Hematites

Características generales

Datos generales


Fórmula: Fe2O3

Sistema de cristalización: Trigonal

Lustre: Metálico

Color: Varía desde parduzco, rojo sangre, rojo brillante y rojo parduzco a gris acero y negro hierro

Dureza: 5,5-6,5

Rareza: común

La hematites, también llamada hematita y oligisto, es un óxido de hierro que cristaliza en el sistema trigonal, y que puede encontrarse en diferentes formas, desde cristales con intenso brillo metálico a botroidal o a formas terrosas. Es uno de los principales minerales de hierro y se emplea para la extracción de este metal. Su raya es roja intensa y los cristales, cuando son diminutos y delgados y dejan pasar la luz, muestran un vivo rojo sangre. Triturada es el “ocre rojo” ya usado en el Paleolítico, en el arte parietal.

Cuando la hematites se origina por transformación de la magnetita se denomina martita.


Miembro del grupo de minerales:

Grupo del Hematites

Clasificación

Estado IMA: Válido. Descrito con antelación a 1959 (pre-IMA), se considera un mineral clásico o histórico (grandfathered)

Nickel-Strunz : 04.CB.05
  • 4: Óxidos
  • 04.C: Metal:Oxígeno = 2:3, 3:5, y Similar
  • 04.CB: Con cationes tamaño medio

Dana 8th ed. : 4.3.1.2

Etimología:

Teofastro sostenía que estaba formado por sangre solidificada, de ahí su nombre, de ahí que su nombre derive de la palabra grieta aima, sangre.

Formación y ambiente


Asturias, Oviedo, Cantera de Latores
© José Rafael González López
La hematites es un mineral común en rocas efusivas, pegmatitas y filones hidrotermales formados por consolidación de magmas residuales (los que persisten después de la formación, por ejemplo, de granitos y pegmatitas). Muy frecuente es también la génesis sedimentaria, por recristalización parcial (diagénesis) de limonita. Como esta última, la hematites puede presentar aspecto oolítico y concrecional. Debido al metamorfismo puede llegar a sustituir a la magnetita asumiendo su forma externa (pseudomorfismo); en este caso toma el nombre de martita.

Accesorio, hidrotermal de media temperatura, magmático, metamórfico (dislocación, regional), postmagmático, postvolcánico, sedimentario.

Propiedades fisicas


Asturias, Oviedo, Cantera de Latores
© José Rafael González López
Lustre: Metálico

Transparencia: Opaco

Color: Varía desde parduzco, rojo sangre, rojo brillante y rojo parduzco a gris acero y negro hierro

Color en sección fina: Incolora

Raya: Pardo rojiza

Dureza (Mohs): 5,5-6,5

Tenacidad: Frágil, elástico

Fractura: Concoidal

Densidad: 5,2-5,3 g/cm3 (medida) | 5,28 g/cm3 (calculada)

Cristalografía


Asturias, Oviedo, Cantera de Latores
© José Rafael González López
Hábito cristalino: Cristales generalmente tabulares o formando rosetas. En masas botroidales o reniformes con estructura radiada. También micáceo, hojoso (especularita) y terroso (ocres).

Sistema cristalino: Trigonal

Clase (H-M): 0m (3*2/m) - Hexagonal escalenohedral

Grupo espacial: R3*c

Parámetros de la celda: a=5,032Å c=13,737Å

Volumen de unidad de celda: V 301,2Å

Z: 6

Difracción de Rayos X:
Difracción de Rayos X
D(hkl)Intensidad
2,69100
1,6960
2,5150

Propiedades ópticas

Tipo: Uniaxial (-)

Valores RI: nα= 2,78; nγ= 3,01

Máxima birrefringencia: δ = 0,28

Dispersión: Ninguna

Anisotropismo: Perceptible en luz reflejada

Reflectancia:
Reflectancia
D(hkl)Intensidad
470.028,1
546.026,4
589.025,15
650.023,3


Propiedades químicas

Fórmula: Fe2O3

Elementos químicos: Fe, O

Composición química: O: 30,06%, Fe: 69,94%,

Tests químicos

Fusibilidad: 7; Mineral tipo: Cuarzo; Punto de fusión: 1710ºC; Infusible con soplete
Reacción a los ácidos: Se disuelve en HCl concentrado
Formación de sublimados: Infusible.



Relaciones con otros minerales

Miembro del grupo de minerales: Grupo del Hematites

Minerales pertenecientes al Grupo del Hematites

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
CorindónCorindón4. Óxidos
04.C: Metal:Oxígeno = 2:3, 3:5, y Similar

Al2O3
Eskolaita4. Óxidos
04.C: Metal:Oxígeno = 2:3, 3:5, y Similar

Cr2O3
HematitesHematites4. Óxidos
04.C: Metal:Oxígeno = 2:3, 3:5, y Similar

Fe2O3
Karelianita4. Óxidos
04.C: Metal:Oxígeno = 2:3, 3:5, y Similar

V23+O3
Tistarita4. Óxidos
04.C: Metal:Oxígeno = 2:3, 3:5, y Similar

Ti23+O3


Minerales acompañantes:

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
CalcitaCalcita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaCO3
GalenaGalena2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

PbS
LimonitaLimonita4. Óxidos
04.F: Hidróxidos (sin V ni U)

FeO(OH)·nH2O
MagnetitaMagnetita4. Óxidos
04.B: Metal:Oxígeno = 3:4 y similar

Fe2+Fe23+O4
PiritaPirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.E: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:2

FeS2
CuarzoCuarzo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

SiO2
RutiloRutilo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

TiO2
Silvestrita1. Elementos nativos
01.B: Carburos metalicos, siliciuros, nitruros y fosfuros

Fe5N2




Yacimientos y localidades de interés

Yacimientos:

Las mayores reservas del mundo de este mineral son de origen sedimentario y consituyen las denominadas itabaritas o BIF (banded iron formations) de edad precámbrica, que afloran en Brasil, Australia, EEUU, Canadá, Sudáfrica... Depósitos de tipo oolítico se encuentran en Canadá, Tenessee (EEUU) y Ucrania. Bellos cristales de hematites proceden de la isla de Elba (Italia), Bahía (Brasil) y Cumberland (Gran Bretaña).

En España es un mineral muy abundante, habiendose explotado en numerosas localidades. Desstacan los procedentes de Guadix (Granada), El Pedroso (Sevilla), Ortuella-Somorrostro (País Vasco), ...

La más famosa rosa de hierro procede del valle de Binn (Suiza), mientras que las más grandes pueden llegar a los 15 cm de diámtro son las originarias de Minas Gerais (Brasil). También de Brasil procede una variedad conocida como especularita, muy aplanada y con una superficie que recuerda un espejo.

Las martitas más bellas se han encontrado en Canadá y EEUU, comcretamente en la zona del Lago Superior y Twin Peaks (Utah).

Localidades

  • Pianiura, Campania, Italy - Localidad tipo.
  • Beni Saf, Oran, Algeria
  • Beni Saf, Oran, Algeria
  • Beni Saf, Oran, Algeria
  • Beni Saf, Oran, Algeria
  • Patagonia, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Patagonia, Argentina
  • Patagonia, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Patagonia, Argentina
  • Cerro Blanco pegmatites, Cordoba, Argentina
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Claim 84, Anticline prospect, Ashburton Downs, Western Australia, Australia
  • 132 North nickel mine, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia, Australia
  • Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Salm Chateau, Ardenne, Namur, Walloon Brabant, Belgium
  • San Francisco mine, Aranibar, Alto Chapare, Villa Tunari, Cochabamba, Bolivia
  • El Dragón mine, Quijarro, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Cerro Rico Mt., Potosí, City, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Siglo Veinte (XX) mine, Llallagua, Bustillo, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Virgin de Surumi mine, Pacajake, Chayanta, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Ibitiara, Bahia, Brazil
  • Ibitiara, Bahia , Brazil
  • Jaguaracu Pegmatite, Jaguaracu, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Jacuaracu pegmatite, Lavra de Sr. Jose Pinto, Municipo de Timoteo, Jacuaracu, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Itaibiara, Bahia, Brazil
  • Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Pedra Preta pit, Brumado mine, Sierra as Eguas, Bahia, Brazil
  • Brumado mine, Sierra as Eguas, Bahia, Brazil
  • Santa Catharina Meteorite, Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • Corrego do Urucum pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Congonhas de Campo, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Antonio Pereira, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Chapada Diamantina, Serra de Mangabeira, Bahia, Brazil
  • Madan, Rhodope Mtns., Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Craigmont Mine, Raglan twp, Renfrew Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Port Radium, Northwest Territories, Canada
  • Francon quarry, St-Michel distr., Montreal Island, Québec, Canada
  • Demix-Varennes quarry, Saint-Amable sill, Varennes, Verchéres Co., Québec, Canada
  • Evans-Lou pegmatite, near St-Pierre-de-Wakefield, Portland Twp., Papineau Co., Québec, Canada
  • Faraday mine, Faraday Township, Bancroft, Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Highland Bell mine, Beaverdell, British Columbia, Canada
  • Highway 28 Roadcut Near Belton Road, Mayo Township, Bancroft, Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Strange Lake complex, Labrador boundary 250km NEof Schefferville, Québec, Canada
  • Saranac Mine, Tory Hill, Monmouth Township, Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Atikoken, Ontario, Canada
  • Beaverdell, British Columbia, Canada
  • Beryl Pit, Lyndoch Township, Quadeville, Renfrew Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Mt St.-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada
  • Woodcox Mine, Bancroft, Monteagle Township, Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Richardson Mine, Wilberforce, Ontario, Canada
  • Rose Quartz Pit, Lyndoch Township, Quadeville, Renfrew Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Poudrette quarry, Mt St.-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada
  • Qingtian, Zhejiang, China
  • Alexander Gallery, Vrancice, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Krupka, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Medenec (Kupferberg), Chomutov, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Horni Hostice, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Moldava, Teplice, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Thurstaston Beach, Wirral, Merseyside, England
  • Tincroft mine, Redruth, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Tongue Gill Mines, Grasmere, Cumbria, England
  • Springhill quarry, Peldar Tor, Whitwick, Leicestershire, England
  • Stank Mine, Barrow, Cumbria, England
  • Potts Gill Copper Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Shallowater Mine, Bodmin Moor, Cornwall, England
  • Red Tarn Mine, Wrynose Fell, Cumbria, England
  • Restomel Royal Iron Mines, Lanlivery, Cornwall, England
  • Seathwaite Mine, Seathwaite Tarn. Conist, Cumbria, England
  • Old Sandbeds Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Old Potts Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dale Head Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Cobalt Mine, Scar Crag, Causey Pike, Cumbria, England
  • Spothow Gill, Eskdale, Cumbria, England
  • Parknoweth mine, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • South Cumberland Mine, Eskdale, Cumbria, England
  • Parkside Mine, Frizington, Cumbria, England
  • South Crofty mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Postlethwaites Moor Row, Mine, Moor Row, Cumbria, England
  • Park Mines, Askam in Furness, Cumbria, England
  • Waterblean Mine, Millom, Cumbria, England
  • Raper Mine, Alport, Derbyshire, England
  • Roughton Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Kelton Fell Mine, Knockmurton, Cumbria, England
  • Whillan Beck Trial Mn., Eskdale, Cumbria, England
  • Mowbray Mine, Hartsop, Cumbria, England
  • Nab Gill Mines, Boot, Eskdale, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Ruby, St. Austell, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Drea, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Cock, Botallack, St. Just., Cornwall, England
  • Longlands Fell Mine, Uldale, Cumbria, England
  • Lonsdale Mine, Frizington, Cumbria, England
  • Judkins quarry, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, England
  • Ecton Hill,Clayton Adi, Ecton Hill, Staffordshire, England
  • Long Crag Mine, Greenburn Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Royal Restormel mine, Lostwithiel, Cornwall, England
  • Scale Force, Ennerdale, Cumbria, England
  • Shallowwater mine, Bodmin Moor, Cornwall, England
  • Providence Iron mine, Long Ashton, Bristol, England
  • Shap Blue Quarry, Shap, Cumbria, England
  • Shap Beck Qry, Shap, Cumbria, England
  • New Florence mine, Devon, England
  • Levant mine, Pendeen, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Lindal Moor Mine, Lindal in Furness, Cumbria, England
  • Margaret Mine, Frizington, Cumbria, England
  • Graphite Mine, Seathwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Honister Trail Level, Honister, Cumbria, England
  • Hodbarrow mine, Cumbria, England
  • Hemerdon Ball, Plymton, Devon, England
  • Higher Pitts mine, Priddy, Mendip Hills, Somerset, England
  • Botallack mine, Botallack, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Brandy Gill Lead mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Brant Rake Mine, Eskdale, Cumbria, England
  • Broughton Crags Quarry, Great Broughton, Cumbria, England
  • Cannington Park Quarry, Bridgewater, Somerset, England
  • Helvellyn Mine, Thirlmere, Cumbria, England
  • Iron Crag, Ennerdale, Cumbria, England
  • Hope's Nose, Tor Bay, Torquay, Devon, England
  • Greenscoe Quarry, Dalton in Furness, Cumbria, England
  • Greenside mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • Haille Moor Mine, Beckermet, Cumbria, England
  • Halamanning Mine, St.Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • Hampstead Farm quarry, Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire, England
  • Florence mine, Egremont, Cumbria, England
  • Gillfoot Park & Helder Mines, Egremont, Cumbria, England
  • Glenderaterra Mine, Threlkeld, Cumbria, England
  • Goat Crag, Borrowdale, Cumbria, England
  • Carn Brea, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Carrock mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Crowgarth Mine, Cleator Moor, Cumbria, England
  • Fairfield Mine, Grasmere, Cumbria, England
  • Fleetwith Pike, Buttermere Fell, Cumbria, England
  • Cleaton Moor, Cumbria, England
  • Cleator Moor Iron Mines, Cleator Moor area, Cumbria, England
  • Clews Gill, Ennerdale, Cumbria, England
  • Colemans Quarry, Holwell, Nr. Frome, Somerset, England
  • Devoke Water, Eskdale, Cumbria, England
  • Croft pit, Bigrigg, Egremont, Cumbria, England
  • Crossfield Mines, Cleator Moor, Cumbria, England
  • Eskdale Moor Mine, Eskdale, Cumbria, England
  • Emerson Vein, Brandy Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Eastern Cliff, Kennack Sands, The Lizard, Cornwall, England
  • Berrier Mine, Cleator Moor, Cumbria, England
  • Bamfylde mine, Devon, England
  • Bampfylde Mine, Heasley Mill, Devon, England
  • Boscaswell Downs mine, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Beckermet Mine, Egremont, Cumbria, England
  • Bigrigg mine, Egremont, Cumbria, England
  • Barden Hill Quarry, Coalville, Leicestershire, England
  • Blengdale Mine, Eskdale, Cumbria, England
  • Blea Tarn Mine, Eskdale, Cumbria, England
  • Blackbeck Tarn, Buttermere, Cumbria, England
  • Montebras, Soumans, Creuse, Limousin, France
  • Falgayrolles, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Kafersteige mine, Pforzheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kälbelberg, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kirchheimerstollen, Müllenbach, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Krähenloch tunnel, Nußbach bei Triberg, Gutachtal, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Lautenthaler Hütte, Langelsheim, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Mommel mine, Kohlberg, Trusetal, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Mühlrain, Ruhla, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Immelsbacher Höhe, Hornberg, Gutachtal, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Biseschacht am Iberg, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Altburg, Eifel, Germany
  • Dreikönigstern, Reinerzau, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilfe Gottes mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Herzog Friedrich mine, Reinerzau, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Winterberg quarry, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Johann mine, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Ferdinand mine, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Floßberg mine, Bad Lauterberg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Friedenstein mine, Ruhla, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Geigeshalde / Falkenstein, Schramberg, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Glückauf mine, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Glücksrad mine, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Gottlob mine, Friedrichroda, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Hechtsberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Alte Gabe Gottes, Reinerzau, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Anna mine, Oberharmersbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Anton mine, Heubachtal, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Wenzel mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Orberg-Badberg, Kaiserstuhl, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Otto mine, Schottenhöfen, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Peter quarry, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Rammelsberg mine, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Rinderberg im Lautenbachtal, S Struth-Helmershof, Schmalkalden, Thüringen, Germany
  • Roßgrabeneck, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Rötenbach quarry, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Schmidt quarry, Ruhla, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Seebachfelsen, Friedrichroda, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Nesselhof, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Uranlagerstatte Mullenbach, Baden-Baden, Germany
  • Trogtal quarry, Lautenthal, Harz, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Eberhard mine, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Bärensteinbruch quarry, Radautal, Bad Harzburg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Clara mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Daniel mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Atterode mine, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Stolz quarry, Graulai, Eifel, Germany
  • Silberbrünnle mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Slabik Company Quarry, Üdersdorf, Eifel, Germany
  • Nesselgrund quarry, Schnellbach, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • St. Andreasberg, Hartz Mts, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Artenberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilarion adit, Agios Konstandinos, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Serifos, Kikladhes, Southern Aegean, Greece
  • Ivigtut, Arsuk Fjord, Greenland
  • Hormoz island, Iran
  • Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Logwood Hill, Calliagh, Co. Monaghan, Ireland
  • Carrara, Tuscany, Italy
  • Baveno, Lago Maggiore, Piedmont, Italy
  • Rio Marina, Elba, Tuscany, Italy
  • Punta Bianca, La Spezia, Italy
  • Mount Vesuvius, Naples, Campania, Italy
  • Molinello mine, Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Ligurian Briançonnais Domain, Maritime Alps, Italy
  • Lago di Vico, Lazio (Latium), Italy
  • Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Fuka mine, Bicchu-cho, Kawakami, Okayama Pref., Japan
  • Kyonosawa, Mitomi-mura, Higashiyamanashi, Yamanashi Pref., Japan
  • Sarbay silver mine, Rudni, Kusteni Oblast, Kazakhstan
  • Chauvay, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Chaidarkan, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Mt Malosa, Zomba, Malawi
  • Zomba district, Malawi
  • Cerro de Mercado, Durango, Mexico
  • La Esperanza mine, Durango, Mexico
  • Mina Ojuela, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico
  • Ahumada & Erupcion mines, Sierra de Los Lamentos, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Aquilesas Serdan, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Boleo, Santa Rosalia, Baja California, Mexico
  • Berg Aukas, Otavi, Namibia
  • Abaneb West mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kombat mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Finsterbergen Prospect, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Lake Gjerdingen, Nordmarka, Oslo, Norway
  • Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway
  • Buö, Arendal, Froland, Aust-Agder, Norway
  • Einerkilen, Flåt, Evje, Aust-Agder, Norway
  • Tormiq Valley, Skardu Road, Gilgat, Northern Areas, Pakistan
  • Panasqueira mine, Panasqueira, Beira-Beixa, Portugal
  • Karasug, Tannu-Ola, Tuva, Siberia, Russia
  • Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Puiva, Saranpual, Polar Urals, Russia
  • Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Dodo mine, Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Ekaterinberg, Sverdlovsk, Ural Mts., Russia
  • Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Srednyaya Padma deposit, Karelia, Russia
  • Aldan Shield, Yakutiya, Siberia, Russia
  • Mannoch Hill Mine, Lesmahgow, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • Orrock Quarry, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland
  • Iron/copper trial, Kilchrist, Broadford, Isle of Skye, Scotland
  • Ardownie quarry, Monifieth, Tayside, Scotland
  • Auchenlongford Haematite Mine, Sorn, East Ayrshire, Scotland
  • Auchinleck, Auchencairn, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Strathclyde/Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Hartfield Moss, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Port Glasgow, Renfrewshire, Scotland
  • Whyte's Cleuch, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Loanhead quarry, near Beith, Strathclyde, Scotland
  • Boyleston Quarry, Barrhead, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Coatsgate Quarry, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Glencrieff Mine, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Pezinok Mine, Malé Karpaty Mts, Slovakia
  • N'Chwaning II mine, Kalahari, Cape Province, South Africa
  • Messina, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Wessels mine, Kalahari Mn field, Kuruman Hill, Cape Province, South Africa
  • Rio Tinto mines, Huelva, Spain
  • Långban mines, Bergslagen ore district, Värmland, Sweden
  • Kollergraben, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland
  • Mt Cherbadung, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland
  • New Gotthard Gallery, Central Switzerland
  • Fibba, near Airolo, Ticino, Switzerland
  • Cavradi-Schlucht, Graubünden, Switzerland
  • Murfreesboro, Pike Co., Arkansas, USA
  • NE Thomas Range, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Nevel mine, Newry, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • McCormick (Ide Ledge) quarry, East Providence, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Magma Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mohawk Mine, Goldfield, Esmeralda Co., Nevada, USA
  • Mohawk mine, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Morgantown, Burke Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Montreal Mine/Carey Mine, Montreal (near Hurley), Iron Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Camp Bird/Dunmore/Monarch Mtn/Portland Mines et., Ouray Area, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Central York Mts., West Seward Peninsula, Alaska, USA
  • Central mine, Keweenaw Co., Michigan, USA
  • Cecil Park, New York, USA
  • Mammoth-St. Anthony mine, Tiger, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mamouth Mine, Tiger, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Philadelphia, Jefferson Co., New York, USA
  • Marquette, Marquette Co., Michigan, USA
  • Mistake Mine, Wickenburg, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mineville, Essex Co., New York, USA
  • Mineral Park Mine, Ithaca Peak, Mohave Co., Arizona, USA
  • Middletown, Newport Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Menominee Range, Dickinson & Iron Co., Michigan, USA
  • Memphis Mine, Organ district, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • McKiernan & Bergin quarry, Paterson, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Obsidian Cliffs, Lane Co., Oregon, USA
  • Mazatzal Mts., Four Peaks, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mariposa mine, Terlingua district, Brewster Co., Texas, USA
  • Manton Avenue quarry, Providence, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Pikes Peak, Teller Co., Colorado, USA
  • Castle Point, Hoboken, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Case Coal mine, Portsmouth, Newport Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Chester Emery mine, Chester, Hampden Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Chapel Hill, Orange Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Champion mine, White Mountains, Mono Co., California, USA
  • Champion mine, near Laws, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Christmas Mine, Hayden, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Benson Mines, Newton Falls/Star Lake, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Bell Pit, Newry, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Bayer-Mingolla Quarry, Ashland, Norfolk Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Barringer Hill, Blufton, Llano Co., Texas, USA
  • Balmat-Edwards District, Governor, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Aztec Peak, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Atwood mine, Lisbon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Ashaway Village, Hopkinton, Washington Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Cheyenne Area, Iron Mountain, Wyoming, USA
  • Bristol Ferry, Bristol, Bristol Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Cartersville district, Bartow Co., Georgia, USA
  • Callahan mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Butte General Area, Montana, USA
  • Burro Mountain Area, Central District, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Bumpass Cove District, Erwin Area, Unicoi Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Browns Creek Area, Natrop/Mount Antero, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Brown & Linville Mts. Area, Burke Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Chino ore body, Central Mining District, Grant Co., Nevada, USA
  • Gold Mine, Great Falls, Baltimore Co., Maryland, USA
  • Clip mine, Yuma, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Cinque quarry, East Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Cincinnati mine, St. Peter's Dome, Pikes Peak Region, El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Chittenden, Rutland Co., Vermont, USA
  • Brinton's Quarry etc, Chester, Delaware Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Platteville Area, Iowa Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Area mines, Brindletown, Burke Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Little Patsy quarry, Jefferson Co., Colorado, USA
  • Liberty Copper/Dolly Hyde Copper Mines, Libertytown, Fredrick Co., Maryland, USA
  • Iron Ridge Mines, Marion Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Lexington, Davidson Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Lee Lime quarry, Lee, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Ledge Mine, Surry, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Laurel Hill (Snake Hill), Secaucus/Bergen Hill Area, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Lane & Sons Traprock quarrys, Westfield, Hampden Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Hartville iron-copper district, Platte Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Harriman prospect, Union, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Harquahala Mining district, near Salome, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Great Notch Quarry, Little Falls, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Graves Mt., Lincoln Co., Georgia, USA
  • Loudville Lead Mine, Loudville, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Liberty Bell and Washington Pass, Okanogan Co., Washington, USA
  • Antwerp, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Andover Iron Mines, Andover, Morris Co., New York, USA
  • Anaconda Area, Deer Lodge Co., Montana, USA
  • Amity, Orange Co., New York, USA
  • Amelia (Gallo) mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • 79 Mine, Banner District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Kirwin copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Keystone-Douglas Creek gold-copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Lake Buchanan, Clear Creek, Burnet Co., Texas, USA
  • Jamestown, Newport Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Jackson/Superior Mines etc, Negaunee, Marquette Co., Michigan, USA
  • Italian Mt. Area, Aspen, Gunnison Co., Colorado, USA
  • Ishpenning Mines, Marquette Co., Michigan, USA
  • Granite Gap, Hidalgo Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Grand Reef mine, Laurel Canyon, Aravaipa mining distr., Graham Co., Arizona, USA
  • Grace Mine, Morgantown, Berks Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Paoli Area, Garvin Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Paint mine, Rumford, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Pea Ridge mine, Sullivan Co., Missouri, USA
  • Ortiz Mine, Old Placers district, Santa Fe Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Old Guard Mine, Tombstone, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Okimah, Okfuskee Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Ochee Springs, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Lubec Lead mine, Lubec, Washington Co., Maine, USA
  • Pacific mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Quartzite, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Providence, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Princess mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • New Rambler copper-gold-platinum district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Papago mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Park City & Alta, Clayton Peak, Utah, USA
  • Governor Pit, Albany, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Hamburg Mine, Trigo Mts., Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Iron Mt. mines, Bartlett, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Iron Mountain Mine, Iron Mountain, Missouri, USA
  • Hunting Hill quarry, Rockville, Montgomery Co., Maryland, USA
  • Hovey Mt. Manganese prospect, T9 R3 WELS, Aroostock Co., Maine, USA
  • Henderson, Vance Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Iron Springs District, Cedar City Area, Utah, USA
  • Hilltop mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Hill Top Mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • North Mountain Serpentine locality, Cheshire, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Park City, Summit Co., Utah, USA
  • Poker Hill, Ashton, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Dives mine, La Paz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Sunnyside mine, Silverton Mining District, Howardsville, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Surl, Person Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Swansea, Utah, USA
  • Taunton Copper Company Coal mines, Portsmouth, Newport Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Thomas Range, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Willis Mountain Mine, Willis Mountain Area (near Farmville), Buckingham Co., Virginia, USA
  • White Mt. Batholith Pegmatite District, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Woodward Iron Mines, Vance, Tuscaloosa Co., Alabama, USA
  • Wheatfield Iron Mine, Wheatfield/Sinking Spring, Berks Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Yedlin Locality mine, Topsham, Sagadahoc Co., Maine, USA
  • Zinc Mines, Timberville, Virginia, USA
  • Rawhide Mine, Rawhide Butte Area, Mohave Co., Arizona, USA
  • Wallace/Dixon Eutis/Southern Mines etc, Kings Creek, Cherokee County, South Carolina, USA
  • Steere Farm, Harrisville, Burrillville, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Standpipe Hill Quarries, Topsham Township, Sagadahoc Co., Maine, USA
  • Topaz cove, Thomas Range, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Tilly Foster Mine, Brewster, Putnam Co., New York, USA
  • Tilcon Capaldi quarry, Acushnet, Bristol Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Tuscon Mine, Leadville, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Trail Creek mine area, Converse Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Tungsten Mine, Trumbull, Fairfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Thomasville, Pennsylvania, USA
  • Upper New Street Quarry, Paterson, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Stockbridge Valley Brown Iron Ore District, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Sterling Mine, Antwerp, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Sterling Hill and Franklin Furnace, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • State Route 30 locality, Long Lake, Hamilton Co., New York, USA
  • Stove Mt., El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Walker Valley, Skagit Co., Washington, USA
  • Warren Nickel prospect, Warren, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Watchung Mountain Quarries, Mountainside, Union Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Sheahan Quarry etc, Graniteville, Iron Co., Missouri, USA
  • Red Mountain Formation, Birmingham, Jefferson Co., Alabama, USA
  • Sneech Pond Copper mine, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Snow/Sackett/Marcia/Old/Melvin/Wright Mines etc, Chester, Hampden Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Southwest mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Red Cloud Mine, Trego Mts., La Paz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Rawley Mine, Thebna, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Specialty Minerals quarry, Adams, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Revelation mine, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Showalter Quarry/Blueball Stone Co., East Earle Township/Lancaster, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Sierra Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Reymert Mine, Near Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Reed/Bechtel/Snively/Russel/Bingham, Adams Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • "Redstone Red Granite"" quarry, Conway, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA"
  • Rockport, Cape Ann, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Wah Wah Mountain range, Utah, USA
  • Waterford, North Smithfield, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Wausau Plateau, Rib Mountain, Marathon Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Summit Rock, Douglas Co., Oregon, USA
  • Road Gulch, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Scrub Oaks Mine, Dover, Morris Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Rin Mountain, Wausau, Marathon Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Shattuck mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Shavano Peak, Colorado, USA
  • Ruby Mountain, Nathrop, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Royal Gorge Area, Fremont Co., Colorado, USA
  • Ruth/Consolidated/Pit/Betty Joe Mines, Ely, White Pine Co., Nevada, USA
  • San Pedro Mine, Hiriart Hill, San Diego Co., California, USA
  • Silver King Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • De Lamar, Owyhee Co., Idaho, USA
  • Bouse, Yuma Co., Arizona, USA
  • Forge Hill iron mines, West Hawley, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Fairfax Quarry, Centreville, Fairfax Co., Virginia, USA
  • Evergreen mine, near Apex, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Encampment copper district, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Elkhorn (near Boulder), Jefferson Co., Montana, USA
  • Clubbs Mountain, Alexis, Gaston Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Fat Jack mine, Lane Mt., Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Garret Mountain Quarries, Paterson, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Manton, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Glendon, Moore Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Gibbonsville Area, Lehmi Co., Idaho, USA
  • General, West Virginia, USA
  • General, Mesabi Iron Range, Itasca & St.Louis Co., Minnesota, USA
  • Flux Mine, Harshaw District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Fenners Ledge, Cranston, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Blue Mountain, Virginia, USA
  • Blue Berry Mt., Woburn, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Bristol, Bristol Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Black Hawk mine, Black Hawk district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Black Hawk district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Black Dixie Mine, Bailey Mtn., Yancey Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Betts Manganese Mine, Plainfield, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Bessemer Iron Claim/Gifford Lakes, North Bend, KIngs Co., Washington, USA
  • Blue Bell Mine, Baker, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Florissant Crystal Peak Area, Teller Co., Colorado, USA
  • Fisher Hill Mine, Greensboro, Guilford Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Fernando Mine/etc, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • General Area, Picher/Commerce/Quapaw/Miami/Peoria, Ottowa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • General Area, Jasper & Newton counties, Missouri, USA
  • Edwards, Gouverneur, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Conklin Limestone Quarry, Lincoln, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
  • Coeur d'Alene, Mullan Canyon Creek Area, Idaho, USA
  • Cordero Mine, McDermitt, Humbolt Co., Nevada, USA
  • Diamond Hill Iron prospects, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • East Greenwich, Kent Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Eagle Mountain Mine Area, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Dunton Quarry etc, Newry Township, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Dubuque Area, Dubuque Co., Iowa, USA
  • Dorsey Mansion Area, Point of Rocks Mesa, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Crystal Park, Manitou Springs-Pikes Peak Area, El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Diamond Hill/Sneech Pond Copper Mines, Cumberland, Rhode Island, USA
  • Crystal Peak/Topaz Butte etc, Lake George Area, Park Co., Colorado, USA
  • Denny Mountain Area, King Co., Washington, USA
  • Conklin quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Construction Materials Corp. quarry, Tiverton, Newport Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Copper Knob Mine, Ashenty, North Carolina, USA
  • Galena/Baxter Springs/Lawton, Cherokee Co., Kansas, USA
  • Galena General Area, Jo Davies Co., Illinois, USA
  • French Creek Mines, Knauertown, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Franconia Iron mine, Sugar Hill, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Fowler, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • General Area, Franklin, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Copper Mt pegmatite district, Fremont Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Crooker prospect, Newry, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Crestmore Quarry, Crestmore, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Courtland-Gleeson District, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Cornwall, Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Copper Mountain Area, Sulzer/Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, USA
  • Llanharry Hematite Mine,Llanharry, Mid Glamorgan, Wales
  • Bute Mine, Llantrisant, Mid Glamorgan, Wales
  • Parys Mountain mine, Anglesey, Wales
  • Taffs Well quarry, Cardiff, Wales
  • Kipushi mine, Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Lueshe mine, North Kivu, Zaire
  • Musonoi mine, Kolwezi, Shaba, Zaire


Usos

Aunque no es el mineral más rico en hierro, es junto a la magnetita, la principal mena de hierro y la base de la siderurgia y la industria tradicional.

Aunque no goza de gran importancia en gemología, el hematites se ha utilizado desde la antigüedad como gema. A ella se le han atribuido propiedades terapéuticas y mágicas.

Referencias y bibliografía

American Mineralogist, vol. 51, p.123, (1966)

Fotografías de Hematites




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