Esfalerita

Características generales


Datos generales


Fórmula: ZnS
Sistema de cristalización: Cúbico
Lustre: Resinoso - graso
Color: Varía entre amarillento y gris
Dureza: 3,5-4
Rareza: común
Características distintivas: Hábito cristalino, raya, fractura, alto lustro, dureza y macla
Grupo de minerales: Grupo de la Esfalerita
La esfalerita es un mineral compuesto por sulfuro de zinc (ZnS) que anteriormente era conocida como blenda de cinc o blenda acaramelada. Es un mineral semiduro y pesado, perfectamente exfoliable y de fractura irregular a concoidea. Su color es variable según la especie, esto es, desde tonalidades amarillo-verdosas hasta pardo-rojizas pero con un denominador común, su ennegrecimiento en función de la proporción de hierro (sobretodo), manganeso o cadmio que contenga.

La marmatita o variedad rica en hierro es negruzca, presenta brillo submetálico y es opaca, a diferencia de las otras variedades que son traslucidas. La cristofita contiene aproximadamente un 25% de Fe, la cleiofana un contenido mínimo en Fe y la pribamita presenta algo de Cd.

El Zn está casi siempre sustituido de forma parcial por Fe, dependiendo la cantidad o porcentaje de éste, de la temperatura en el momento de cristalización, amén de la cantidad de Fe disponible en el entorno. Cuanta más temperatura, más Fe; por tanto, la esfalerita puede ser utilizada como "termómetro geológico".


Fotografías

Puedes ver 2 fotografías de Esfalerita en su galería de fotografías.

Polimorfos



Clasificación

Estado IMA: Válido. Descrito con antelación a 1959 (pre-IMA), se considera un mineral clásico o histórico (grandfathered)

Nickel-Strunz : 02.CB.05a
  • 2: Sulfuros y sulfosales
  • 02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)
  • 02.CB: Con Zn,Fe,Cu,Ag,Au,etc

Dana 8th ed. : 2.8.2.1

Etimología:

La palabra esfalerita deriva del término griego sphaleros que significa "traidor"; el otro término por el cual también es conocida, blenda, proviene del alemán blenden que significa ofuscar pues pese a su parecido con la galena no daba p



Formación y ambiente

La esfalerita es un mineral muy común, de origen hidrotermal de media temperatura, asociada a la galena, pirita, marcasita, pirrotina, magnetita y a otros minerales como calcita, barita y fluorita.

Accesorio, hidrotermal de baja y media temperatura, postmagmático, sedimenario, filones

Propiedades fisicas

Hábito: Aparece en cristales tetraedricos o psudotetraedricos, éstos últimos con los bordes achaflanados, frecuentemente maclados bien por macla simple, polisintética o por compenetración. Son también frecuentes los agregados cristalinos, estalactíticos y compactos.

La estructura cristalina de la esfalerita es similar a la del diamante, un empaquetamiento cubico compacto de átomos de S y Zn. La esfalerita presenta dos polimorfos: Wurzita y la matraita que cristalizan en el sistema hexagonal y trigonal, respectivamente.

Lustre: Resinoso - graso

Transparencia: Transparente, Translúcido

Color: Varía entre amarillento y gris

Color en sección fina: Incolora

Raya: Blanca a amarillo impuro

Dureza (Mohs): 3,5-4

Tenacidad: Frágil

Fractura: Desigual

Densidad: 3,9-4,2 g/cm3 (medida) | 4,1 g/cm3 (calculada)

Cristalografía

Sistema cristalino: Cúbico

Clase (H-M): -1m (4*3m) - Hextetrahedral

Grupo espacial: F 4*3m

Parámetros de la celda: a=5,406Å

Volumen de unidad de celda: V 157,99Å

Z: 4

Macla: Generalmente polisintéticas, simples o por compene

Difracción de Rayos X:
Difracción de Rayos X
D(hkl)Intensidad
3,123100
1,91251
1,63330

Propiedades ópticas

Tipo: Isotrópico

Valores RI: nα= 2,36

Dispersión: Ninguna

Reflectancia:
Reflectancia
D(hkl)Intensidad
470.017,2
546.016,3
589.016
650.015,8


Propiedades químicas

Fórmula: ZnS

Elementos químicos: Zn, S

Composición química: Fe: 2,88%, S: 33,06%, Zn: 64,06%,

Tests químicos

Fusibilidad: 4; Mineral tipo: Actinolita; Punto de fusión: 1200ºC; Funde con soplete, se redondean aristas
Reacción a los ácidos: Se disuelve en HCl con la liberación de ácido sulfhídrico.
Color de la llama: Verde
Formación de sublimados: Cubre el tubo con sublimado (amarillo en caliente, blanco en frío), que se vuelve verde con la adición de nitrato de cobalto.

Otras propiedades

Fluorescente:
Triboluminiscente: Yellow-white, red, orange or blue


Relaciones con otros minerales

Miembro del grupo de minerales: Grupo de la Esfalerita

Minerales pertenecientes al Grupo de la Esfalerita

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
Browneita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
:

MnS
Coloradoita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

HgTe
EsfaleritaEsfalerita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

ZnS
Hawleyita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

CdS
Ishiharaita.
:

(Cu,Ga,Fe,In,Zn)S
Metacinabrio2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

HgS
Rudashevskyita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

(Fe,Zn)S
Stilleita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

ZnSe
Tiemannita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

HgSe


Minerales acompañantes:

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
BaritaBarita7. Sulfatos
07.A: Sulfatos (selenatos, etc.) sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

BaSO4
CalcitaCalcita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaCO3
CalcopiritaCalcopirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

CuFeS2
DolomitaDolomita5. Carbonatos (nitratos)
05.A: Carbonatos sin aniones adicionales, sin H2O

CaMg(CO3)2
FluoritaFluorita3. Haluros
03.A: Haluros simples, sin H2O

CaF2
GalenaGalena2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

PbS
MagnetitaMagnetita4. Óxidos
04.B: Metal:Oxígeno = 3:4 y similar

Fe2+Fe23+O4
MarcasitaMarcasita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.E: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:2

FeS2
PiritaPirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.E: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:2

FeS2
PirrotinaPirrotina2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

Fe7S8
CuarzoCuarzo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

SiO2
TetraedritaTetraedrita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13




Yacimientos y localidades de interés

Yacimientos:

Sin duda alguna, los yacimientos más importantes, tanto por volumen como por la calidad de sus ejemplares, son los que se encuentran en Cantabria. La esfalerita en su variedad espática acaramelada con diversos colores aparece en Camaleño en los Picos de Europa con origen hidrotermal. Las mineralizaciones estratiformes sedimentarias de Reocín son las más importantes de España. Se trata de esfaleritas ferríferas que contienen además pequeñas proporciones de indio, germanio y galio. Destacan ejemplares de excepcional belleza en la mina "Aliva" próxima a Comillas empleadas incluso en gemología. Son también muy importantes las mineralizaciones filonianas de esfalerita del Pais Vasco en Carranza, Lanestosa, Barambio, Villarreal, Beasain, Durango, Legorreta, S. de Aralar y las de Vera de Bidasoa (Navarra). Curiosos ejemplares se han encontrado en Ceraín (Guipúzcoa), donde los cristales presentan caras curvas de romboedro y triaquisoctaedro sobre la Dolomita. Muchas variedades en Oñate (Guipúzcoa) y cristalitos muy brillantes aparecen en Layos (Toledo).

Localidades

  • Bona, Constantine, Algeria
  • Bona, Constantine, Algeria
  • Bona, Constantine, Algeria
  • Bona, Constantine, Algeria
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Mir Oceanic Ore Mound, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Atlantic Ocean
  • Mir Oceanic Ore Mound, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Atlantic Ocean
  • Mir Oceanic Ore Mound, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Atlantic Ocean
  • Mir Oceanic Ore Mound, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Atlantic Ocean
  • Trial Harbour nickel mine, Remine, Tasmania, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Heazlewood Mine, Heazlewood, Tasmania, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Bischoff, Waratah, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Trial Harbour nickel mine, Remine, Tasmania, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Heazlewood Mine, Heazlewood, Tasmania, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Bischoff, Waratah, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Heazlewood Mine, Heazlewood, Tasmania, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Heazlewood Mine, Heazlewood, Tasmania, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Trial Harbour nickel mine, Remine, Tasmania, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Isa Mine, Mt Isa, Queensland, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Bischoff, Waratah, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Cygnet, Tasmania, Australia
  • Trial Harbour nickel mine, Remine, Tasmania, Australia
  • Proprietary mine, Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Bischoff, Waratah, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mt Cleveland Mine, Luina, Tasmania, Australia
  • Colebrook Hill, Rosebery, Tasmania, Australia
  • Brandrücken, Kärnten, Austria
  • Brandrücken, Kärnten, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Brandrücken, Kärnten, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Breitenau am Hochlantsch Mine, Styria, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Breitenau am Hochlantsch Mine, Styria, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Breitenau am Hochlantsch Mine, Styria, Austria
  • Neufinkenstein-Grabanz, Mallestiger Mittagskogel, Finkenstein, Villach, Kärnten, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schellgaden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Annaberg, Lower Austria, Austria
  • Breitenau am Hochlantsch Mine, Styria, Austria
  • Brandrücken, Kärnten, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Engis, Liege, Walloon, Belgium
  • Ongree, Le Perron, Belgium
  • Siglo Veinte (XX) mine, Llallagua, Bustillo, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Pulacayo mine, Huanchaca, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Oruro City, Oruro Dept., Bolivia
  • Mina Flores mine, Huanuni district, Oruro Dept., Bolivia
  • Viloco mine, Loayza, La Paz, Bolivia
  • Aliada Mine, Colquechata Mt., Chayanta, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Aceromarca mine, Mururata 2, Sud Yungas, La Paz, Bolivia
  • Cerro Rico Mt., Potosí, City, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Lavra do Énio pegmatite, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Jove Lauriano mine, Linóplis, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Sapucaia pegmatite mine, near Galileia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Urubu pegmatite, Araçuai, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Ossikovo, Ruse, Bulgaria
  • Madan, Rhodope Mtns., Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Silver Islet mine, Lake Superior, Ontario, Canada
  • Tanco pegmatite, Bernic Lake, Manitoba, Canada
  • Rapid Creek, Big Fish River - Blow River Area, Yukon Territory, Canada
  • Highland Bell mine, Beaverdell, British Columbia, Canada
  • Highway 28 Roadcut Near Belton Road, Mayo Township, Bancroft, Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Lac Nicolet mine, Ham Sud, Wolfe Co., Québec, Canada
  • Lake George antimony mine, York Co., New Brunswick, Canada
  • Lincoln Quarry, Beamsville, Ontario, Canada
  • Nanisivik Mine, Baffin Island, Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Canada
  • Mount Hundere, near Watson Lake, Southern Yukon Territory, Canada
  • Mt Hundere, near Watson Lake, Yukon Territory, Canada
  • Van Silver mine, Brandywine Creek, British Columbia, Canada
  • Mt St.-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada
  • Rogers Fluorspar mine, Huntingdon Township, Madoc, Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Beaverdell, British Columbia, Canada
  • Dundas Quarry, Wentworth Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Francon quarry, St-Michel distr., Montreal Island, Québec, Canada
  • Demix-Varennes quarry, Saint-Amable sill, Varennes, Verchéres Co., Québec, Canada
  • Henderson No.2 mine, Chibougamau, Abitibi Co., Québec, Canada
  • Desmont Mine, Wilberforce, Monmouth Township, Haliburton Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Cameron Quarry, Carleton Place, Ontario, Canada
  • East Kemptville Tin Mine, East Kemptville, Yarmouth Co., Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Silvana mine, Sandon, British Columbia, Canada
  • Noranda mine, Rouyn district, Québec, Canada
  • Port Radium, Northwest Territories, Canada
  • Poudrette quarry, Mt St.-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada
  • Tao Ling mine, Yue Yang City, Hunan Province, China
  • Ruerogai, Sichuan Province, China
  • Kaiyang, Guizhou Province, China
  • Horni Slavkov, Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • Medenec (Kupferberg), Chomutov, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Lill mine, Brezove hory (Birkenberg), Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Krupka, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Krasna Hora nad Vltavou, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Kank, Kutna Hora, Stredocesky kraj, Bohemia, Czech Republic
  • Moldava, Teplice, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Horni Hostice, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Horni Bory, Zdar nad Sazavou, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Bohutin, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Borovec, Zdar nad Sazavou, Maehren, Czech Republic
  • Alexander Gallery, Vrancice, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Vernerov, Severocesky, Czech Republic
  • Policany, Kutna Hora, Czech Republic
  • Trebsko Deposit, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Predborice, Stredocesky kraj, Bohemia, Czech Republic
  • Wheal Boys, St. Endellion, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Brothers, Calstock, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Concord, Blackwater, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Gorland, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Hearle, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Jane, Kea, Truro, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Owles, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Vale Road Quarry, Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Nether Row Brow, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Hilton mine, Scordale, Cumbria, England
  • Judkins quarry, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, England
  • Wheal Alfred, Phillack, Cornwall, England
  • Wetgrooves Mine, Aysgarth, Yorkshire, England
  • Stormy point, Alderly Edge, Cheshire, England
  • Swinhope Moor, Northumberland, England
  • Thornthwaite Mine, Thornthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Threlkeld Quarry, Threlkeld, Cumbria, England
  • Tilberthwaite Gill, Tilberthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Trevaunance mine, St. Agnes, Cornwall, England
  • Shap Blue Quarry, Shap, Cumbria, England
  • Wanthwaite Mine, St. John's in the Vale, Cumbria, England
  • Roughton Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Wet Swine Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Kerriack Cove, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Kilmersdon Colliery Dump, Radstock, Somerset, England
  • Oughterside open cast, Coal site, Nr. Aspatria, Cumbria, England
  • Pave York Mine, Greenburn Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • Rampgill Mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Red Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Robin Hood mine, Bassenthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Rorrington Mine, Chirbury, Shropshire, England
  • Myers Head Mine, Hartsop, Cumbria, England
  • Wheal Penrose, Porthleven, Cornwall, England
  • Yewthwaite Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Old Sandbeds Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Old Potts Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Old Millclose Mine, Matlock, Derbyshire, England
  • Ladywash mine, Eyam, Derbyshire, England
  • Ladywell mine, Shelve, Shropshire, England
  • Manesty Vein, Grange, Borrowdale, Cumbria, England
  • Meldon BR Quarry, Okehampton, Devon, England
  • Millclose mine, Wensley, Derbyshire, England
  • Milltown Quarry, Ashover, Derbyshire, England
  • Shap Pink Quarry, Shap, Cumbria, England
  • Nentsberry Haggs mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Wyndham Pit, Nr. Egremont, Cumbria, England
  • Newdigate Colliery, Nr. Bedworth, Warwickshire, England
  • Woodleaze Quarry, Tytherington Quarries, Gloucestershire, England
  • Snailbeach mine, Snailbeach, Shropshire, England
  • Botallack mine, Botallack, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Bannerdale Graphite Mine, Mungrisdale, Cumbria, England
  • Aston Magna Brickworks, Gloucestershire, England
  • Barrow Mine, Braithwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Geevor mine, Trewellard, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Goat Crag, Borrowdale, Cumbria, England
  • Fall Gate quarry, near Ashover, Derbyshire, England
  • Fleetwith Pike, Buttermere Fell, Cumbria, England
  • Engine Vein, Alderley Edge, Shropshire, England
  • Frazer's Hush mine, Rookhope, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Force Crag Mine, Keswick, Cumbria, England
  • Carrock mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Castle Nook Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Burtree Pasture mine, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Bonser Mine, Coniston copper mines, Cumbria, England
  • Brownley Hill Pb-Zn mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Brandelhow Mine, Brandlehow, Cumbria, England
  • Brae Fell mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Bounds Cliff, St. Endellion, Cornwall, England
  • Brandy Gill Lead mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Blackbeck Tarn, Buttermere, Cumbria, England
  • Boltsburn mine, Rookhope, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Blagill mine, Alston moor, Cumbria, England
  • Callow Hill Quarry, Pontesbury, Shropshire, England
  • Gregory mine, Ashover, Derbyshire, England
  • Greenside mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • Dale Mine, Ecton, Staffordshire, England
  • Chiverton mine, Perranzabuloe, Cornwall, England
  • Eagle Crag Mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • Croft Gothal mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England
  • Coldstones Quarry, Greenhow, Yorkshire, England
  • Coniston Copper Mines, Coniston, Cumbria, England
  • Dale Head Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Clevedon Beach, Somerset, England
  • Waterbank mine, Ecton, Staffordshire, England
  • Silver Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Smallcleugh mine, Nenthead, Cumbria, England
  • Dry Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Driggith Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Greystones quarry, Lezant, Cornwall, England
  • Greenlaws Mine, Daddry Shield, Weardale, Co. Durham, England
  • Greenburn Mine, Greenburn Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Hellens Mine, Tilberthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Hartsop Hall Mine, Brothers Water, Cumbria, England
  • Hampstead Farm quarry, Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire, England
  • Great Chiverton Consols, Perranzabuloe, Cornwall, England
  • Graphite Mine, Seathwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Goldscope Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Fowey Consols mine, Tywardreath (St. Blazey), Cornwall, England
  • Great Wheal Chiverton, Perranzabuloe, Cornwall, England
  • Jokisivu (Kujankallio), Huittinen, Turku-Pori, Finland
  • Les Farges mine, Corrèze, Limousin, France
  • Huelgoat, Poullaouen, Brittany, France
  • Monsols, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Tistoulet mine, Padern, Aude, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Le Vialas, Lozère, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Les Malines mine, Montdardier, Cervennes, Auvergne, France
  • Mas d'Alary, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • Jas Roux, Valgaudemar, Haute-Alpes, France
  • Cap Garonne, Le Pradet, Var, France
  • Falgayrolles, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Bousiéyas, Alpes-Maritimes, France
  • Chazelle, Pontgibaud, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne, France
  • Chessy-les-Mines, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Ludwig mine, Aldersbachtal, Hausach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Lautenthaler Hütte, Langelsheim, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Kirchheimerstollen, Müllenbach, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kafersteige mine, Pforzheim, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Johann mine, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilfe Gottes mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Himmelfürst mine, Freiberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Huneberg quarry, Bad Harzburg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Herzog-Julius-Hütte, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Uranlagerstatte Mullenbach, Baden-Baden, Germany
  • St. Andreasberg, Hartz Mts, Niedersachsen, Germany
  • Rammelsberg mine, Goslar, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Roßgrabeneck, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Wenzel mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Daniel mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Anton mine, Heubachtal, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Anna mine, Oberharmersbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Artenberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Bärensteinbruch quarry, Radautal, Bad Harzburg, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Gangzug Prinzbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Fohberg, Kaiserstuhl, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Geigeshalde / Falkenstein, Schramberg, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Heimberg quarry, Möncheholz, Langelsheim, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Hechtsberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Glücksrad mine, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Glückauf mine, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Clara mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilarion adit, Agios Konstandinos, Laurion, Attica, Greece
  • Chondro Vuono, Milos, Kikladhes, Southern Aegean, Greece
  • Fiskenaesset, Nuuk, Greenland
  • Fiskenaesset, Greenland
  • Ivigtut, Arsuk Fjord, Greenland
  • Winterswijk, Gelderland, Holland
  • Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Keel, Co. Longford, Ireland
  • Killiney, Co. Dublin, Ireland
  • Navan mine, Navan, Co. Meath, Ireland
  • Vale of Avoca, Co. Wicklow, Ireland
  • Luganure mines, Glendasan, Co. Wicklow, Ireland
  • Mogul mine, Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Tynagh mine, Co. Galway, Ireland
  • Allihies mine, Castletown, Bearhaven, Co. Cork, Ireland
  • Snaefell Mine, Laxey, Snaefell, Isle of Man
  • North Laxey Mine, Laxey, Isle of Man
  • Great Laxey Mine, Laxey, Isle of Man
  • Ballacorkish Mine, Colby, Bradda, Isle of Man
  • Mount Vesuvius, Naples, Campania, Italy
  • Is Murvonis Mine, Domusnovas, Iglesias district, Sardinia, Italy
  • Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca, Italy
  • Seravezza, Tuscany, Italy
  • Buca della Vena mine, Stazzema, Alpe Apuane, Lucca, Tuscany, Italy
  • Carrara, Tuscany, Italy
  • Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan
  • Sarbay silver mine, Rudni, Kusteni Oblast, Kazakhstan
  • Chaidarkan, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Chauvay, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Mina Ojuela, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico
  • Mina Noche Buena, near Mazapil, Zacatecas, Mexico
  • Mina Bonanza, Concepcion del Oro, Zacatecas, Mexico
  • Cananea, Sonora, Mexico
  • Aquilesas Serdan, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Ahumada & Erupcion mines, Sierra de Los Lamentos, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Guerrero, Mexico
  • Wolkenhaben, Otavi, Namibia
  • Nosib mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kombat mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Abaneb West mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Aris quarry, Windhoek, Namibia
  • Auros, Otavi, Namibia
  • Berg Aukas, Otavi, Namibia
  • Harasib Prospects, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway
  • Buö, Arendal, Froland, Aust-Agder, Norway
  • Colquijirca mine, Tinyahuarco district, Pasco Province, Pasco Dept., Peru
  • Casapalca Mine, Lima Dept., Peru
  • Castro Virreyana mine, near Lima, Peru
  • Castrovirreyana mine, near Lima, Peru
  • Huaron mine, Pasco Dept., Peru
  • Uchucchacua District, Dos de mayo Prov., Huanuco Dept., Peru
  • Baroca Grande mine, Panasqueira, Beira-Beixa, Portugal
  • Panasqueira mine, Panasqueira, Beira-Beixa, Portugal
  • Baita Mine, Nucet, Bihor Co., Western Carpathians, Romania
  • Nikolaevskiy, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Mutnovskoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Mt Alluaiv and Mt. Karnasurt, Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia
  • Mt Koashva, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia
  • Murun massif, Davan, Torgo river basin, Aldan Shield, Yakutia, Siberia, Russia
  • Puiva, Saranpual, Polar Urals, Russia
  • Rodnikovoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Verchniy Mine, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Vuoriyarvi massif, North Karelia, Murmansk region, Kola Peninsula, Russia
  • Yubileinaya pegmatite, Karnasurt Mt, Lovozero massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia
  • Bor, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Dodo mine, Polar Urals, Tyumen Oblast, Russia
  • Aldan Shield, Yakutiya, Siberia, Russia
  • 1st Sovietski mine, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • 2nd Sovietski mine, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Sadoviy, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Sentyabr'skiy, Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Waygate Shaft, Straitstep Vein, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Hilderston Quarry, West Lothian, Scotland
  • Orrock Quarry, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland
  • Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Strathclyde/Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Mannoch Hill Mine, Lesmahgow, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • New Glencrieff Mine, Wanlockhead, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Coir Loch Kander, Braemar, Grampian, Scotland
  • East and West Blackcraig mine, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Eas a Bradain, Luib, Isle of Skye, Scotland
  • Glendinning mine, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Garryhorn Mine, Carsphairn, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
  • Abergairn Mine, Glen Gairn, Scotland
  • Trepca, Serbia
  • Stari Trg Mine, Trepca, Serbia
  • Viborlat Mts, ??, Slovakia
  • Pezinok Mine, Malé Karpaty Mts, Slovakia
  • Idria, Carniola, Slovenia
  • Elandsrand Gold Mine, West Wits Line, South Africa
  • Messina, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Las Manforas Mine, Aliva, Picos de Europa mts, Spain
  • Rio Tinto mines, Huelva, Spain
  • Troija mine, San Sebastian, Spain
  • Mina Berta, Sant Cugat del Vallès-El Papiol, Barcelona, Spain
  • Långban mines, Bergslagen ore district, Värmland, Sweden
  • Arvigo, Val Calanca, Graubünden, Switzerland
  • Binn, Valais, Switzerland
  • St. Gothard, Ticino, Switzerland
  • Lengenbach quarry, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland
  • Dara-i-Pioz, Alayskiy Range, Garm, Tajikistan
  • Nikitovka deposit, Donbass, Ukraine
  • Mineral Point, Iowa Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Mineral Park Mine, Ithaca Peak, Mohave Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mineral Center, Cook Co., Minnesota, USA
  • Mid-Continent mine, Treece, Kansas, USA
  • Mid Continent mine, Miami, Ottawa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Mid Continent mine, Missouri, USA
  • Millington quarry, Millington, Somerset Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Middletown Area, Middlesex Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Mineral, Mineral Co., Virginia, USA
  • Minerva #1 Mine, Harris Creek District, Hardin Co., Illinois, USA
  • Lubec Lead mine, Lubec, Washington Co., Maine, USA
  • Lost River Area, Seward Peninsula, Alaska, USA
  • Lord Hill mine, Stoneham, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Lone Star mine, Woodstock, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Lockport Quarry, Lockport, Niagara Co., New York, USA
  • Magmont mine, Bixby, Iron Co., Missouri, USA
  • Mohawk mine, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Mistake Mine, Wickenburg, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Midnight Mine, Pitkin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Little May mine, Lyman, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Lane Quarry, Westfield, Hampden Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Tungsten Mine, Trumbull, Fairfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Sweetwater Mine, Ellington, Reynolds Co., Missouri, USA
  • Viburnum No 27 mine, Iron Co., Missouri, USA
  • Wallace Stone Plant, Bayport, Huron Co., Michigan, USA
  • Walker vein, Caldwell Stone Company Quarry, Danville, Boyle Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Waisanen mine, Greenwood, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Warren Nickel prospect, Warren, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Van Stone Mine Area, Stevens Co., Washington, USA
  • Lebanon-Acton mine, Lebanon, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Leonard Mine etc, Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
  • lear Creek Canyon, Jefferson Co., Colorado, USA
  • Laurel Hill (Snake Hill), Secaucus/Bergen Hill Area, Hudson Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Liberty Bell and Washington Pass, Okanogan Co., Washington, USA
  • Lillian Mining Co., Printerboy Hill, Leadville, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Lime Crest Quarry, Sparta, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Limeburner prospect, Penobscot, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Lamartina District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • United Verde Copper Co., Jerome, Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Madison Lead mine, Madison, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Magdalena district, Socorro Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Iron King Mine, Arizona, USA
  • Iron Mt. mines, Bartlett, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Italian Mt. Area, Aspen, Gunnison Co., Colorado, USA
  • Jackson Canyon, Humbolt Range, Pershing Co., Nevada, USA
  • Idaho Giant Mine, Shoshone Co., Idaho, USA
  • King Mountain Area, Crowders, Gaston Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Keyes Mica mines, Orange, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Kirwin copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Kokomo Area mines, Ten Mile District, Summit Co., Colorado, USA
  • Keith mine, Auburn, Androscoggin Co., Maine, USA
  • Keokuk, Lee Co., Iowa, USA
  • Ketchum, Blaine Co., Idaho, USA
  • Mt. Arat prospect, Phippsburg, Sagadahoc Co., Maine, USA
  • Mt Wilson Area, Ophir, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • New Rambler copper-gold-platinum district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Nay-Fogg mine, West Milan, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Nickel Plate Mine, Keystone, Pennington Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Iron Cap mine, Landsman Camp, Graham Co., Arizona, USA
  • Inexco #1 Mine, Jamestown, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Idarado, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Magma Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Magmount mine, Bixby, Missouri, USA
  • Maine Acton mine, Lebanon, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Manhan Lead Silver Mine, Southampton, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Marion/Salem/Princeton, Crittendon Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Martin Marietta Quarry, Hickory, Catawba Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Marysvale, Piute Co., Utah, USA
  • Mascot Mine, Gorham, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • McLaughlin's Ledge, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Jamestown mine, Tuolumne Co., California, USA
  • Jensen Quarry, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Joplin, Jasper Co., Missouri, USA
  • Jones mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Ima Mine, Blue Wing District, Lehmi Co., Idaho, USA
  • Highland mine, Penobscot, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Hill Top Mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Hilltop mine, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • New Market Mine, New Market, Tennessee, USA
  • Tuscarora mine, near Randolph, Crawford Mts, Rich Co., Utah, USA
  • Saratoga Mine, Central City District, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Starrett mines, Warren, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Sunlight copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Summit Mine, Broadwater Co., Montana, USA
  • Stockbridge Valley Brown Iron Ore District, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Stinkingwater copper district, Park Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Silver Mine, below Iron Mt., Madison Co., Missouri, USA
  • Silver King Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Silverton District, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Silver Hill, Davidson Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Snake River/Peru, Montezuma, Summit Co., Colorado, USA
  • Silver Wave mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Smuggler Vein, Smuggler Union Consolidated mine, Marshall Basin, Telluride District, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Smuggler Mine, Aspen Mtn Area, Pitkin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Rico Argentite mine, Rico district, Dolores Co., Colorado, USA
  • Portland mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Porter Lead mine, Porter, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Putney, Windham Co., Vermont, USA
  • Sunnyside mine, Silverton Mining District, Howardsville, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Susanville, Grant Co., Oregon, USA
  • Sweet Home Mine, Alma District, Park Co., Colorado, USA
  • Rush, Marion Co., Arkansas, USA
  • Sedalia Copper Mine, Sedalia, Chaffee Co., Colorado, USA
  • Siderite Mine, Roxbury Station, Litchfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Rockport, Cape Ann, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Rockport Silver mine, Rockport, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Roaring Spring Quarry, Canoe Creek Area, Sinking Valley, Blair Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Riverside Silver mine, Rockport, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Ore Hill mine, Warren, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Ruby Hill Area, Eureka, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Silver Crown copper district, Laramie Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Rossie lead mines, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Sterling Hill and Franklin Furnace, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Sterling Mine, Antwerp, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Stanley Mine, Idaho Springs District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • Standard Slag Quarry, Adams Co., Ohio, USA
  • Sneech Pond Copper mine, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Sumpter, Baker Co., Oregon, USA
  • Pulsifer mine & Dionne extension, Auburn, Androscoggin Co., Maine, USA
  • Platteville Area, Iowa Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Owingsville, Bath Co., Kentucky, USA
  • ZCA Pierrepont Mine, Pierrepont, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Zaca Mine, Monitor-Mogal District, Alpine Co., California, USA
  • Zaca (Advance/Colorado/Tarshish) mine, Colorado Hill, Monitor-Mogul district, Alpine Co., California, USA
  • Treadwell Mine, Douglas Island opposite Junea City, SE Juneau Area, Alaska, USA
  • Thomaston Dam Railroad Cut, Thomaston, Litchfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Thomaston dam, Thomaston, Litchfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Tamminen mine, Greenwood, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Telluride District, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Tintic Standard mine, Dividend, Utah Co., Utah, USA
  • Tilcon Capaldi quarry, Acushnet, Bristol Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • West Creek, Brooklyn Hts, Ohio, USA
  • Wausau Plateau, Rib Mountain, Marathon Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Whitehall, Jefferson Co., Montana, USA
  • Willis Mountain Mine, Willis Mountain Area (near Farmville), Buckingham Co., Virginia, USA
  • White Pine mine, Ontonagan Co., Michigan, USA
  • White Mt. Silver & Lead mine, Shelburne, Coos Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Wilkerson Pass Area, Park Co., Colorado, USA
  • Zinc Mines, Timberville, Virginia, USA
  • Wood Mine, Central City District/Quartz Hill, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • York County mine, Lebanon, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Park City, Summit Co., Utah, USA
  • Paddock Lead mine, Lyman, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Paddock Copper mine, Lyman, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Osceola Mine, Cunningham Gulch, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Oxford Silver mine, Milton, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Perry Petalite prospect, Peru, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Perkins Island Beryl locality, Georgetown, Sagadahoc Co., Maine, USA
  • Ray mine, Pina Co., Arizona, USA
  • "Redstone Red Granite"" quarry, Conway, Carroll Co., New Hampshire, USA"
  • Redcliff Area, Eagle Co., Colorado, USA
  • Randall Mt. locality, Parsonsfield, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Ray Mica Mine, Yancey Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Quabbin Aqueduct, Hardwick, Worcester Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Rawley Mine, Thebna, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA
  • Woodford & Mercer Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Wood River District, Hailey, Blaine Co., Idaho, USA
  • Woodstock mine, Woodstock, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Union Copper/Pioneers/Cosley's/McMalzin's etc, Area mines, Cabarrus Co., North Carolina, USA
  • New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Fitch Mine, Mariposa Co., California, USA
  • Boston-Acton mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Bigger Pegmatite/Malachite Mines, Morrison, Jefferson Co., Colorado, USA
  • Buckwheat mine dump, Franklin, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Bull Moose/Rice/Victory/Tip Top/White Elephant etc, Custer, Pennington Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Bullion Mining & Milling mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Bunker Hill mine, Kellogg, Shoshone Co., Idaho, USA
  • Butte General Area, Montana, USA
  • Courtland-Gleeson District, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Booth & Lane Mines, Monroe, Fairfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Bell Pit, Newry, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Bald Mt. Area mines, Lead, Lawrence Co., South Dakota, USA
  • Ballard mine, Treese, Kansas, USA
  • Balmat, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Balmat-Edwards District, Governor, St.Lawrence Co., New York, USA
  • Barr Mine, Picher, Oklahoma, USA
  • Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Beacon Pole Hill/Iron Mine Hill/Diamond Hill etc, Cumberland Area, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Camp Bird/Dunmore/Monarch Mtn/Portland Mines et., Ouray Area, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Blue Bell Mine, Baker, San Bernardino Co., California, USA
  • Black Rock, Arkansas, USA
  • Flux Mine, Harshaw District, Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Foote Spodumene Mine, Kings Mountain, Cleveland Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Forest City mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Gold Hill District, Gold Hill, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • French Creek Mines, Knauertown, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Cornwall, Lebanon Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Galena General Area, Jo Davies Co., Illinois, USA
  • Galena/Baxter Springs/Lawton, Cherokee Co., Kansas, USA
  • Garret Mountain Quarries, Paterson, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
  • General Area, Picher/Commerce/Quapaw/Miami/Peoria, Ottowa Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Glassmere, Alleghany Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Frankfort, Franklin Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Bristol Copper Mine, Bristol, Hartford Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Black Hawk district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Black Hawk mine, Black Hawk district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Black Mountain mica Mine, Rumford Township, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Black Mt. mines, Rumford, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Bingham canyon, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA
  • Bemis Stream prospect, Township D, Franklin Co., Maine, USA
  • Bergendahl/Davis/Pease/Piper Hill/Tin, Newfield, York Co., Maine, USA
  • B & B deposit, Big Creek District, Valley Co., Idaho, USA
  • Cofer District, Mineral, Virginia, USA
  • Champion Mine, Lake City, Hinsdale Co., Colorado, USA
  • Caribou mine, Caribou district, Grand Island, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Carlin Mine, Carlin, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Cartersville district, Bartow Co., Georgia, USA
  • Casco mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Catnip Hill Quarry, Jessamine Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Cave-in-Rock, Hardin Co., Illinois, USA
  • Cleveland mine, Stevens Co., Washington, USA
  • Central York Mts., West Seward Peninsula, Alaska, USA
  • Corundum Hill Area, Franklin (Mason Mountain), Macon Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Champion-Consolidated mines, Milton, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Chandlers Mill/Smith Mine etc, newport, Sullivan Co., New Hampshire, USA
  • Chino ore body, Central Mining District, Grant Co., Nevada, USA
  • Christmas Mine, Hayden, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Cimmaron & Bradley Lodes, Smuggler Vein, Smuggler Union Consolidated mine, Marshall Basin, Telluride District, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Copper River District, Kennecott, Alaska, USA
  • Copper Queen Mine, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Copper Mountain Area, Sulzer/Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, USA
  • Bessey mines, Buckfield, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Betts Manganese Mine, Plainfield, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Betty O'Neal, Nevada, USA
  • Campbell shaft, Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Barringer Hill, Blufton, Llano Co., Texas, USA
  • Comstock Lode, Virginia City, Storey Co., Nevada, USA
  • Callahan mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Cleveland/Bonanza Mines, Chewelah, Stevens Co., Washington, USA
  • Climax Mine, Climax, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Clubbs Mountain, Alexis, Gaston Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Cochetopa Hills Area, Saguache Co., Colorado, USA
  • Coeur d'Alene, Mullan Canyon Creek Area, Idaho, USA
  • Clay Center, Ottawa Co., Ohio, USA
  • Cole mine, Stoneham, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Cincinnati mine, St. Peter's Dome, Pikes Peak Region, El Paso Co., Colorado, USA
  • Conklin quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Copper Hill Area mines, Ducktown, Polk Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Central City, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Fernando Mine/etc, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Negley, Ohio, USA
  • Androscoggin Tourmaline Prospect, Auburn, Androscoggin Co., Maine, USA
  • Argentine Tunnel, Ouray, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Arlington Quarry etc, Leesburg, Loudoun Co., Virginia, USA
  • Adirondacks, Sanford & Star lakes, Essex Co., New York, USA
  • Bachelor Mine, Creede, Mineral Co., Colorado, USA
  • Emerson mine, Castine, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Duff quarry, Huntsville, Logan Co., Ohio, USA
  • Dunton Quarry etc, Newry Township, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Eagle Mine, Bonanza mining district, Saguache Co., Colorado, USA
  • East Woodstock Silver mine, Woodstock, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Einstein Silver Mine, Madison Co., Missouri, USA
  • Eldorado Mine, Indio, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Faircloth/Dean/Fairfield/Twin Chimney Mines, Munday's Landing, Mercer Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Elmwood mine, Carthage, Smith Co., Tennessee, USA
  • Dolomite Products Quarry, Penfield, Monroe Co., New York, USA
  • Encampment copper district, Carbon Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Erie Mine/Enterprise Mine, Austin, Lander Co., Nevada, USA
  • Andover Iron Mines, Andover, Morris Co., New York, USA
  • Amethyst lode, Creede, Mineral Co., Colorado, USA
  • American mine, Bingham Canyon, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA
  • Nevel mine, Newry, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Mt. Glines mine, Milton, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Mt. Baldy & Gold Mt., Ohio, Utah, USA
  • Mt Mica mine, Paris, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Old Wheatley Mine, Phoenixville, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Morey, Nye Co., Nevada, USA
  • Mt Peak pyrite mine, Charlemont, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Old Guard Mine, Tombstone, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • North Castine mine, Castine, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Mount Washington, Bullit Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Okimah, Okfuskee Co., Oklahoma, USA
  • Hercules mine, Penobscot, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Alice mine, Alice district, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • 3M quarry, Pulaski Co., Arkansas, USA
  • 79 Mine, Banner District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • Acton mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Alaska Mine, Poughkupsie Gulch (Silverton District), San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
  • Esterbrook copper district, Albany Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Estes mine, Baldwin, Cumberland Co., Maine, USA
  • Fat Jack mine, Lane Mt., Yavapai Co., Arizona, USA
  • Evergreen mine, near Apex, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Gold Mine, Great Falls, Baltimore Co., Maryland, USA
  • Gold Quarry mine, Carlin Trend, Eureka Co., Nevada, USA
  • Goodall/Webster, Sanford, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Granby, Newton Co., Missouri, USA
  • Grand Reef mine, Laurel Canyon, Aravaipa mining distr., Graham Co., Arizona, USA
  • Goddard Ledge mines, Rumford, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Green Million Vein, Shaker Creek, Mercer Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Glove Mine, San Rita Mts., Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Halls Gap, Lincoln Co., Kentucky, USA
  • Hamme Tungsten Mine, Vance Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Hanover, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Harriman prospect, Union, Knox Co., Maine, USA
  • Henderson, Vance Co., North Carolina, USA
  • Henrietta Mine, Silver City, Owyhee Co., Idaho, USA
  • Grants Mills, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Frontier Quarry, Lockport, Niagara Co., New York, USA
  • Greene's Farm garnet Mine, Southbury, Litchfield Co., Connecticut, USA
  • Davis Mica mine, West Bath, Sagadahoc Co., Maine, USA
  • Fairfax Quarry, Centreville, Fairfax Co., Virginia, USA
  • Crystal Pass, Ray, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Crooker prospect, Newry, Oxford Co., Maine, USA
  • Crisman, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Crestmore Quarry, Crestmore, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Davis Silver mine, Hermon, Penobscot Co., Maine, USA
  • Elmrow Farm Silver mine, Parsonsfield, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Atlantic/Blue Hill/Oven/Douglas/Granger etc, Blue Hill, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Etna, Alleghany Co., Pennsylvania, USA
  • Darwin Antimony mine, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Darwin, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Dirigo mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Dexter quarry, Lincoln, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USA
  • Denton mine, Harris Creek District, Hardin Co., Illinois, USA
  • Delmar, Nevada, USA
  • Deering-Acton mine, Acton, York Co., Maine, USA
  • Dona Dora Mine, Dona Ana Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Davis pyrite mine, Rowe, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, USA
  • Dubuque Area, Dubuque Co., Iowa, USA
  • Nant Helen opencast coal mine, Neath, Wales
  • Parys Mountain mine, Anglesey, Wales
  • Llettyhen Mine (Vaughan), Bontgoch, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Llechwedd Helyg mine, Tir-y-Mynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Florida Mine, Pontrhydfendigaid, Dyfed, Wales
  • Henfwlch Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Esgair Mwyn Mine, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Upper Gwnnws,Dyfed, Wales
  • Machen Quarry, Machen, Mid Glamorgan, Wales
  • Llangynog Mine, Llangynog, Powys, Wales
  • Parc Mine, Wrexham, Wales
  • Minera (mines), Wrexham, Wales
  • Nant-y-Car Mine, Rhayader, Powys, Wales
  • Mynydd Gorddu Mine, Bontgoch, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Llywernog Mine, Ponterwyd, Dyfed, Wales
  • Nant-y-Cagel mine (Eagle Brook), Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Van Mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • The Van mine, Llanidloes, Powys, Wales
  • Hafan Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Gwynfynydd mine, near Dolgellau, Gwynnedd, Wales
  • Esgair Hir mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Aberllyn mine, Llanrwst, Bettws-y-coed, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Esclusham Mountain, Minera, Wales
  • Erglodd mine, Talybont, Llangynfelyn, Dyfed, Wales
  • Cilfynydd Common, Abercynon Taff Vale, Wales
  • Cwmsymlog Mine, Ponterwyd, Dyfed, Wales
  • Dyfngwm mine, Penegoes, Powys, Wales
  • Dylife Mine, Dylife, Machynlleth, Powys, Wales
  • Camdwrbach Mine, Ponterwyd, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Bwlchrehennaid Mine (Level Newydd), Goginan, Tirymynach, Dyfed, Wales
  • Bwlch Mine (Deganwy), Llandudno, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Frongoch Mine, Pontrhydygroes, Dyfed, Wales
  • Drws-y-Coed mine, Llandwrog, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Bryngwiog Mine, Clwyd, Wales
  • Brynyrafr Mine, Talybont, Trefeirig, Dyfed, Wales
  • Bontddu trial level, Bontddu, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Bute Quarry, South Glamorgan, Wales
  • Bwlch Glas Mine, Talybont, Ceulanymaesmawr, Dyfed, Wales
  • Kipushi mine, Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire
  • Broken Hill mine, Kabwe, Zambia


Usos

La esfalerita o blenda es la principal mena del zinc, metal que se utiliza para galvanizar el hierro o para la fabricación del latón si el zinc se alea con el cobre.

El óxido de zinc (blanco de zinc) se emplea en la fabricación de pinturas, el sulfato de zinc en la fabricación de tintes y en farmacología como blanqueador de cremas y pomadas, el cloruro de zinc se usa en tratamientos para la conservación de la madera.

Además de los usos del zinc, la blenda o esfalerita es una de las principales menas de otros elementos químicos como el cadmio (usado en la fabricación de baterías Ni-Cd y semiconductores), el indio (usado en la fabricación de fotoconductores, rectificadores y termistores), el galio (usado como trazador en medicina nuclear) y el germanio (usado en la fabricación de transistores y diodos).

También es empleada como piedra preciosa en gemología

Bibliografía y más información

Acta Crystallographica, vol. A36, p.482, (1980)

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