Tennantita

Características generales


Datos generales


Fórmula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Sistema de cristalización: Cúbico
Lustre: Metálico
Color: Gris acero o negro
Dureza: 3-4
Rareza: común
Grupo de minerales: Grupo de la Tetraedrita
Serie: Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series


Clasificación

Estado IMA: Válido. Descrito con antelación a 1959 (pre-IMA), se considera un mineral clásico o histórico (grandfathered)

Nickel-Strunz : 02.GB.05
  • 2: Sulfuros y sulfosales
  • 02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos
  • 02.GB: Neso-sulfoarsenitos, etc

Dana 8th ed. : 3.3.6.2

Etimología:

Named after the English chemist, S. Tennant (1761-1815).



Formación y ambiente

Mesothermal and epithermal vetas.

Hidrotermal

Propiedades fisicas

Hábito: Massive - granular or disseminated

Lustre: Metálico

Transparencia: Opaco

Color: Gris acero o negro

Color en sección fina: Incolora

Dureza (Mohs): 3-4

Fractura: Hackly

Densidad: 4,6-4,7 g/cm3 (medida) | 4,65 g/cm3 (calculada)

Cristalografía

Sistema cristalino: Cúbico

Clase (H-M): 0m (4*3m) - Hextetrahedral

Grupo espacial: I 4*3m

Parámetros de la celda: a=10,186Å

Volumen de unidad de celda: V 1056,84Å

Z: 2

Difracción de Rayos X:
Difracción de Rayos X
D(hkl)Intensidad
2,94100
1,80180
1,53550

Propiedades ópticas

Tipo: Opaco

Valores RI: nα= 2,72 - 2,73

Dispersión: Ninguna

Reflectancia:
Reflectancia
D(hkl)Intensidad
470.030,2
546.030,1
589.028,5
650.026


Propiedades químicas

Fórmula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13

Elementos químicos: Cu, Fe, Zn, As, S

Composición química: As: 20,37%, S: 28,33%, Fe: 3,80%, Cu: 47,51%,

Tests químicos

Reacción a los ácidos: Se descompone en ácido nítrico con la separación de azufre
Formación de sublimados: Gives off arsenical fumes and fuses to grey bead.



Relaciones con otros minerales

Miembro del grupo de minerales: Grupo de la Tetraedrita

Minerales pertenecientes al Grupo de la Tetraedrita

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
Argentotennantita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Ag6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Argentotetrahedrita.
:

Ag10(Fe,Zn)2Sb4S13
FreibergitaFreibergita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Giraudita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13
Goldfieldita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Cu10Te4S13
Hakita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Cu6[Cu4Hg2]Sb4Se13
Tennantita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
TetraedritaTetraedrita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13


Minerales acompañantes:

Minerales acompañantes
NombreImagenClase mineralógica
ArsenopiritaArsenopirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.E: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:2

FeAsS
CalcopiritaCalcopirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

CuFeS2
Enargita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.K: Sulfarsenatos, Sulfantimonatos

Cu3AsS4
GalenaGalena2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

PbS
PiritaPirita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.E: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:2

FeS2
CuarzoCuarzo4. Óxidos
04.D: Metal:Oxígeno = 1:2 y similar

SiO2
EsfaleritaEsfalerita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.C: Sulfuros con metal, M:S = 1:1 (y similar)

ZnS
TetraedritaTetraedrita2. Sulfuros y sulfosales
02.G: Sulfoarsenitos, sulfoantimonitos, sulfobisbutitos

Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13




Yacimientos y localidades de interés

Localidades

  • Redruth/St. Day area, Cornwall, England - Localidad tipo.
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Capillitas mine, Andalgalá, Catamarca, Argentina
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Mt Lyell, Tasmania and Tingha, New South Wales, Australia
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Schwaz-Brixlegg, Tyrol, Austria
  • Rotgülden, Salzburg, Austria
  • Pulacayo mine, Huanchaca, Potosí Dept, Bolivia
  • Lavra do Énio pegmatite, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Madan, Rhodope Mtns., Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Barrie Township, Frontenac Co., Ontario, Canada
  • Mt St.-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada
  • Poudrette quarry, Mt St.-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada
  • Lillooet district, British Columbia, Canada
  • H-W mine, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada
  • Krupka, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Moldava, Teplice, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Medenec (Kupferberg), Chomutov, Krusne Hory, Vychodocesky, Czech Republic
  • Alexander Gallery, Vrancice, Príbram, Stredocesky, Czech Republic
  • Tresavean mine, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Paddy End Mine, Coniston, Cumbria, England
  • Old Potts Gill mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • North Roskear mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Trevascus mine, Gwinear, Cornwall, England
  • West Caradon mine, St. Cleer, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Gorland, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Jane, Kea, Truro, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Jewel, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwennap, Cornwall, England
  • Wheal Unity, Gwinear, Cornwall, England
  • Pave York Mine, Greenburn Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Levant mine, Pendeen, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Judkins quarry, Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, England
  • Dolcoath mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Birk Fell Mine, Tilberthwaite, Cumbria, England
  • Carn Brea, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Clevedon Beach, Somerset, England
  • Cooks Kitchen mine, Camborne, Illogan, Cornwall, England
  • Driggith Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England
  • Dale Head Mine, Newlands Valley, Cumbria, England
  • Relistian mine, Gwinnear, Cornwall, England
  • Eagle Crag Mine, Patterdale, Cumbria, England
  • Geevor mine, Trewellard, St. Just, Cornwall, England
  • Gunheath China Clay Pit, Stenalees, St.Austell, Cornwall, England
  • Hingston Down quarry, Calstock, Cornwall, England
  • Holehouse Gill Mine, Ulpha, Cumbria, England
  • Falgayrolles, Aveyron, Midi-Pyrénées, France
  • Chessy-les-Mines, Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • Cap Garonne, Le Pradet, Var, France
  • Johann mine, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Schweina-Glücksbrunn, Bad Liebenstein, Eisenach, Thüringen, Germany
  • Roßgrabeneck, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Silberbrünnle mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Kirchheimerstollen, Müllenbach, Baden-Baden, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Geigeshalde / Falkenstein, Schramberg, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Anton mine, Heubachtal, Wittichen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hilfe Gottes mine, Wiemannsbucht, Bad Grund, Harz Mts, Sachsen, Germany
  • Christophstal, Freudenstadt, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Clara mine, Oberwolfach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Stahlberg mine, Kohlberg, Trusetal, Bad Salzungen, Thüringen, Germany
  • Uranlagerstatte Mullenbach, Baden-Baden, Germany
  • Hennenloch mine, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Hechtsberg quarry, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Gangzug Prinzbach, Kinzigtal, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Dreikönigstern, Reinerzau, Alpirsbach, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • Daniel mine, Schneeberg, Sachsen, Germany
  • Muckross mine, Co. Kerry, Ireland
  • Silvermines district, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Ross Island, Lough Leane, Co. Kerry, Ireland
  • Ballycummisk mine, Ballydehob, Co. Cork, Ireland
  • Gortdrum mine, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Molinello mine, Val Graveglia, Liguria, Italy
  • Is Murvonis Mine, Domusnovas, Iglesias district, Sardinia, Italy
  • Kvartsitovje Gorki, Kazakhstan
  • Sarbay silver mine, Rudni, Kusteni Oblast, Kazakhstan
  • Chauvay, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • Chaidarkan, Alai, Kyrgyzstan
  • El Cobre Mine, Concepcion del Oro, Zacatecas, Mexico
  • Caridad mine, Sonora, Mexico
  • Mina Ojuela, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico
  • Auros, Otavi, Namibia
  • Alt Bobos mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Abaneb West mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kombat mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Khusib mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Berg Aukas, Otavi, Namibia
  • Wolkenhaben, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb West Vanadium mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Tsumeb, Namibia
  • Tsumeb mine, Tsumeb, Otavi, Namibia
  • Uitsab mine, Otavi, Namibia
  • Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norway
  • Castrovirreyana mine, near Lima, Peru
  • Castro Virreyana mine, near Lima, Peru
  • Berezovskoye deposit, Ekaterinberg, Sverdlovsk, Ural Mts., Russia
  • Dal'negorsk, Primorskiy Kray, Russia
  • Mutnovskoe, Kamchatka, Russia
  • Needle's Eye Mine, Dumfries & Galloway, Scotland
  • Rio Tinto mines, Huelva, Spain
  • Frederik shaft, Fahlun, Örebro, Sweden
  • Lengenbach quarry, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland
  • Malasondo district, Tibet
  • Kirk Mine, Central City, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Callahan mine, Brooksville, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • 79 Mine, Banner District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
  • American mine, Bingham Canyon, Salt Lake Co., Utah, USA
  • Atlantic/Blue Hill/Oven/Douglas/Granger etc, Blue Hill, Hancock Co., Maine, USA
  • Bisbee, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
  • Black Hawk district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Black Hawk mine, Black Hawk district, Grant Co., New Mexico, USA
  • Inexco #1 Mine, Jamestown, Boulder Co., Colorado, USA
  • Idaho Springs, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • Guston Mine etc, Red Mountain Pass Area, Ouray Co., Colorado, USA
  • Leonard Mine etc, Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
  • East Tintic Mine, Juab Co., Utah, USA
  • Elridge mine, Buckingham Co., Virginia, USA
  • Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Rusk Co., Wisconsin, USA
  • Freeland lode, Idaho Springs, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • Gillman District, Colorado, USA
  • Hartville Uplift Copper district, Goshen Co., Wyoming, USA
  • Black Pine Mine, Phillipsburg, Granite Co., Montana, USA
  • Lillian Mining Co., Printerboy Hill, Leadville, Lake Co., Colorado, USA
  • Magma Mine, Superior, Pinal Co., Arizona, USA
  • Mohawk Mine, Goldfield, Esmeralda Co., Nevada, USA
  • Mountain Consolidated Mine, Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
  • New Cornelia Mine, Ajo, Pima Co., Arizona, USA
  • Stanley Mine, Idaho Springs District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • Park City, Summit Co., Utah, USA
  • Smuggler Vein, Smuggler Union Consolidated mine, Marshall Basin, Telluride District, San Miguel Co., Colorado, USA
  • Fernando Mine/etc, Darwin District, Inyo Co., California, USA
  • Snake River/Peru, Montezuma, Summit Co., Colorado, USA
  • Lamartina District, Clear Creek Co., Colorado, USA
  • Cofer District, Mineral, Virginia, USA
  • Crestmore Quarry, Crestmore, Riverside Co., California, USA
  • Butte General Area, Montana, USA
  • Sterling Hill and Franklin Furnace, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
  • Stewart Mine, Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
  • Sweet Home Mine, Alma District, Park Co., Colorado, USA
  • Washington Camp District, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona, USA
  • Wood Mine, Central City District/Quartz Hill, Gilpin Co., Colorado, USA
  • Parys Mountain mine, Anglesey, Wales
  • Great Ormes Head Mine, Llandudno, Gwynedd, Wales
  • Dolyhir Quarry, Powys, Wales
  • Kipushi mine, Lubumbashi, Shaba, Zaire


Bibliografía y más información

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, vol. 123, p.1, (1966)

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