Acomb, Northumberland, England
  • Raper Mine, Alport, Derbyshire, England
  • Embleton quarry, Embleton, Cumbria, England
  • Rogerley Mine, Frosterley, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Emerson Vein, Brandy Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Roughton Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Driggith Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Goldscope Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Goat Crag, Borrowdale, Cumbria, England
  • Rotherhope Fell Mine, Alston, Cumbria, England
  • Dutchman Level Dump, Ecton Hill, Wetton, Staffordshire, England
  • Eagle Crag Mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • East Tamar mine, Devon, England
  • Rorrington Mine, Chirbury, Shropshire, England
  • Ejam, Derbyshire, England
  • Engine Vein, Alderley Edge, Shropshire, England
  • Wheal Friendship, Mary Tavy, Devon, England
  • Burgham mine, Shelve, Shropshire, England
  • Tynebottom mine, Garrigill, Cumbria, England
  • Waterbank mine, Ecton, Staffordshire, England
  • Thornthwaite Mine, Thornthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Bounds Cliff, St. Endellion, Cornwall, England
  • Vale Road Quarry, Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Wanthwaite Mine, St. John's in the Vale, Cumbria, England
  • Brownley Hill Pb-Zn mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Threlkeld Quarry, Threlkeld, Cumbria, England
  • Burtness Wood, Buttermere, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Gorland, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Billings Hill, Mine at Slitt, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Wheal Hope, Perranzabuloe, Cornwall, England
  • Blackbeck Tarn, Buttermere, Cumbria, England
  • Tolcarne mine, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Tilberthwaite Gill, Tilberthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Tresavean mine, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Trevinnick mine, St. Kew, Cornwall, England
  • Wapping mine, Matlock Bath, Derbyshire, England
  • Brandy Gill Lead mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Brandholme Mine, Glenderaterra Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Stoneycroft Mine, Braithwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Stancombe Quarry, Flax Bourton, Somerset, England
  • Wheal Mary Ann, Menheniot, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Penrose, Perranzabuloe, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Penrose, Porthleven, Cornwall, England
  • Barrow Mine, Braithwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Rose, Newlyn, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Wrey, Liskeard, Cornwall, England
  • Chiverton mine, Perranzabuloe, Cornwall, England
  • Stormy point, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Backway Cove, near Trebarwith, Cornwall, England
  • Brandelhow Mine, Brandlehow, Cumbria, England
  • Brae Fell mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Wood mine, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Woodend Mine, Threlkeld, Cumbria, England
  • Woodleaze Quarry, Tytherington Quarries, Gloucestershire, England
  • Wyndham Pit, Nr. Egremont, Cumbria, England
  • Yewthwaite Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Jane, Kea, Truro, Cornwall, England
  • Jokisivu (Kujankallio), Huittinen, Turku-Pori, Finland
  • Falgayrolles, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Monsols, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • La Pacaudière, Le Crozet, Loire, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Huelgoat, Poullaouen, Brittany, France
  • Le Vialas, Lozère, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Les Farges mine, Corrèze, Limousin, France
  • Mas d'Alary, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Tistoulet mine, Padern, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Cap Garonne, Le Pradet, Var, France
  • Chessy-les-Mines, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Huneberg quarry, Bad Harzburg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Lautenthaler Hütte, Langelsheim, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Herzog-Julius-Hütte, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Artenberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Anton mine, Heubachtal, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Biseschacht am Iberg, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Bärensteinbruch quarry, Radautal, Bad Harzburg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Hilfe Gottes mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Kirchheimerstollen, Müllenbach, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Himmelfürst mine, Freiberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Heimberg quarry, Möncheholz, Langelsheim, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Johann mine, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kafersteige mine, Pforzheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kälbelberg, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Ludwig mine, Aldersbachtal, Hausach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hechtsberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kautenbach mine, Bernkastel-Kues, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
  • Erzengel Gabriel mine, Einbachtal, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Dreikönigstern, Reinerzau, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Glücksrad mine, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Neudorf, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Silberbrünnle mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Winterberg quarry, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Wenzel mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Uranlagerstatte Mullenbach, Baden-Baden, Germany
  • St. Andreasberg, Hartz Mts, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Rappold mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Schweina-Glücksbrunn, Bad Liebenstein, Eisenach, Thüringen, Germany
  • Rammelsberg mine, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Ramsbeck, Sauerland, Thüringen, Germany
  • Daniel mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Clara mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Christophstal, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Gangzug Prinzbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Floßberg mine, Bad Lauterberg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Geigeshalde / Falkenstein, Schramberg, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Glückauf mine, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Chondro Vuono, Milos, Kikladhes, Southern Aegean, Greece
  • Hilarion adit, Agios Konstandinos, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Ilimaussaq, West Greenland
  • Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, Greenland
  • Ivigtut, Arsuk Fjord, Greenland
  • Winterswijk, Gelderland, Holland
  • Ballycorus mine, Dublin, Co. Dublin, Ireland
  • Ballyhighland mine, Co. Wexford, Ireland
  • Vale of Avoca, Co. Wicklow, Ireland
  • Ballycormick, Shanagolden, Co. Limerick, Ireland
  • Navan mine, Navan, Co. Meath, Ireland
  • Mogul mine, Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Killiney, Co. Dublin, Ireland
  • Keel, Co. Longford, Ireland
  • Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • North Laxey Mine, Laxey, Isle of Man
  • Old Foxdale Mine, Foxdale, St Johns, Isle of Man
  • Cross's Mine, Foxdale, Glen Rushen, Isle of Man
  • Great Laxey Mine, Laxey, Isle of Man
  • Snaefell Mine, Laxey, Snaefell, Isle of Man
  • Ballacorkish Mine, Colby, Bradda, Isle of Man
  • Is Murvonis Mine, Domusnovas, Iglesias district, Sardinia, Italy
  • Seravezza, Tuscany, Italy
  • Mount Vesuvius, Naples, Campania, Italy
  • Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca, Italy
  • Baccu Locci mine, Villaputzu, Sardinia, Italy
  • Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Buca della Vena mine, Stazzema, Alpe Apuane, Lucca, Tuscany, Italy
  • Carrara, Tuscany, Italy
  • Tiny mine, Sardinia, Italy
  • Yunosawa mine, Ikarigaseki-mura, Minamitsugaru, Aomori Pref., Japan
  • Sarbay silver mine, Rudni, Kusteni Oblast, Kazakhstan
  • Chaidarkan, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Chauvay, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Mt Malosa, Zomba, Malawi
  • Batopilas district, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Ahumada & Erupcion mines, Sierra de Los Lamentos, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Mina Ojuela, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico
  • Naica, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Boleo, Santa Rosalia, Baja California, Mexico
  • Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb West Vanadium mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb, Namibia
  • Harasib Prospects, Otavi, Namibia
  • Abaneb West mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kombat mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Uitsab mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Wolkenhaben, Otavi, Namibia
  • Khorixas, Namibia
  • Nosib mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Berg Aukas, Otavi, Namibia
  • Auros, Otavi, Namibia
  • Aris quarry, Windhoek, Namibia
  • Alt Bobos mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway
  • Lake Gjerdingen, Nordmarka, Oslo, Norway
  • Colquijirca mine, Tinyahuarco district, Pasco Province, Pasco Dept., Peru
  • Uchucchacua District, Dos de mayo Prov., Huanuco Dept., Peru
  • Olkusz, Silesia, Poland
  • Panasqueira mine, Panasqueira, Beira-Beixa, Portugal
  • Baita Mine, Nucet, Bihor Co., Western Carpathians, Romania
  • Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Puiva, Saranpual, Polar Urals, Russia
  • Kochkar, Chelyabinsk, Russia
  • Mutnovskoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Verchniy Mine, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Ekaterinberg, Sverdlovsk, Ural Mts., Russia
  • Dodo mine, Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Nikolai Mine, Dal'negorsk, Russia
  • Nikolaevskiy, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Murun massif, Davan, Torgo river basin, Aldan Shield, Yakutia, Siberia, Russia
  • Bor, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Aldan Shield, Yakutiya, Siberia, Russia
  • 2nd Sovietski mine, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • 1st Sovietski mine, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Rodnikovoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Sadoviy, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Sentyabr'skiy, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Mt Koashva, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia
  • Monteponi, Iglesias, Sardinia
  • Meadowfoot Smelter, Wanlockhead, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Lossiemouth mine, Lossiemouth, Moray, Scotland
  • East and West Blackcraig mine, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Coir Loch Kander, Braemar, Grampian, Scotland
  • Loanhead quarry, near Beith, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Mannoch Hill Mine, Lesmahgow, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • Hilderston Quarry, West Lothian, Scotland
  • High Prin Mine, Wanlock Dod, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Strathclyde/Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Silver Glen, Clackmannanshire, Scotland
  • Whitesmith mine, Strontian, Argyll & Bute, Scotland
  • Muirshiel Mine, Renfrewshire Heights, Scotland
  • New Glencrieff Mine, Wanlockhead, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Mezica mine, Mezica, Slovenia
  • Elandsrand Gold Mine, West Wits Line, South Africa
  • N'Chwaning II mine, Kalahari, Cape Province, South Africa
  • Horcajo mines, Ciudad Real, Spain
  • Rio Tinto mines, Huelva, Spain
  • Långban mines, Bergslagen ore district, Värmland, Sweden
  • Lengenbach quarry, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland
  • Dara-i-Pioz, Alayskiy Range, Garm, Tajikistan
  • Nikitovka deposit, Donbass, Ukraine
  • Cartersville district, Bartow Co., Georgia, USA
  • Carrsville Area, Livingston Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Carmel Antimony mine, Carmel, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Carlin Mine, Carlin, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Bumpass Cove District, Erwin Area, Unicoi Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Caribou mine, Caribou district, Grand Island, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Camp Bird/Dunmore/Monarch Mtn/Portland Mines et., Ouray Area, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Callahan, Siskiyou Co., California, USA
  • Callahan mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • C & B Vanadium Mine, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Butte General Area, Montana, USA
  • Canoe Creek, Blair Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Buick Mine, Iron Co., Missouri, USA
  • Cimmaron & Bradley Lodes, Smuggler Vein, Smuggler Union Consolidated mine, Marshall Basin, Telluride District, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Coeur d'Alene, Mullan Canyon Creek Area, Idaho, USA
  • Casco mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Bullion Mining & Milling mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Bull Moose/Rice/Victory/Tip Top/White Elephant etc, Custer, Pennington Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Buick/Sweetwater/St.Joe/Missouri/La Motte Mines, Bixby Area mines, Missouri, USA
  • Bunker Hill mine, Kellogg, Shoshone Co., Idaho, USA
  • Brushby Creek Mine, Reynolds Co., Missouri, USA
  • Brooklyn Mine, Cement Creek District, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Breckenridge, Summit Co., Colorado, USA
  • "Bradbury Mt. Gold & Silver"" mine, Woodstock, Oxford Co., Maine, USA"
  • Burro Mountain Area, Central District, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Mineral, Mineral Co., Virginia, USA
  • Mineral Park Mine, Ithaca Peak, Mohave Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mt Peak pyrite mine, Charlemont, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Marion/Salem/Princeton, Crittendon Co., Kentucky, USA
  • McLaughlin's Ledge, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Mary Murphy Mine, Chalk Creek, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Mid Continent mine, Miami, Ottawa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Manhan mines, Easthampton, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Manhan Lead Silver Mine, Southampton, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Mandan mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mascot Mine, Gorham, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Monroe, Union Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Morefield Mine, Winterham, Amelia Co., Virginia, USA
  • Morning Star mine, west of Mogul Peak, Monitor-Mogule district, Alpine Co., California, USA
  • Mistake Mine, Wickenburg, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Minerva #1 Mine, Harris Creek District, Hardin Co., Illinois, USA
  • Mohawk mine, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Mineral Point, Iowa Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Mamouth Mine, Tiger, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mountain City Copper Mine, Elko Co., Nevada, USA
  • Mt. Arat prospect, Phippsburg, Sagadahoc Co., Maine, USA
  • Mt Wilson Area, Ophir, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Modoc Mine, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Morning Star Mine, Yellville, Marion Co., Arkansas, USA
  • Mineral Hill/Weeks-Ham Mines etc, Wakefield, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Beacon Pole Hill/Iron Mine Hill/Diamond Hill etc, Cumberland Area, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Black Hawk mine, Black Hawk district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Black Hawk district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Balmat-Edwards District, Governor, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Barr Mine, Picher, Oklahoma, USA
  • Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Bingham canyon, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA
  • Betty Baker Mine, Hillsville, Virginia, USA
  • Betts Manganese Mine, Plainfield, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Bergendahl/Davis/Pease/Piper Hill/Tin, Newfield, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Beer Cellar Mine, Granby, Newton Co., Missouri, USA
  • Black Rock mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Blanchard Mine, Bingham, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Blue Bell Mine, Baker, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Apache Mine, near Globe, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Androscoggin Tourmaline Prospect, Auburn, Androscoggin Co., Maine, USA
  • Amethyst lode, Creede, Mineral Co., Colorado, USA
  • American mine, Bingham Canyon, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA
  • American Eagle Mine, Elk Mts. Area, Gunnison Co., Colorado, USA
  • Copper Hill Area mines, Ducktown, Polk Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Argentine Tunnel, Ouray, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Black Butte prospect, Crook Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Booth & Lane Mines, Monroe, Fairfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Boomer Mine i, Laeke George a.rea, Park Co., Colorado, USA
  • Black Cloud Mine, Leadville District, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Amax Buick mine, Bixby, Viburnum Trend, Missouri, USA
  • Comstock Lode, Virginia City, Storey Co., Nevada, USA
  • Commodore Mine, Creede, Mineral Co., Colorado, USA
  • Colorado Central Mine, Silverplume/Georgetown District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • Cole shaft, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Cochetopa Hills Area, Saguache Co., Colorado, USA
  • Climax Mine, Climax, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Clifton, Tooele Co., Utah, USA
  • Cleveland/Bonanza Mines, Chewelah, Stevens Co., Washington, USA
  • Cleveland mine, Stevens Co., Washington, USA
  • Clegg Mine, Bennett, Chatam Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Clubbs Mountain, Alexis, Gaston Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Castle Dome District, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Central City, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Alaska Mine, Poughkupsie Gulch (Silverton District), San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Acton mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • 79 Mine, Banner District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Boston-Acton mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Central York Mts., West Seward Peninsula, Alaska, USA
  • Chloride mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Champion-Consolidated mines, Milton, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Chalk Mountain Mine, Fallon Area, Churchill Co., Nevada, USA
  • Cerro Gordo Mine, Cerro Gordo, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Christmas Mine, Hayden, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Cincinnati mine, St. Peter's Dome, Pikes Peak Region, El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Memphis Mine, Organ district, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Harriman prospect, Union, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Little May mine, Lyman, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Josephine Creek, Galice District, Josephine Co., Oregon, USA
  • Limeburner prospect, Penobscot, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Lime Crest Quarry, Sparta, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Lillian Mining Co., Printerboy Hill, Leadville, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Libson Valley Area, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Little Man mine, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Magmont mine, Bixby, Iron Co., Missouri, USA
  • Maine Acton mine, Lebanon, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Magruder mica Mine, Washington, Wilkes Co., Georgia, USA
  • Lockport Quarry, Lockport, Niagara Co., New York, USA
  • Lone Star mine, Woodstock, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Hodge/Columbia/Brown/Old Jim Mines etc, Ohio River Area, Crittenden Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Hamme Tungsten Mine, Vance Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Hilltop mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Ima Mine, Blue Wing District, Lehmi Co., Idaho, USA
  • Idarado, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Hypotheck Mine, Kingston, Shoshone Co., Idaho, USA
  • Hull & Martin Mines etc, Smyma, York Co., South Carolina, USA
  • Hercules mine, Penobscot, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Hill Top Mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Highland mine, Penobscot, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Hickey #1 Mine, Hansonburg district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Magmount mine, Bixby, Missouri, USA
  • Lordsburg, Hildago Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Keystone Quarry, Cornog, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Keyes Mica mines, Orange, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Kelley Mine, Magdalena District, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • La Motte/Missouri Cobalt Mine, Fredrick, Madison Co., Missouri, USA
  • Josephine Horizon, Metaline District, Washington, USA
  • Levant Antimony mine, Levant, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Lemitar Mts, Lemitat Mountain district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Lee Lime quarry, Lee, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Lebanon-Acton mine, Lebanon, York Co., Maine, USA
  • lear Creek Canyon, Jefferson Co., Colorado, USA
  • King Mountain Area, Crowders, Gaston Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Kirwin copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Kokomo Area mines, Ten Mile District, Summit Co., Colorado, USA
  • Magma Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Madison Lead mine, Madison, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Lubec Lead mine, Lubec, Washington Co., Maine, USA
  • Loudville Lead Mine, Loudville, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Lost River Area, Seward Peninsula, Alaska, USA
  • Liberty Bell and Washington Pass, Okanogan Co., Washington, USA
  • Liberty Copper/Dolly Hyde Copper Mines, Libertytown, Fredrick Co., Maryland, USA
  • Lawrence mine, Hampden, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Laurel Hill (Snake Hill), Secaucus/Bergen Hill Area, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Lead Mine, Leverett, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Millington quarry, Millington, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Perkins Island Beryl locality, Georgetown, Sagadahoc Co., Maine, USA
  • Peach Bottom Mine, Stratford, Alleghany Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Patagonia mining district, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Passaic mine, Sterling Hill, Ogdensburg, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Orogrande, Otero Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Park City & Alta, Clayton Peak, Utah, USA
  • Paddock Lead mine, Lyman, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Paddock Copper mine, Lyman, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Ozark-Mahoning Mine, Cave-in-rock & Rosiclare, Hardin Co., Illinois, USA
  • Oxford Silver mine, Milton, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Park City, Summit Co., Utah, USA
  • Nutt, Luna Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Okimah, Okfuskee Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Mex-Tex mine, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Midnight Mine, Pitkin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Middletown Area, Middlesex Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Mid-Continent mine, Treece, Kansas, USA
  • Ore Hill mine, Warren, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Ora Mine, Hansonburg district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Old Yuma Mine, Tuscon Area, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Old Wheatley Mine, Phoenixville, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Osceola Mine, Cunningham Gulch, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Old Guard Mine, Tombstone, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Neihart, Cascade Co., Montana, USA
  • Nay-Fogg mine, West Milan, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Interstate 295 roadcut, Cranston, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Inexco #1 Mine, Jamestown, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Joplin, Jasper Co., Missouri, USA
  • Jones mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Italian Mt. Area, Aspen, Gunnison Co., Colorado, USA
  • Jensen Quarry, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Jeffrey Quarry, North Little Rock, Pulaski Co., Arkansas, USA
  • Jamestown mine, Tuolumne Co., California, USA
  • Jacksonville, Calhoun Co., Alabama, USA
  • Henderson, Vance Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Irish Creek Tin Mines, Vesuvius, Rockbridge Co., Virginia, USA
  • Jackson Canyon, Humbolt Range, Pershing Co., Nevada, USA
  • Iron Mt. mines, Bartlett, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Murphy, Cherokee Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Mt. Glines mine, Milton, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Mt. Baldy & Gold Mt., Ohio, Utah, USA
  • North Castine mine, Castine, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • NJ Zinc Co./Bertha Mine, Austinville, Wythet Co., Virginia, USA
  • New England Mining & Reduction Comp. prospect, Lyman, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Nevel mine, Newry, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Iron Blossom Mine, Tintic District, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Iron Ridge Mines, Marion Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Harrington Mine, Carmel, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Altoona, Blair Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Sacremento Mines, Mercur, Tooele Co., Utah, USA
  • Portland mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Porter Lead mine, Porter, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Plymouth, Windsor Co., Vermont, USA
  • Pittsburg/McClellan Mines, Pope Co., Illinois, USA
  • Pints Quarry/Waterloo lead and zinc Mines, Dubuque, DubuqueCo., Iowa, USA
  • "Redstone Red Granite"" quarry, Conway, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA"
  • Redmond Prospect, Haywood Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Red Cloud Mine, Trego Mts., La Paz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Ray mine, Pina Co., Arizona, USA
  • Rawley Tunnel Mine, Saguache Co., Colorado, USA
  • Portland/Vindicator/Golden Cycle etc, Cripple Creek, El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Purple Passion Mine, Wickenberg, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Potasi, Washington Co., Missouri, USA
  • Rutherford Mines, Amelia Court House, Virginia, USA
  • Rockport, Cape Ann, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Royal Flush Mine, Hansonburg district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Rossie lead mines, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Ross/Cameron Mines etc, Gaffney, Cherokee Co., South Carolina, USA
  • Rosiclaire, Hardin Co., Illinois, USA
  • Rico Argentite mine, Rico district, Dolores Co., Colorado, USA
  • Ruth/Consolidated/Pit/Betty Joe Mines, Ely, White Pine Co., Nevada, USA
  • Preble Hill mine, Garland, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Potter Cramer property, Wickenburg, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Princess mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Rawley Mine, Thebna, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Stinkingwater copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Sunnyside mine, Silverton Mining District, Howardsville, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Sunnybrook Mine, Cherry Creek district, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Sunlight copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Sneech Pond Copper mine, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Siderite Mine, Roxbury Station, Litchfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Shirley Ann claim, Big Dodd Spring, Ubehebe distr., Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Sheridan, Crittendon Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Silver Drift mine, Hampden, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Shellsburg Area mines, Beuton, Lafayette Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Specialty Minerals quarry, Adams, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Stephenson-Bennett mine, Organ District, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Sterling Hill and Franklin Furnace, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Randall Mt. locality, Parsonsfield, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Questa Mine, Taos Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Quarry, Rocky Hill, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Quabbin Aqueduct, Hardwick, Worcester Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Sunburst Mine, Surry, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Sumpter, Baker Co., Oregon, USA
  • Summit Mine, Broadwater Co., Montana, USA
  • Stone Mine, Leadville District, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Stockbridge Valley Brown Iron Ore District, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Sedalia Copper Mine, Sedalia, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Sheahan Quarry etc, Graniteville, Iron Co., Missouri, USA
  • Brown-Tipton Mine, Mosheim, Greene Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Winslow Tin mine, Winslow, Kennebec Co., Maine, USA
  • Wilkerson Pass Area, Park Co., Colorado, USA
  • White Raven Mine, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • White Mt. Silver & Lead mine, Shelburne, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Westmorelan, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Western Union mine, Cerbat Mts, Mohave Co., Arizona, USA
  • West York, York Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Werley Mine, Werley, Grant Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Van Stone Mine Area, Stevens Co., Washington, USA
  • Sweet Home Mine, Alma District, Park Co., Colorado, USA
  • Wood River District, Hailey, Blaine Co., Idaho, USA
  • Woodford & Mercer Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Woodstock mine, Woodstock, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Watchung Mountain Quarries, Mountainside, Union Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Washington, Litchfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Warren Nickel prospect, Warren, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Wallace/Dixon Eutis/Southern Mines etc, Kings Creek, Cherokee County, South Carolina, USA
  • Wausau Plateau, Rib Mountain, Marathon Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Wallace Stone Plant, Bayport, Huron Co., Michigan, USA
  • Waldo District, Josephine Co., Oregon, USA
  • Zaca (Advance/Colorado/Tarshish) mine, Colorado Hill, Monitor-Mogul district, Alpine Co., California, USA
  • White Pine mine, Ontonagan Co., Michigan, USA
  • Bristol Copper Mine, Bristol, Hartford Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Thomaston Dam Railroad Cut, Thomaston, Litchfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Telluride District, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Tombstone, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Zaca Mine, Monitor-Mogal District, Alpine Co., California, USA
  • York County mine, Lebanon, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Zuni mine, Silverton Mining District, Howardsville, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Zinc Mines, Timberville, Virginia, USA
  • Zinc Hill Mine, Darwin Area, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Road Gulch, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Rockport Silver mine, Rockport, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Roaring Spring Quarry, Canoe Creek Area, Sinking Valley, Blair Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Riverside Silver mine, Rockport, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Treadwell Mine, Douglas Island opposite Junea City, SE Juneau Area, Alaska, USA
  • Tri-State District, Missouri, USA
  • Tungsten Mine, Trumbull, Fairfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Tanner Bay, Loveland Mtn Area, Park Co., Colorado, USA
  • Sweetwater Mine, Ellington, Reynolds Co., Missouri, USA
  • Tintic Standard mine, Dividend, Utah Co., Utah, USA
  • Sunshine mine, Kellogg, Shoshone Co., Idaho, USA
  • Urad Mine, Berthoud Falls, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • United Verde Copper Co., Jerome, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Union Copper/Pioneers/Cosley's/McMalzin's etc, Area mines, Cabarrus Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Tybo, Utah, USA
  • Tuscarora mine, near Randolph, Crawford Mts, Rich Co., Utah, USA
  • Tilcon Capaldi quarry, Acushnet, Bristol Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Saratoga Mine, Central City District, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Silver Hill, Davidson Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Davis Mica mine, West Bath, Sagadahoc Co., Maine, USA
  • Hamburg Mine, Trigo Mts., Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Grey Horse Mine, Kay Spring Canyon, Arizona, USA
  • Grants Mills, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Granite Gap, Hidalgo Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Grace Walker Mine etc, Picher/Miami, Ottawa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Grand Central Mine, Tombstone, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Granby, Newton Co., Missouri, USA
  • Gillman District, Colorado, USA
  • Grand Reef mine, Laurel Canyon, Aravaipa mining distr., Graham Co., Arizona, USA
  • Freidensville, Lehigh Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Gold Hill District, Jackson Co., Oregon, USA
  • Goodhope mine, South Pass-Atlantic City gold district, Fremont Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Gordonsville zinc Mines, Tennessee, USA
  • Davis pyrite mine, Rowe, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Dives mine, La Paz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Dirigo mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Diamond Hill/Sneech Pond Copper Mines, Cumberland, Rhode Island, USA
  • Dexter quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Denton mine, Harris Creek District, Hardin Co., Illinois, USA
  • Delmar, Nevada, USA
  • Deering-Acton mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Deer Isle mine, Deer Isle, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Grace Mine, Morgantown, Berks Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Fowler mine, Hampden, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Galena General Area, Jo Davies Co., Illinois, USA
  • Garret Mountain Quarries, Paterson, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Galena/Baxter Springs/Lawton, Cherokee Co., Kansas, USA
  • Galena, Jo Daviess Co., Illinois, USA
  • Galena King Mine, Tijeras Canyon district, Bernalillo Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Ballard mine, Treese, Kansas, USA
  • Bald Mt. Area mines, Lead, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Baker Mine, Davis Mts., Caldwell Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Bagdad Copper mine, 7-U-7 Ranch, Hillside, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Bachelor Mine, Creede, Mineral Co., Colorado, USA
  • Atwood mine, Lisbon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • General Area, Franklin, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Glove Mine, San Rita Mts., Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
  • General Area, Jasper & Newton counties, Missouri, USA
  • Forest City mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Foote Spodumene Mine, Kings Mountain, Cleveland Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Flux Mine, Harshaw District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Rusk Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Fernando Mine/etc, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Fat Jack mine, Lane Mt., Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Fairview Claim, Bear Canyon, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Conklin quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • General, West Virginia, USA
  • General Area, Picher/Commerce/Quapaw/Miami/Peoria, Ottowa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Atlantic/Blue Hill/Oven/Douglas/Granger etc, Blue Hill, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Snake River/Peru, Montezuma, Summit Co., Colorado, USA
  • Elmwood mine, Carthage, Smith Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Elmrow Farm Silver mine, Parsonsfield, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Eldorado Mine, Indio, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Einstein Silver Mine, Madison Co., Missouri, USA
  • Edwards, Gouverneur, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Edgemoggin Silver mine, Sedgwick, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • East Woodstock Silver mine, Woodstock, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Eagle Mine, Bonanza mining district, Saguache Co., Colorado, USA
  • Durant Tunnel, Aspen Mtn Area, Pitkin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Consolidated Hampden mine, Hampden, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Emerson mine, Castine, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • East Tintic Mine, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Pikes Peak, Teller Co., Colorado, USA
  • Smuggler Vein, Smuggler Union Consolidated mine, Marshall Basin, Telluride District, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Smuggler Mine, Aspen Mtn Area, Pitkin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Silver Wave mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Silver Queen Mine, Galena, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Silver Mine, below Iron Mt., Madison Co., Missouri, USA
  • Silver Crown copper district, Laramie Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Snowbird/Mary Ellen Mine, Atlantic City District, Fremont Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Silver Hill Mine, Tuescon arera, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silver Glance mine, Silent district, Arizona, USA
  • Silver King Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Eberle Mine, Cobb, Iowa Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Dorsey Mansion Area, Point of Rocks Mesa, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Crystal Pass, Ray, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Crisman, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Courtland-Gleeson District, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Davis Silver mine, Hermon, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Copper Rock/Ward District, Nederland, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Copper River District, Kennecott, Alaska, USA
  • Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Crestmore Quarry, Crestmore, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Dodge mine, Lyman, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Dubuque Area, Dubuque Co., Iowa, USA
  • Cuba City, Grant Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Darwin Antimony mine, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Darwin, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Evergreen mine, near Apex, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Fairfax Quarry, Centreville, Fairfax Co., Virginia, USA
  • Faircloth/Dean/Fairfield/Twin Chimney Mines, Munday's Landing, Mercer Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Faber Zinc Mine, Faber, Albe Marle Co., Virginia, USA
  • Encampment copper district, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Erie Mine/Enterprise Mine, Austin, Lander Co., Nevada, USA
  • Etta Mine (Harney Peak & Pearless), Black Hills, Pennington Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Estes mine, Baldwin, Cumberland Co., Maine, USA
  • Esterbrook copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Durango, La Plata Co., Colorado, USA
  • Cornwall, Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Frongoch Mine, Pontrhydygroes, Dyfed, Wales
  • Cwmsymlog Mine, Ponterwyd, Dyfed, Wales
  • Glogfawr Mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Dyfed, Wales
  • Pen-y-clun mine, Llanidloes, Dyfed, Wales
  • Geufron Mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Dyfngwm mine, Penegoes, Powys, Wales
  • Esgair Mwyn Mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Upper Gwnnws,Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgair Hir mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Esclusham Mountain, Minera, Wales
  • Erglodd mine, Talybont, Llangynfelyn, Dyfed, Wales
  • Machen Quarry, Machen, Mid Glamorgan, Wales
  • Llangynog Mine, Llangynog, Powys, Wales
  • Aberffrwdd Mine, Devil's Bridge, Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn, Dyfed, Wales
  • Nantymwyn Mine, Rhandirmwyn, Llandovery, Dyfed, Wales
  • Mynydd Gorddu Mine, Bontgoch, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Nant Helen opencast coal mine, Neath, Wales
  • Nant-y-Cagel mine (Eagle Brook), Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Nant-y-Car Mine, Rhayader, Powys, Wales
  • Minera (mines), Wrexham, Wales
  • Llettyhen Mine (Vaughan), Bontgoch, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Llywernog Mine, Ponterwyd, Dyfed, Wales
  • Llechwedd Helyg mine, Tir-y-Mynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Darren Mine, Penbontrhydybeddau, Parcel Canol, Dyfed, Wales
  • Dylife Mine, Dylife, Machynlleth, Powys, Wales
  • Parys Mountain mine, Anglesey, Wales
  • Bwlch Glas Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Bwlch Mine (Deganwy), Llandudno, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Bwlchrehennaid Mine (Level Newydd), Goginan, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Trecastell Mine, Conway, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Camdwrbach Mine, Ponterwyd, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • The Van mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Gwaith Yr Afon mine, Penbontrhydybeddau, Trefeirig, Dyfed, Wales
  • Hafan Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Cerig Yr Wyn Mine, Penbontrhydybeddau, Trefeirig, Dyfed, Wales
  • Brynarian Mine, Talybont, Llangynfelyn, Dyfed, Wales
  • Bute Quarry, South Glamorgan, Wales
  • Van Mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Florida Mine, Pontrhydfendigaid, Dyfed, Wales
  • Penrhyn Du Mine, Nr. Abersoch, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Wyndham Colliery, Ogmore Vale, Mid Glamorgan, Wales
  • Penbontbren Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Dolyhir Quarry, Powys, Wales
  • Drws-y-Coed mine, Llandwrog, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Brynyrafr Mine, Talybont, Trefeirig, Dyfed, Wales
  • Hendre Felen Mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Dyfed, Wales
  • Castell Carn Dochan, Llanuwchilyn, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Henfwlch Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Kipushi mine, Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Broken Hill mine, Kabwe, Zambia


Usos

La galena es la principal mena de plomo y una de las más importantes menas de plata (galena argentífera). El plomo se empleó hasta hace pocas décadas para la fabricación de tuberías, aunque en la actualidad ha sido sustituido por el cobre y diversos plásticos, así como antidetonante en la gasolina, donde ha sido sustituido por otros aditivos. Actualmente sigue utilizándose en la fabricación de baterías, pinturas, materiales de soldadura, perdigones y balas, y como aislante de radiaciones, etc. El plomo se utiliza como aislante en las dependencias donde existen aparatos que emiten Rayos X, y en los delantales que utilizan sus usuarios, para protegerse de estas radiaciones.

Referencias y bibliografía

Acta Crystallographica, vol. C43, p.1443(s), (1987)
Mineral and Gem encyclopedia, p.155, (1982)
Dana, 7th Edition, vol. 1, p.200, (1944)

Fotografías de Galena




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